Metabolism News and Research RSS Feed - Metabolism News and Research

Metabolism is the means by which the body derives energy and synthesizes the other molecules it needs from the fats, carbohydrates and proteins we eat as food, by enzymatic reactions helped by minerals and vitamins.
Researchers develop virtual liver model to better understand metabolism of non-prescription painkiller

Researchers develop virtual liver model to better understand metabolism of non-prescription painkiller

Researchers at Indiana University's Biocomplexity Institute have developed a virtual model of the human liver to better understand how the organ metabolizes acetaminophen, a common non-prescription painkiller and fever-reducer used in over-the-counter drugs such as Tylenol. [More]
Scientists create comprehensive computational metabolic models for different gut microbes

Scientists create comprehensive computational metabolic models for different gut microbes

Hundreds of different bacterial species live in the human gut, helping us to digest our food. The metabolic processes of these bacteria are not only tremendously important to our health -- they are also tremendously complex. [More]
Enzyme research provides new insights into pathophysiology of depression

Enzyme research provides new insights into pathophysiology of depression

Despite the fact that more than four percent of the world's population suffer from depression, and even though approximately 1,500 individuals commit suicide each year in Sweden, the understanding of the pathophysiology of depression remains unclear and only a few new discoveries of mechanisms behind it have been made in recent years. [More]
Targeting metabolic function of breast cancer may help combat disease

Targeting metabolic function of breast cancer may help combat disease

How does a cancer cell burn calories? New research from Thomas Jefferson University shows that breast cancer cells rely on a different process for turning fuel into energy than normal cells. [More]
TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

Gut bacteria play a little-understood role in the body’s energy balance, which is influenced by diet. However, the crucial nutritional components are unknown. A team at the Technical University of Munich was able to demonstrate for the very first time that mice without gastrointestinal microbiota grow obese when fed with dietary fat from plant sources, but not from animal sources. [More]
Researchers engineer cells with 'built-in genetic circuit' that can inhibit tumour growth

Researchers engineer cells with 'built-in genetic circuit' that can inhibit tumour growth

Researchers at the University of Southampton have engineered cells with a 'built-in genetic circuit' that produces a molecule that inhibits the ability of tumours to survive and grow in their low oxygen environment. [More]
New research provides insights into how gut microbes drive host gene expression

New research provides insights into how gut microbes drive host gene expression

In our guts, and in the guts of all animals, resides a robust ecosystem of microbes known as the microbiome. Consisting of trillions of organisms — bacteria, fungi and viruses — the microbiome is essential for host health, providing important services ranging from nutrient processing to immune system development and maintenance. [More]
Stuttering linked to changes in speech and language-based brain circuits

Stuttering linked to changes in speech and language-based brain circuits

Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have conducted the first study of its kind, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to look at brain regions in both adults and children who stutter. [More]
TSRI scientists unravel mystery of ‘food coma’ phenomenon

TSRI scientists unravel mystery of ‘food coma’ phenomenon

Anyone who has drifted into a fuzzy-headed stupor after a large holiday meal is familiar with the condition commonly known as a "food coma." [More]
MGH researchers uncover mechanism revealing why aspartame may not promote weight loss

MGH researchers uncover mechanism revealing why aspartame may not promote weight loss

A team of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found a possible mechanism explaining why use of the sugar substitute aspartame might not promote weight loss. [More]
Protein and salt content in food could modulate post-meal sleep

Protein and salt content in food could modulate post-meal sleep

Sleepiness after a large meal is something we all experience, and new research with fruit flies suggests higher protein and salt content in our food, as well as the volume consumed, can lead to longer naps. [More]
BIDMC researchers discover neural circuitry that plays role in promoting satiety

BIDMC researchers discover neural circuitry that plays role in promoting satiety

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center researchers have identified previously unknown neural circuitry that plays a role in promoting satiety, the feeling of having had enough to eat. [More]
Blocking key nutrient uptake may be effective way of treating triple negative breast cancer

Blocking key nutrient uptake may be effective way of treating triple negative breast cancer

Cancer rewires the metabolism of tumor cells, converting them into lean, mean, replicating machines. [More]
Omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, study finds

Omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, study finds

Omega-3 fatty acids are able to stimulate the activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, a discovery that would promote the development of new therapies for obesity and other metabolism diseases, according to a research study published in the journal Nature Communications under the supervision of Professor Francesc Villarroya, from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine and the Biomedical Research Center Red-Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN) of the Institute of Health Carlos III. [More]
Gut bacterial composition affects metabolism, study finds

Gut bacterial composition affects metabolism, study finds

Mice that receive gut bacteria transplants from overweight humans are known to gain more weight than mice transplanted with gut bacteria from normal weight subjects, even when the mice are fed the same diet. [More]
Researchers propose zebrafish as model to predict effects of EDCs

Researchers propose zebrafish as model to predict effects of EDCs

Water is vital for our survival. However, water quality is always a concern for public health authorities as it may contain diverse environmental pollutants, including endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). [More]
Molecules team up to maintain healthy level of fat in liver, study finds

Molecules team up to maintain healthy level of fat in liver, study finds

As obesity rates rise in the United States, so does the incidence of liver diseases. [More]
Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

In hospitalized patients, low blood sugar—also known as hypoglycemia—is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality risk, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Study shows menopausal hormone therapy can improve bone mass and structure

Study shows menopausal hormone therapy can improve bone mass and structure

Women who undergo hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes can not only increase bone mass, but also can improve bone structure, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

According to the World Health Organization, 422 million adults across the globe have diabetes. In fact, the number of adults with the disease continues to grow each year. [More]
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