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Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Findings confirm importance of brain activity during sleep for memory strength and accuracy

Findings confirm importance of brain activity during sleep for memory strength and accuracy

The sense of smell might seem intuitive, almost something you take for granted. But researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center have found that memory of specific odors depends on the ability of the brain to learn, process and recall accurately and effectively during slow-wave sleep — a deep sleep characterized by slow brain waves. [More]
Obese people take less time to feel full than those of normal weight

Obese people take less time to feel full than those of normal weight

Obese people take less time to feel full than those of normal weight. Despite this, they consume more calories. A faster speed of eating could play an important role in obesity, according to a study funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation. [More]

Study shows spinal stimulation therapy may have potential to change prognosis of people with paralysis

Four people with paraplegia are able to voluntarily move previously paralyzed muscles as a result of a novel therapy that involves electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health and the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation. [More]

President of Ukrainian Osteoporosis Association wins CNS Medal for contribution to cause of osteoporosis prevention

​Today, Dr Vladyslav Povoroznyuk, President of the Ukrainian Osteoporosis Association, was awarded the first Committee of National Societies (CNS) Medal. The CNS Medal recognizes an individual CNS representative who has made an important contribution to the cause of osteoporosis prevention through active participation in CNS activities and by expanding IOF's messages and outreach in his/her country. [More]
Researchers receive President of Ireland Young Researcher Award from Science Foundation Ireland

Researchers receive President of Ireland Young Researcher Award from Science Foundation Ireland

President of Ireland, Michael D. Higgins, has today received three recipients of the Science Foundation Ireland, President of Ireland Young Researcher Award (PIYRA) at áras an Uachtaráin. [More]
Harvard stem cell scientists discover potential treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Harvard stem cell scientists discover potential treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Harvard stem cell scientists have discovered that a recently approved medication for epilepsy may possibly be a meaningful treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-Lou Gehrig's disease, a uniformly fatal neurodegenerative disorder. The researchers are now collaborating with Massachusetts General Hospital to design an initial clinical trial testing the safety of the treatment in ALS patients. [More]
UCSF/Daiichi Sankyo establish drug-discovery collaboration focused on neurodegenerative diseases

UCSF/Daiichi Sankyo establish drug-discovery collaboration focused on neurodegenerative diseases

Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. (hereafter, Daiichi Sankyo) and UC San Francisco (UCSF) announced today that they have established a drug-discovery collaboration focused on developing novel therapeutics and molecular diagnostics for multiple neurodegenerative diseases. [More]
Fourth Herbert A. Fleisch ESCEO-IOF Medal awarded to Belgian researcher at Ghent University Hospital

Fourth Herbert A. Fleisch ESCEO-IOF Medal awarded to Belgian researcher at Ghent University Hospital

​The 4th Herbert A. Fleisch ESCEO-IOF Medal was awarded today to eminent Belgian researcher Jean-Marc Kaufman, Professor of Medicine at the Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. [More]
New research reveals that immunization can trigger distinct change in body odor

New research reveals that immunization can trigger distinct change in body odor

​Our understanding of the role of body odor in conveying personal information continues to grow. New research from the Monell Chemical Senses Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reveals that immunization can trigger a distinct change in body odor. This is the first demonstration of a bodily odor change due to immune activation. [More]
Drinking two or more cups of coffee each day reduces risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%

Drinking two or more cups of coffee each day reduces risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%

New research reveals that consuming two or more cups of coffee each day reduces the risk of death from liver cirrhosis by 66%, specifically cirrhosis caused by non-viral hepatitis. Findings in Hepatology, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that tea, fruit juice, and soft drink consumption are not linked to cirrhosis mortality risk. As with previous studies heavy alcohol use was found to increase risk of death from cirrhosis. [More]
Expert in gene therapy joins The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Expert in gene therapy joins The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Beverly L. Davidson, Ph.D., a nationally prominent expert in gene therapy, is joining The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) today. [More]
Northwestern University awarded NIH grant to conduct phase III Parkinson's neuroprotective study

Northwestern University awarded NIH grant to conduct phase III Parkinson's neuroprotective study

Tanya Simuni, M.D., medical director of Northwestern University's Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center, was awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct a $16 million phase III study of the safety and efficacy of the drug isradipine as a potential neuroprotective agent in Parkinson's disease. [More]
High levels of GDNF protein could help body resist weight gain despite high-fat diet

High levels of GDNF protein could help body resist weight gain despite high-fat diet

​More than one-third of people in the US are obese. Obesity and its related health problems-including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, insulin resistance, and belly fat-affect so many, yet effective treatments are very few. [More]

Sodium pump plays vital role in nerve impulses, heartbeats and muscular contraction

A study in The Journal of General Physiology provides new evidence that the ubiquitous sodium pump is more complex-and more versatile-than we thought. [More]

Western University researchers study causes of childhood concussions in rural and urban areas

Researchers at Western University (London, Canada) have found youth living in rural areas are more likely to sustain concussions from injuries involving motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes, whereas youth living in urban areas suffer concussions mostly as a result of sports. [More]
Newly identified protein markers have potential to contribute to better understanding of heart disease

Newly identified protein markers have potential to contribute to better understanding of heart disease

Researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah, have discovered that elevated levels of two recently identified proteins in the body are inflammatory markers and indicators of the presence of cardiovascular disease. [More]
Potassium boost improves walking, prolongs survival in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Potassium boost improves walking, prolongs survival in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Tweaking a specific cell type's ability to absorb potassium in the brain improved walking and prolonged survival in a mouse model of Huntington's disease, reports a UCLA study published March 30 in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. The discovery could point to new drug targets for treating the devastating disease, which strikes one in every 20,000 Americans. [More]
Experts in brain and spinal cord injuries to discuss treatment approaches at 23rd Annual Meeting of AMSSM

Experts in brain and spinal cord injuries to discuss treatment approaches at 23rd Annual Meeting of AMSSM

Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and spinal cord injuries are complex problems that can present with a variety of symptoms or sequelae. [More]
Study links effect of gastric bypass surgery on glucose metabolism and islet function in hypoglycemia patients

Study links effect of gastric bypass surgery on glucose metabolism and islet function in hypoglycemia patients

University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers have discovered that altered islet cell function and reduced insulin clearance contribute to excessive post-meal insulin response in patients experiencing low blood sugar symptoms (hypoglycemia) following gastric bypass surgery. [More]
Rosa/KressWorks Foundation completes first milestone in development of Ewing's sarcoma PhysioPD Platform

Rosa/KressWorks Foundation completes first milestone in development of Ewing's sarcoma PhysioPD Platform

Rosa & Co. LLC and the KressWorks Foundation are pleased to announce the completion of the Ewing's sarcoma PhysioMap®. Completion of the PhysioMap is the first milestone in the development of the Ewing's sarcoma PhysioPD Platform. [More]