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Brain scientists map changes in communication between nerve cells in rats

Brain scientists map changes in communication between nerve cells in rats

Lights, sound, action: we are constantly learning how to incorporate outside sensations into our reactions in specific situations. In a new study, brain scientists have mapped changes in communication between nerve cells as rats learned to make specific decisions in response to particular sounds. The team then used this map to accurately predict the rats' reactions. These results add to our understanding of how the brain processes sensations and forms memories to inform behavior. [More]
Study associates heart function with development of Alzheimer's disease

Study associates heart function with development of Alzheimer's disease

A healthier heart could prevent Alzheimer's disease, according to new research at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. [More]
NeuroPerspective features comprehensive reviews of schizophrenia, spinal cord injury

NeuroPerspective features comprehensive reviews of schizophrenia, spinal cord injury

NI Research has released the March/April issue of NeuroPerspective, which features comprehensive reviews of two major areas: Schizophrenia and Spinal cord injury. [More]
Damon Runyon holds fourth annual Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium

Damon Runyon holds fourth annual Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium

Today, the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation held the fourth annual Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium. The yearly meeting is designed to encourage collaboration between cancer researchers in industry and their counterparts in academia in order to overcome many of the issues that currently impede progress against cancer. [More]
Scientists produce cartilage from embryonic stem cells

Scientists produce cartilage from embryonic stem cells

Scientists have succeeded in producing cartilage formed from embryonic stem cells that could in future be used to treat the painful joint condition osteoarthritis. [More]
TSRI researchers show how ABC transporters cause multidrug resistance

TSRI researchers show how ABC transporters cause multidrug resistance

Cancer patients fear the possibility that one day their cells might start rendering many different chemotherapy regimens ineffective. This phenomenon, called multidrug resistance, leads to tumors that defy treatment. [More]
MD Anderson scientists show why some brain cancer patients develop resistance to treatments

MD Anderson scientists show why some brain cancer patients develop resistance to treatments

Scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center may have discovered why some brain cancer patients develop resistance to standard treatments including radiation and the chemotherapy agent temozolomide. [More]
Investigational drug may attack cause of vaso-occlusion crises in sickle cell anemia

Investigational drug may attack cause of vaso-occlusion crises in sickle cell anemia

Treatment for painful episodes of blood vessel obstruction in sickle cell anemia is currently limited to controlling pain, but an investigational therapy might be able to interfere with the underlying cause of these events, known as vaso-occlusion crises, researchers at Duke Medicine report. [More]

Some health plans violate federal law requiring equal benefits for mental health care

One-quarter of the health plans being sold on health insurance exchanges set up through the Affordable Care Act offer benefits that appear to violate a federal law requiring equal benefits for general medical and mental health care, according to new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. [More]
New report: Prevalence of CKD in the U.S. projected to increase 16.7% by 2030

New report: Prevalence of CKD in the U.S. projected to increase 16.7% by 2030

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) will rise in the United States, according to a new report led by RTI International and published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases during March's National Kidney Month. [More]
Existing drug could help treat MS, other neurological diseases

Existing drug could help treat MS, other neurological diseases

Damage to myelin, the fatty insulator that enables communication between nerve cells, characterizes multiple sclerosis (MS) and other devastating neurological diseases. [More]
Texas Tech University professor receives CPRIT grants to study movement of tumor cells

Texas Tech University professor receives CPRIT grants to study movement of tumor cells

Siva Vanapalli, an associate professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering, at Texas Tech University, recently received two grants from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas to study the movement of tumor cells throughout the body and new methods of detecting cancer cells. [More]
New guidelines advise nearly all women, people with AFib to take blood thinners

New guidelines advise nearly all women, people with AFib to take blood thinners

Nearly all women and people over 65 in the U.S. with atrial fibrillation are advised to take blood thinners under new guidelines based on an analysis from the Duke Clinical Research Institute. [More]
TREM2 protein may help slow progression of multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease

TREM2 protein may help slow progression of multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease

Highlighting a potential target in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that triggering a protein found on the surface of brain cells may help slow the progression of these and other neurological diseases. [More]
Study findings raise questions about additional value of cancer care in the U.S.

Study findings raise questions about additional value of cancer care in the U.S.

Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, Samir Soneji, PhD of Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice has found. [More]
Extending use of bupropion before quitting reduces smoking behavior

Extending use of bupropion before quitting reduces smoking behavior

Smokers may be more likely to successfully quit their habit if simple adjustments were made to how an existing anti-smoking medication is prescribed, according to a new study by a University at Buffalo research team. [More]
New poll finds pain as key correlates of shorter sleep durations, worse sleep quality

New poll finds pain as key correlates of shorter sleep durations, worse sleep quality

A new poll by the National Sleep Foundation finds that pain is a key factor in the gap between the amount of sleep Americans say they need and the amount they're getting - an average 42 minute sleep debt for those with chronic pain and 14 minutes for those who've suffered from acute pain in the past week. [More]
BUSM researchers discover genes involved in formation of lung tumors

BUSM researchers discover genes involved in formation of lung tumors

The lung transcription factor Nkx2-1 is an important gene regulating lung formation and normal respiratory functions after birth. Alterations in the expression of this transcription factor can lead to diseases such as lung interstitial disease, post-natal respiratory distress and lung cancer. [More]
People prone to high anxiety make bad decisions under uncertainties of life

People prone to high anxiety make bad decisions under uncertainties of life

Highly anxious people have more trouble deciding how best to handle life's uncertainties. They may even catastrophize, interpreting, say, a lovers' tiff as a doomed relationship or a workplace change as a career threat. [More]
Experts review diagnostic approaches to treat obstructive coronary artery disease in women

Experts review diagnostic approaches to treat obstructive coronary artery disease in women

Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in women often presents with different types of symptoms than in men and can be challenging to diagnose due to a variety of factors. A national panel of experts convened to review the latest evidence regarding CAD in women, diagnostic approaches, and new types of tests and technologies. [More]