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Insulin Resistance is a condition in which the body does not respond to insulin properly. This is most common in Type II diabetes or associated with obesity, ketoacidosis, infection, and certain rare conditions. Diminished effectiveness of insulin in lowering blood glucose levels requiring 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent hyperglycemia or ketosis.
UT Southwestern researchers identify protein that can kick-start more efficient, healthful breakdown of fat

UT Southwestern researchers identify protein that can kick-start more efficient, healthful breakdown of fat

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells - and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes - can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat. [More]
Research findings point to potential drug targets to improve angiogenesis in diabetes patients

Research findings point to potential drug targets to improve angiogenesis in diabetes patients

Diabetes heightens the risk of vascular damage to heart and limbs, and impairs the ability to repair damage with new growth of blood vessels, called angiogenesis. [More]
Avoiding foods high in AGEs could help protect from developing diabetes

Avoiding foods high in AGEs could help protect from developing diabetes

Simple changes in how we cook could go a long way towards preventing diabetes, say researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that can promote healthful breakdown of fat

UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that can promote healthful breakdown of fat

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells - and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes - can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat. [More]
AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

Scientists have proposed that inflammation is the harbinger of aging and central to the aging process, a phenomenon described as 'inflamm-aging,' said Dr. Yuxiang Sun. [More]
Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Scientists have long known that infants born to women who are obese show higher risks of obesity, but they don't fully understand what boosts those risks. [More]
Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Food provides us with a variety of substances we need to maintain life. These substances are essential nutrients and are classified as macronutrients (water, protein, fats, and carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). [More]
Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Within our bodies, high levels of reactive forms of oxygen can damage proteins and contribute to diabetic complications and many other diseases. [More]
Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Fractyl Laboratories Inc. (Fractyl) announced today publication of data in the current issue of Diabetes Care from the Company’s first-in-human study of RevitaTM duodenal mucosal resurfacing (Revita DMR). [More]
BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Findings from Boston University School of Medicine, which appear in eLife, provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. [More]
Gene mutation linked to impulsive drunken behaviour shields bearers from obesity, insulin resistance

Gene mutation linked to impulsive drunken behaviour shields bearers from obesity, insulin resistance

University of Helsinki researchers have previously demonstrated that a point mutation in a gene of serotonin 2B receptor can render the carrier prone to impulsive behaviour, particularly when drunk. [More]
SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

Researchers at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new potential target for drugs to prevent type 2 diabetes. A paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows that blocking a cellular glucose sensor in muscle improves insulin responsiveness. [More]
Study finds no major difference in effectiveness of two classes of drugs in peritoneal dialysis patients

Study finds no major difference in effectiveness of two classes of drugs in peritoneal dialysis patients

With cardiovascular disease being the No. 1 cause of death in end-stage kidney disease patients on peritoneal dialysis, a new study examined two classes of medications commonly prescribed to prevent cardiovascular events in these patients and found no significant difference in outcomes. [More]
Researcher receives grant to study how changes in gut bacteria could lead to obesity-related disorders

Researcher receives grant to study how changes in gut bacteria could lead to obesity-related disorders

Andrew Gewirtz, a professor in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.8-million federal grant to study how changes in intestinal bacteria could lead to obesity and metabolic syndrome. [More]
Soy isoflavones may help improve metabolic and cardiovascular health in women with PCOS

Soy isoflavones may help improve metabolic and cardiovascular health in women with PCOS

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)—a common cause of female infertility—may be able to improve their metabolic and cardiovascular health by consuming soy isoflavones, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Study shows diabetes drug ineffective in improving condition of patients with advanced heart failure

Study shows diabetes drug ineffective in improving condition of patients with advanced heart failure

In an attempt to correct defects in the energy generation that contribute to poor pump function among heart failure patients, researchers examined whether the diabetes drug liraglutide, could improve the condition of patients with advanced heart failure. [More]
Researchers identify new mechanisms capable of suppressing propagation of HCV

Researchers identify new mechanisms capable of suppressing propagation of HCV

Researchers at Osaka University, Japan uncovered the mechanisms that suppress the propagation of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) with the potential of improving pathological liver conditions. [More]
Rat study finds maternal intake of oxidised fish oil causes high newborn mortality

Rat study finds maternal intake of oxidised fish oil causes high newborn mortality

Nearly 30 percent of newborn pups born to pregnant rats fed highly oxidized ("off") fish oil died within two days after birth a new study by researchers at the Liggins Institute at the University of Auckland in New Zealand finds. [More]
Breastfeeding leads to long-term metabolic changes in mothers, study shows

Breastfeeding leads to long-term metabolic changes in mothers, study shows

An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München has studied the metabolism of women with gestational diabetes after giving birth. [More]
Eating more healthy fats may lower type 2 diabetes risk

Eating more healthy fats may lower type 2 diabetes risk

Eating more unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fats, in place of either dietary carbohydrate or saturated fats lowers blood sugar levels and improves insulin resistance and secretion, according to a new meta-analysis of data from 102 randomised controlled feeding trials in adults. [More]
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