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Thymectomy confers benefit to MG patients who do not have chest tumor, study shows

Thymectomy confers benefit to MG patients who do not have chest tumor, study shows

A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine addresses a question doctors have sought to clarify for decades: whether a surgery conducted since the 1940s benefits the patients it targets. [More]
Video selfies of tooth-brushing can help improve oral health care techniques, study shows

Video selfies of tooth-brushing can help improve oral health care techniques, study shows

Recording smart phone video "selfies" of tooth-brushing can help people learn to improve their oral health care techniques, according to a new study. [More]
Penn study sheds light on role of essential compound in maintaining optimal muscle function

Penn study sheds light on role of essential compound in maintaining optimal muscle function

Maintaining proper levels of an essential helper molecule is crucial for optimal muscle function, according to a study led by Joseph Baur, PhD, an assistant professor of Physiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Easy-to-test clinical markers may help identify people at risk for age-related neurological diseases

Easy-to-test clinical markers may help identify people at risk for age-related neurological diseases

A new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study suggests a simple test of physical functioning may be able to help physicians identify individuals who are at a higher risk for developing Alzheimer's disease and stroke. [More]
SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

Researchers at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new potential target for drugs to prevent type 2 diabetes. A paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows that blocking a cellular glucose sensor in muscle improves insulin responsiveness. [More]
UH biologists developing strategies to help regenerate heart muscle cell formation

UH biologists developing strategies to help regenerate heart muscle cell formation

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the U.S. With one in every four deaths occurring each year, the five-year survival rate after a heart attack is worse than most cancers. [More]
Researchers develop machine-learning program that helps identify hundreds of ASD-related genes

Researchers develop machine-learning program that helps identify hundreds of ASD-related genes

Investigators eager to uncover the genetic basis of autism could now have hundreds of promising new leads thanks to a study by Princeton University and Simons Foundation researchers. [More]
Researchers shed new light on roots of dystonia

Researchers shed new light on roots of dystonia

Researchers at VIB-KU Leuven have managed to get a clearer view on the roots of dystonia, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary twisting movements. [More]
Healthy adults who regularly exercise may be misdiagnosed with heart disease, study shows

Healthy adults who regularly exercise may be misdiagnosed with heart disease, study shows

Scientists have shown that people who exercise for even a few hours each week can enlarge their hearts. This is a normal and beneficial response to exercise, but until now has only been recognised in athletes. [More]
Researchers discover olfactory receptors in human muscle cells of bronchi

Researchers discover olfactory receptors in human muscle cells of bronchi

Researchers identified two types of olfactory receptors in human muscle cells of bronchi. If those receptors are activated by binding an odorant, bronchi dilate and contract - a potential approach for asthma therapy. [More]
UM SOM selected as study site for human safety trial of new Zika vaccine

UM SOM selected as study site for human safety trial of new Zika vaccine

As world leaders increasingly recognize the Zika virus as an international public health threat, the Center for Vaccine Development at the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Global Health has been chosen as one of three study sites in a human safety trial of a new Zika vaccine. [More]
Botulinum toxins may cause remote effects by moving between neurons

Botulinum toxins may cause remote effects by moving between neurons

The botulinum toxins are among the deadliest substances on Earth, and two specific toxins — including the popular drug Botox — have multiple uses for treating many neuromuscular conditions, including frown lines, disabling muscle spasms and migraine headaches. [More]
Proper technique, training can prevent shoulder injuries in elite and competitive swimmers

Proper technique, training can prevent shoulder injuries in elite and competitive swimmers

Elite and competitive swimmers log between 60,000 and 80,000 meters weekly--swimming the length of an Olympic-sized pool 1,200 times--which places significant stress on their shoulder joints. [More]
Sickle cell trait linked to increased risk of rhabdomyolysis among African American Soldiers

Sickle cell trait linked to increased risk of rhabdomyolysis among African American Soldiers

A new study published Aug. 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine indicates that among African American U.S. Army Soldiers, sickle cell trait is not associated with an increase in mortality, but is associated with a modest increase in the risk of exertional rhabdomyolysis. [More]
New Griffith study aims to determine optimum mode of exercise to improve bone strength of young women

New Griffith study aims to determine optimum mode of exercise to improve bone strength of young women

Young women may think osteoporosis is an older person’s problem but a new study at Griffith University is helping show them that prevention is better than cure. [More]
Sickle cell trait may not increase mortality risk

Sickle cell trait may not increase mortality risk

People who carry a gene for sickle cell disease do not appear to be at an increased risk of premature death, according to a study by researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine. [More]
Research findings may have implications for ALS and other neurological disorders

Research findings may have implications for ALS and other neurological disorders

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease) is a progressive disorder that devastates motor nerve cells. People diagnosed with ALS slowly lose the ability to control muscle movement, and are ultimately unable to speak, eat, move, or breathe. [More]
Some WADA-banned substances may have potential medical applications

Some WADA-banned substances may have potential medical applications

As the world awaits the start of the 2016 Summer Olympics, doping in athletes remains a hot topic. [More]
MIT scientists design new microfluidic device that mimics neuromuscular junction

MIT scientists design new microfluidic device that mimics neuromuscular junction

MIT engineers have developed a microfluidic device that replicates the neuromuscular junction -- the vital connection where nerve meets muscle. [More]
NIH launches clinical trial of experimental vaccine candidate for preventing Zika virus infection

NIH launches clinical trial of experimental vaccine candidate for preventing Zika virus infection

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, has launched a clinical trial of a vaccine candidate intended to prevent Zika virus infection. [More]
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