Metabolism News and Research RSS Feed - Metabolism News and Research

Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
Sperm tail enzymes inspire nanobiotechnology

Sperm tail enzymes inspire nanobiotechnology

Just like workers in a factory, enzymes can create a final product more efficiently if they are stuck together in one place and pass the raw material from enzyme to enzyme, assembly line-style. [More]
New drug receives FDA approval to reduce risk of cardiovascular death in adults with diabetes

New drug receives FDA approval to reduce risk of cardiovascular death in adults with diabetes

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new indication for Jardiance (empagliflozin) to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. [More]
Many women dissatisfied with length of time for diagnosis of PCOS, survey finds

Many women dissatisfied with length of time for diagnosis of PCOS, survey finds

A large international survey of women with a common condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is characterized by reproductive and metabolic problems, found nearly two in three were dissatisfied with the length of time they waited and the number of healthcare professionals they had to see before they received a diagnosis, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Experts explore if DXA-derived measurements could predict fracture risk in diabetic patients

Experts explore if DXA-derived measurements could predict fracture risk in diabetic patients

Increased risk of fracture has been shown to be one of the complications arising from longstanding diabetes. With the worldwide increase in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), in part due to aging populations, there is also increasing concern about how to identify and manage patients with diabetes who are at high risk of osteoporotic fracture. [More]
Bone density could be one of early indicators of brain degeneration in Alzheimer's disease

Bone density could be one of early indicators of brain degeneration in Alzheimer's disease

Researchers at NEOMED have just identified a major connection between areas of the brainstem - the ancient area that controls mood, sleep and metabolism - and detrimental changes to bone in a preclinical model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). [More]
PCSK9 and HMGCR genetic variations that lower bad cholesterol affect risk of cardiovascular events

PCSK9 and HMGCR genetic variations that lower bad cholesterol affect risk of cardiovascular events

In a new study published in the December 1, 2016 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, and a collaboration of international researchers, studied variants in the genes encoding HMGCR and PCSK9 that affect cholesterol levels, and found that variants that lowered LDL (or "bad") cholesterol in each gene were associated with nearly identical protective effects on the risk of cardiovascular events per unit reduction in LDL cholesterol. [More]
Researchers use microbubbles and ultrasound to transport drugs across blood–brain barrier

Researchers use microbubbles and ultrasound to transport drugs across blood–brain barrier

The impassable blood-brain barrier prevents microorganisms from entering our brain, however it also blocks medicines that could help treat Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. [More]
Iron deficiency: an interview with Dr Thierry Teil

Iron deficiency: an interview with Dr Thierry Teil

Iron deficiency is, in fact, one of the most common nutritional disorders. It affects between three and five billion people, which is between half and two-thirds of the world population (about seven billion). Iron deficiency anemia is a subset of iron deficiency, that is about two billion people according to the WHO... [More]
Mildly elevated body iron contributes to prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes

Mildly elevated body iron contributes to prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes

Even mildly elevated body iron contributes to the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland. [More]
Researchers develop virtual liver model to better understand metabolism of non-prescription painkiller

Researchers develop virtual liver model to better understand metabolism of non-prescription painkiller

Researchers at Indiana University's Biocomplexity Institute have developed a virtual model of the human liver to better understand how the organ metabolizes acetaminophen, a common non-prescription painkiller and fever-reducer used in over-the-counter drugs such as Tylenol. [More]
Scientists create comprehensive computational metabolic models for different gut microbes

Scientists create comprehensive computational metabolic models for different gut microbes

Hundreds of different bacterial species live in the human gut, helping us to digest our food. The metabolic processes of these bacteria are not only tremendously important to our health -- they are also tremendously complex. [More]
Enzyme research provides new insights into pathophysiology of depression

Enzyme research provides new insights into pathophysiology of depression

Despite the fact that more than four percent of the world's population suffer from depression, and even though approximately 1,500 individuals commit suicide each year in Sweden, the understanding of the pathophysiology of depression remains unclear and only a few new discoveries of mechanisms behind it have been made in recent years. [More]
Targeting metabolic function of breast cancer may help combat disease

Targeting metabolic function of breast cancer may help combat disease

How does a cancer cell burn calories? New research from Thomas Jefferson University shows that breast cancer cells rely on a different process for turning fuel into energy than normal cells. [More]
TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

Gut bacteria play a little-understood role in the body’s energy balance, which is influenced by diet. However, the crucial nutritional components are unknown. A team at the Technical University of Munich was able to demonstrate for the very first time that mice without gastrointestinal microbiota grow obese when fed with dietary fat from plant sources, but not from animal sources. [More]
Researchers engineer cells with 'built-in genetic circuit' that can inhibit tumour growth

Researchers engineer cells with 'built-in genetic circuit' that can inhibit tumour growth

Researchers at the University of Southampton have engineered cells with a 'built-in genetic circuit' that produces a molecule that inhibits the ability of tumours to survive and grow in their low oxygen environment. [More]
New research provides insights into how gut microbes drive host gene expression

New research provides insights into how gut microbes drive host gene expression

In our guts, and in the guts of all animals, resides a robust ecosystem of microbes known as the microbiome. Consisting of trillions of organisms — bacteria, fungi and viruses — the microbiome is essential for host health, providing important services ranging from nutrient processing to immune system development and maintenance. [More]
Stuttering linked to changes in speech and language-based brain circuits

Stuttering linked to changes in speech and language-based brain circuits

Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have conducted the first study of its kind, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to look at brain regions in both adults and children who stutter. [More]
TSRI scientists unravel mystery of ‘food coma’ phenomenon

TSRI scientists unravel mystery of ‘food coma’ phenomenon

Anyone who has drifted into a fuzzy-headed stupor after a large holiday meal is familiar with the condition commonly known as a "food coma." [More]
MGH researchers uncover mechanism revealing why aspartame may not promote weight loss

MGH researchers uncover mechanism revealing why aspartame may not promote weight loss

A team of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found a possible mechanism explaining why use of the sugar substitute aspartame might not promote weight loss. [More]
Protein and salt content in food could modulate post-meal sleep

Protein and salt content in food could modulate post-meal sleep

Sleepiness after a large meal is something we all experience, and new research with fruit flies suggests higher protein and salt content in our food, as well as the volume consumed, can lead to longer naps. [More]
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