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Lipids are a broad group of naturally-occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules.
Does exercise eliminate the ill effects of sitting? An interview with Prof. Ulf Ekelund

Does exercise eliminate the ill effects of sitting? An interview with Prof. Ulf Ekelund

In short, the detrimental effects of sitting for prolonged hours can be divided into acute, or short-term, and long-term effects. [More]
Single-dose of anibiotic gel could provide easy and safe treatment for common childhood illness

Single-dose of anibiotic gel could provide easy and safe treatment for common childhood illness

A single-application bioengineered gel, squirted in the ear canal, could deliver a full course of antibiotic therapy for middle ear infections, making treatment of this common childhood illness much easier and potentially safer, finds a preclinical study led by Boston Children's Hospital in collaboration with investigators at Boston Medical Center and Massachusetts Eye and Ear. [More]
Rare pattern of gut microbes in newborns linked to higher risk of later allergies and asthma

Rare pattern of gut microbes in newborns linked to higher risk of later allergies and asthma

The microbes living in a baby's gut during its first month of life may directly impact the developing immune system, leading to a higher risk of allergies and asthma later in childhood, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit. [More]
Heat shock proteins may play role in triggering Schistosoma invasion

Heat shock proteins may play role in triggering Schistosoma invasion

A protein known for helping cells withstand stress may also act as a switch that triggers free-swimming Schistosoma larvae to begin penetrating the skin and transforming into the parasitic flatworms that burden more than 240 million people worldwide with schistosomiasis. [More]
UC researchers offer more insights into how lack of gut bacteria influences fat absorption

UC researchers offer more insights into how lack of gut bacteria influences fat absorption

A study led by University of Cincinnati lipid metabolism researchers lends additional insight into how bacteria in the gut, or lack thereof, influences intestinal mast cells (MMC) activation and perhaps fat absorption. [More]
Edible ginger-derived nano-lipids could effectively deliver drugs for treating colon cancer

Edible ginger-derived nano-lipids could effectively deliver drugs for treating colon cancer

Edible ginger-derived nano-lipids created from a specific population of ginger nanoparticles show promise for effectively targeting and delivering chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat colon cancer, according to a study by researchers at the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Wenzhou Medical University and Southwest University in China. [More]
Good blood microcirculation linked to longevity

Good blood microcirculation linked to longevity

Human longevity has been previously linked by researchers to genetic factors, calorie restriction, and certain life-style factors such as physical activity or the Mediterranean diet. [More]
Discovery of signalling pathway could pave way for developing treatments targeting T-ALL leukaemia

Discovery of signalling pathway could pave way for developing treatments targeting T-ALL leukaemia

Cooperation between Finnish and Chinese research groups has opened up new opportunities for developing treatments targeting aggressive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL). [More]
Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

The National Institutes of Health will fund six projects to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration in the retina. [More]
Common signaling pathway may control formation of tumor cells in fat, reveals Purdue study

Common signaling pathway may control formation of tumor cells in fat, reveals Purdue study

A common cell signaling pathway that controls differentiation of stem cells may also control the formation of tumor cells in fat, according to a Purdue University study. [More]
AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

Scientists have proposed that inflammation is the harbinger of aging and central to the aging process, a phenomenon described as 'inflamm-aging,' said Dr. Yuxiang Sun. [More]
Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Can a diet high in processed fat and sugar and Type 2 diabetes cause degeneration of intervertebral discs in the spine? If so, what is happening, and can it be prevented? As part of an ongoing collaboration between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - a partnership that draws upon the expertise of both schools to address significant health problems - researchers hope to answer those questions by investigating the link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and intervertebral disc degeneration. [More]
Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Scientists have long known that infants born to women who are obese show higher risks of obesity, but they don't fully understand what boosts those risks. [More]
Ginger-derived nanoparticles may be good medicine for inflammatory bowel disease

Ginger-derived nanoparticles may be good medicine for inflammatory bowel disease

A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root. [More]
Pancreatic cancer cells find alternative source of nutrition to avoid starvation

Pancreatic cancer cells find alternative source of nutrition to avoid starvation

Pancreatic cancer cells avert starvation in dense tumors by ordering nearby support cells to supply them with an alternative source of nutrition. [More]
Mayo Clinic launches new blood test that measures plasma ceramides to predict risk for heart disease

Mayo Clinic launches new blood test that measures plasma ceramides to predict risk for heart disease

Mayo Clinic has launched a new type of blood test that will be used to predict adverse cardiovascular events in patients with progressing coronary artery disease (CAD). [More]
New technology uses natural nano-scale lipid transport system to deliver drugs straight to bloodstream

New technology uses natural nano-scale lipid transport system to deliver drugs straight to bloodstream

For years scientists and dieticians have argued over the health benefits of dietary fat. Research published this week, however, shows that piggybacking onto natural fat absorption pathways can dramatically enhance the utility of some drugs. [More]
Researchers shed new light on roots of dystonia

Researchers shed new light on roots of dystonia

Researchers at VIB-KU Leuven have managed to get a clearer view on the roots of dystonia, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary twisting movements. [More]
VALIDATE D-Dimer kit from LGC Maine Standards receives US FDA approval for use on hemostasis test systems

VALIDATE D-Dimer kit from LGC Maine Standards receives US FDA approval for use on hemostasis test systems

LGC Maine Standards is pleased to announce our VALIDATE D-Dimer calibration verification / linearity test kit has received US FDA 510(k) clearance for use on Instrument Laboratory ACL TOP hemostasis test systems. [More]
Scientists create new cell-membrane-like material with potential for water purification and drug delivery

Scientists create new cell-membrane-like material with potential for water purification and drug delivery

Materials scientists have created a new material that performs like a cell membrane found in nature. Such a material has long been sought for applications as varied as water purification and drug delivery. [More]
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