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A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes" or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted.
Illness-linked genetic variation affects connections among neurons in the developing brain

Illness-linked genetic variation affects connections among neurons in the developing brain

A genetic variation linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression wreaks havoc on connections among neurons in the developing brain, a team of researchers reports. [More]
Assessing stroke survivors for medication self-administration ability may predict memory disorder

Assessing stroke survivors for medication self-administration ability may predict memory disorder

Kessler stroke researchers and colleagues have identified an association between over-optimistic estimation of one's own ability to take medications accurately, and memory loss among stroke survivors. [More]
New therapeutic strategy to combat common genetic risk factor for ALS, FTD

New therapeutic strategy to combat common genetic risk factor for ALS, FTD

A team of researchers at Mayo Clinic and The Scripps Research Institute in Florida have developed a new therapeutic strategy to combat the most common genetic risk factor for the neurodegenerative disorders amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). [More]
NTU research could lead to better treatment options for children suffering from leukaemia

NTU research could lead to better treatment options for children suffering from leukaemia

A research team led by Nanyang Technological University scientists have made a key finding which is expected to open up improved treatment possibilities for children suffering from leukaemia. [More]
Severe obstructive sleep apnea associated with elevated blood pressure despite medication use

Severe obstructive sleep apnea associated with elevated blood pressure despite medication use

A new study shows a strong association between severe, untreated obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of elevated blood pressure despite the use of high blood pressure medications. [More]
Researchers show effects of increased and decreased sodium intake on blood pressure

Researchers show effects of increased and decreased sodium intake on blood pressure

Two reports from a global collaborative study involving hundreds of investigators from 18 countries published today in the New England Journal of Medicine are shaking up conventional wisdom around salt consumption. [More]
Injections of anaerobic bacteria can shrink tumors in rats, dogs and human

Injections of anaerobic bacteria can shrink tumors in rats, dogs and human

Deep within most tumors lie areas that remain untouched by chemotherapy and radiation. These troublesome spots lack the blood and oxygen needed for traditional therapies to work, but provide the perfect target for a new cancer treatment using bacteria that thrive in oxygen-poor conditions. [More]
Findings open up improved treatment possibilities for children suffering from leukaemia

Findings open up improved treatment possibilities for children suffering from leukaemia

A research team led by Nanyang Technological University (NTU) scientists have made a key finding which is expected to open up improved treatment possibilities for children suffering from leukaemia. [More]
Research and planning to meet health needs of people living with HIV

Research and planning to meet health needs of people living with HIV

As effective treatments for HIV become more widely available in low- and middle-income countries, there's an urgent need to assess and manage health risks in the growing number of people living with HIV. [More]
Reducing brain levels of tau protein effectively blocks development of childhood epilepsy

Reducing brain levels of tau protein effectively blocks development of childhood epilepsy

Researchers at the Gladstone Institutes have shown that reducing brain levels of the protein tau effectively blocks the development of disease in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome, a severe intractable form of childhood epilepsy. [More]
iTAKL study receives $3.8 million NIH grant to examine effects of head impacts in youth league football

iTAKL study receives $3.8 million NIH grant to examine effects of head impacts in youth league football

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has received a $3.8 million, five-year grant from the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health, to continue studying the effects of head impacts in youth league football. [More]
Heart attack survivors who exercise vigorously are at increased risk of cardiovascular deaths

Heart attack survivors who exercise vigorously are at increased risk of cardiovascular deaths

There is strong epidemiological evidence of the importance of regular physical activity, such as brisk walking and jogging, in the management and rehabilitation of cardiovascular disease and in lowering the risk of death from other diseases such as hypertension, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. [More]

Rehabilitation treatment improves motor function in stroke patients

With effective rehabilitation, stroke patients can partially regain their motor control and continue their activities of daily living. [More]
Measure Up/Pressure Down campaign improves high blood pressure control in 205,000 patients

Measure Up/Pressure Down campaign improves high blood pressure control in 205,000 patients

Medical groups participating in Measure Up/Pressure Down®, a national hypertension campaign, improved detection or control of high blood pressure for 205,000 Americans living with the disease in the first 12 months of the campaign, the American Medical Group Foundation (AMGF) announced today. [More]
Delay in correcting abnormal cardiac rhythm linked with greater risk of thromboembolic complications

Delay in correcting abnormal cardiac rhythm linked with greater risk of thromboembolic complications

A delay of 12 hours or longer to correct an abnormal cardiac rhythm from atrial fibrillation was associated with a greater risk of thromboembolic complications such as stroke, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA. [More]
Experiencing atrial fibrillation while hospitalized linked with increased long-term risk of stroke

Experiencing atrial fibrillation while hospitalized linked with increased long-term risk of stroke

In a study that included 1.7 million patients undergoing inpatient surgery, experiencing atrial fibrillation while hospitalized was associated with an increased long-term risk of ischemic stroke, especially following noncardiac surgery, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA. [More]
Treatments that involve neck manipulation may be linked with strokes

Treatments that involve neck manipulation may be linked with strokes

Treatments that involve neck manipulation may be associated with strokes, although this association is not proven, according to an American Heart Association Scientific Statement written by lead author Dr. Jose Biller of Loyola University Medical Center and other stroke experts. [More]
Study: Brain tumors hijack the brain's existing blood supply during progression

Study: Brain tumors hijack the brain's existing blood supply during progression

Dangerous brain tumors hijack the brain's existing blood supply throughout their progression, by growing only within narrow potential spaces between and along the brain's thousands of small blood vessels, new research shows for the first time. [More]
Study examines the influence of unexpected task constraint on voluntary task switching

Study examines the influence of unexpected task constraint on voluntary task switching

Kessler Foundation scientists have published results of cognitive research that show the negative effects that unexpected task constraint, following self-generated task choice, has on task-switching performance. [More]
Scientists identify long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis

Scientists identify long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis

Scientists at the Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry (IFIB) have collaborated with colleagues from the Department of Pharmacy and the Department of Dermatology of the University of Tübingen to identify a long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis. [More]