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Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Male brains appear to consume more energy than women when multitasking

Male brains appear to consume more energy than women when multitasking

It has long been known to science that women find it easier than men to multitask and switch between tasks. [More]
Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

According to the World Health Organization, 422 million adults across the globe have diabetes. In fact, the number of adults with the disease continues to grow each year. [More]
Sleep apnea compromises function of biological sensors that regulate blood pressure

Sleep apnea compromises function of biological sensors that regulate blood pressure

A single bout of sleep apnea impacts the human body's ability to regulate blood pressure. [More]
NYU Langone-led study to examine longer-term use of suppressive antiviral medication to reduce shingles

NYU Langone-led study to examine longer-term use of suppressive antiviral medication to reduce shingles

NYU Langone Medical Center will lead a five-year, 60-center clinical trial to evaluate new treatment protocols for herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO), a form of shingles that can seriously and permanently affect the eye. [More]
Exposure to e-cigarette vapor destroys large number of mouth cells

Exposure to e-cigarette vapor destroys large number of mouth cells

A large number of mouth cells exposed to e-cigarette vapor in the laboratory die within a few days, according to a study conducted by Université Laval researchers and published in the latest issue of Journal of Cellular Physiology. [More]
High-fat diet may have negative impact on maturation of the brain

High-fat diet may have negative impact on maturation of the brain

Junk food is a burgeoning problem for modern society: we literally have too much on our plate. Fatty and unhealthy foods are especially popular with young children and adolescents. They are often the cheapest and most convenient eating option. [More]
How toxic is your stress?

How toxic is your stress?

The term “stress” originates not in our minds or bodies, but from physics. It is the internal forces generated in an object in response to an external load. In the 1950s, Hans Selye adopted the term to characterize how living organisms change... [More]
New study sheds light on how immune system functions during sleep

New study sheds light on how immune system functions during sleep

A new study sheds light on how the immune system replenishes itself during sleep. Researchers found that some subsets of T cells are reduced from the bloodstream during sleep when risk of infection is low. [More]
Prenatal cigarette smoke exposure and high temperatures linked to increased SIDS risk

Prenatal cigarette smoke exposure and high temperatures linked to increased SIDS risk

Researchers are a step closer to understanding why cigarette smoke exposure during pregnancy may increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). [More]
Identifying foods that trigger IBS: an interview with Dr Bill Chey

Identifying foods that trigger IBS: an interview with Dr Bill Chey

IBS is a common medical condition which is diagnosed in the presence of characteristic gastrointestinal symptoms including recurring bouts of abdominal pain and diarrhea and/or constipation. IBS patients also commonly report bloating and abdominal distension or swelling. [More]
Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions of future offspring

Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions of future offspring

Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders, a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study has found. [More]
Gaumard to exhibit new OMNI 2 touch-screen wireless interface at AHA’s Scientific Sessions

Gaumard to exhibit new OMNI 2 touch-screen wireless interface at AHA’s Scientific Sessions

Gaumard Scientific Company will demonstrate how it is transforming CPR training with value-priced simulators and skills trainers into an intuitive tap-and-go experience when the new OMNI 2 touch-screen wireless interface is demonstrated at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions, November 13-15 in booth 2045 at the New Orleans Morial Convention Center. [More]
Researchers to explore movement signatures for detecting learning disability in children with autism

Researchers to explore movement signatures for detecting learning disability in children with autism

An Indiana University physicist and neuroscientist who studies how physical movement can be used to detect autism in children and adults has received support from the National Science Foundation. [More]
Bone gene in mammals may take additional role to promote cognition in humans

Bone gene in mammals may take additional role to promote cognition in humans

A gene that regulates bone growth and muscle metabolism in mammals may take on an additional role as a promoter of brain maturation, cognition and learning in human and nonhuman prim ates, according to a new study led by neurobiologists at Harvard Medical School. [More]
Researchers develop new blood test that can accurately diagnose concussions

Researchers develop new blood test that can accurately diagnose concussions

Scientists from Children's Health Research Institute, a program of Lawson Health Research Institute, and Western University have developed a new blood test that identifies with greater than 90 per cent certainty whether or not an adolescent athlete has suffered a concussion. [More]
Exercise may protect against dangers of weeklong overeating

Exercise may protect against dangers of weeklong overeating

Exercise protects fat tissue from changes in inflammation levels and fat metabolism caused by a week of overeating, a new study finds. University of Michigan researchers will present the results of their study today at the Integrative Biology of Exercise 7 meeting in Phoenix. [More]
UNC scientists find clue that may help explain why people differ in ability to survive arterial blockages

UNC scientists find clue that may help explain why people differ in ability to survive arterial blockages

Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have found a major clue that may explain why some people sustain relatively little damage from strokes or heart attacks despite severe arterial blockages. [More]
Physical activity during pregnancy may help protect offspring from age-related health risks

Physical activity during pregnancy may help protect offspring from age-related health risks

Exercise during pregnancy may be as effective in protecting the next generation from age-related health risks as efforts made during the offspring's own adulthood, new research suggests. [More]
Researchers create detailed blueprint of how the body transports zinc to maintain good health

Researchers create detailed blueprint of how the body transports zinc to maintain good health

Zinc is essential for wound healing, for vision, for DNA creation, for our senses of taste and smell, even for sexual health. But despite its importance, scientists have never fully understood the mechanism that moves the mineral through the body - until now. [More]
Vigorous, regular aerobic exercise boosts testosterone levels in overweight and obese men

Vigorous, regular aerobic exercise boosts testosterone levels in overweight and obese men

Twelve weeks of aerobic exercise significantly boosted testosterone levels in overweight and obese men, with the greatest increases seen among vigorous exercisers, according to research presented today at the Integrative Biology of Exercise 7 meeting in Phoenix. [More]
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