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New drug target could help prevent opioid tolerance and addiction

New drug target could help prevent opioid tolerance and addiction

Researchers have identified a brain mechanism that could be a drug target to help prevent tolerance and addiction to opioid pain medication, such as morphine, according to a study by Georgia State University and Emory University. [More]
Scientists discover novel African types of Salmonella linked to blood poisoning and death

Scientists discover novel African types of Salmonella linked to blood poisoning and death

The first global-scale genetic study of Salmonella Enteritidis bacteria, which is a major cause of blood poisoning and death in Africa and food poisoning in the Western World, has discovered that there are in fact three separate types. [More]
QUT molecular microbiologist developing new therapies to beat bacterial superbugs

QUT molecular microbiologist developing new therapies to beat bacterial superbugs

QUT molecular microbiologist Makrina Totsika is at the forefront of research to develop new therapies to beat multi-drug resistant bacteria. [More]
Common cold virus actually transmitted from camels to humans

Common cold virus actually transmitted from camels to humans

There are four globally endemic human coronaviruses which, together with the better known rhinoviruses, are responsible for causing common colds. Usually, infections with these viruses are harmless to humans. [More]
Research provides insight into how harmless nasal bacteria help protect from diseases

Research provides insight into how harmless nasal bacteria help protect from diseases

Staphylococcus aureus is a common colonizer of the human body. Although, one quarter of the U.S. population live with the bacteria and never get sick, having S. aureus present in the nostrils is a risk for infections that range in severity from mild skin to life- threatening MRSA infections. [More]
Researchers find new way to kill Staphylococcus aureus bacteria

Researchers find new way to kill Staphylococcus aureus bacteria

Scientists have discovered a new way to attack Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The team, from Imperial College London, have revealed how the bacteria regulates its salt levels. [More]
Study estimates health care costs of gastrointestinal illnesses in Switzerland

Study estimates health care costs of gastrointestinal illnesses in Switzerland

In Switzerland, between 300,000 and 700,000 patients per year visit a doctor due to acute diarrhoea. Until now, the financial burden on the Swiss health care system had been completely unclear. [More]
Drugs designed to target nervous system could control inflammation in the gut, study shows

Drugs designed to target nervous system could control inflammation in the gut, study shows

There's a reason it's called a gut feeling. The brain and the gut are connected by intricate neural networks that signal hunger and satiety, love and fear, even safety and danger. These networks employ myriad chemical signals that include dopamine, a powerful neurotransmitter most famous for its role in reward and addiction. [More]
Hygiene hypothesis: a misleading misnomer? An interview with Professor Sally Bloomfield

Hygiene hypothesis: a misleading misnomer? An interview with Professor Sally Bloomfield

Professor Strachan first proposed the hygiene hypothesis back in 1989. Reviewing the evidence, he suggested that one of the causes of the recent rapid rise in allergic diseases in children was lack of exposure to childhood infections [More]
Cardinals appear as super-suppressors protecting Atlanta residents from West Nile Virus

Cardinals appear as super-suppressors protecting Atlanta residents from West Nile Virus

A bird species that does a poor job spreading West Nile virus (WNV) but is particularly likely to get mosquito bites may explain why human infections with the disease are relatively uncommon in Atlanta, Georgia—despite evidence of high rates of virus circulating in the local bird population, according to a new study published online today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. [More]
SLCU research institute uses Quorum PP3010T Cryo-SEM preparation system for plant biology research

SLCU research institute uses Quorum PP3010T Cryo-SEM preparation system for plant biology research

Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on plant biology research at the Sainsbury Laboratory, Cambridge UK, where their PP3010T Cryo-SEM preparation system is in routine use. [More]
Study demonstrates significant reduction in severity of exercise-induced asthma following B-GOS consumption

Study demonstrates significant reduction in severity of exercise-induced asthma following B-GOS consumption

Clasado Biosciences Limited, the producers and suppliers of Bimuno(R) (B-GOS), a unique patented trans-galactooligosaccharide complex, today announces the publication of results for the latest clinical study using B-GOS. [More]
Plant sugar source can drive malaria transmission by modulating mosquito-Plasmodium interactions

Plant sugar source can drive malaria transmission by modulating mosquito-Plasmodium interactions

Female mosquitoes are well known blood-feeders, but they also consume sugar sources such as nectar, fruits and tree sap. [More]
New Valley Fever testing technology developed by TGen and NAU receives U.S. patent

New Valley Fever testing technology developed by TGen and NAU receives U.S. patent

Valley Fever, a potentially deadly dust-borne fungal disease, should be easier to diagnose and treat thanks to a testing technology developed by the Translational Genomics Research Institute and Northern Arizona University, and now protected by a patent issued today by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. [More]
Scientists reveal new transmission path for yaws

Scientists reveal new transmission path for yaws

Lesions on arms and legs, deformed faces - yaws is a tropical disease that infects the skin, bones and cartilage. It is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue [More]
GW researchers identify new way to regulate chronic toxoplasmosis

GW researchers identify new way to regulate chronic toxoplasmosis

New research critical to treatment for chronic toxoplasmosis, one of the most common parasitic diseases worldwide, was published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. [More]
New analysis reveals ways to reduce patient's risk of postoperative pneumonia after cardiac surgery

New analysis reveals ways to reduce patient's risk of postoperative pneumonia after cardiac surgery

Pneumonia is the most prevalent infection after open heart surgery, leading to longer hospital stays and lower odds of survival. [More]
Study identifies key risk factors involved in patient-to-patient transmission of drug-resistant bacteria

Study identifies key risk factors involved in patient-to-patient transmission of drug-resistant bacteria

Three key factors increase the risk for patient-to-patient transmission of an extremely drug-resistant bacteria known as CP-CRE, according to a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. [More]
Exposure to atmospheric dust, high temperatures can increase risk of bacterial meningitis

Exposure to atmospheric dust, high temperatures can increase risk of bacterial meningitis

Exposure to airborne dust and high temperatures are significant risk factors for bacterial meningitis, a new study by the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health has found. [More]
Macroecological approach could help predict emergence of new infectious diseases

Macroecological approach could help predict emergence of new infectious diseases

Ecologists at the University of Georgia are leading a global effort to predict where new infectious diseases are likely to emerge. In a paper published in Ecology Letters, they describe how macroecology—the study of ecological patterns and processes across broad scales of time and space—can provide valuable insights about disease. [More]
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