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Transition to family foods drives development of infant gut microbiota

Transition to family foods drives development of infant gut microbiota

After the age of nine months, the development of the infant gut microbiota is driven by the transition to family foods, not maternal obesity, according to results from a new study. The study was published online this week in mSphere, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. [More]
TAU research highlights neuroprotective potential of protein-protectant drug candidate SKIP

TAU research highlights neuroprotective potential of protein-protectant drug candidate SKIP

Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP), essential for brain formation, is frequently mutated in children on the autism spectrum. In older men and women, ADNP expression in the blood is correlated with cognition and further altered in Alzheimer's disease. [More]
Novel test could help get best treatment for advanced bowel cancer patients

Novel test could help get best treatment for advanced bowel cancer patients

A NEW test could help patients with advanced bowel cancer get the best treatment for their disease, according to a Cancer Research UK clinical trial published today (Thursday) in JAMA Oncology. [More]
Scientists find that daily dose of beetroot juice significantly improves exercise endurance, blood pressure

Scientists find that daily dose of beetroot juice significantly improves exercise endurance, blood pressure

Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have found that a daily dose of beetroot juice significantly improved exercise endurance and blood pressure in elderly patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). [More]
Study: High-cholesterol diet or eating eggs do not increase risk of cardiovascular diseases

Study: High-cholesterol diet or eating eggs do not increase risk of cardiovascular diseases

A new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that a relatively high intake of dietary cholesterol, or eating one egg every day, are not associated with an elevated risk of incident coronary heart disease. Furthermore, no association was found among those with the APOE4 phenotype, which affects cholesterol metabolism and is common among the Finnish population. [More]
Study identifies FGF21 protein as potential therapeutic agent for cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes

Study identifies FGF21 protein as potential therapeutic agent for cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes

New research on the blood lipid-lowering protein FGF21 shows how it redistributes fatty acids by two distinct mechanisms. The discovery could lead to improved pharmaceutical treatment for type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related diseases. [More]
GEMS project to explore events leading to MS in at-risk individuals

GEMS project to explore events leading to MS in at-risk individuals

A team of investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS). By focusing on first-degree family members of MS patients, the research team seeks to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease. [More]
West Cancer Center introduces promising new treatment method for brain cancer patients

West Cancer Center introduces promising new treatment method for brain cancer patients

Brain Cancer patients in the Mid-South now have a promising new treatment method at West Cancer Center. Optune™, a portable device using low intensity electric fields to inhibit cancer cell replication causing death of cancer cells, is the first FDA-approved therapy in more than a decade to show a significant extension in overall survival rates for newly diagnosed adult Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) patients. [More]
New initiative aims to improve access to PTSD research

New initiative aims to improve access to PTSD research

Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing (SCAI), Cohen Veterans Bioscience and Exaptive Inc. today announced a new initiative to improve access to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) research. The creation of a PTSD KnowledgeMap 
will systematize the current PTSD research space and provide interactive tools for scientists and others studying PTSD. [More]
Apps that test visual function at home can identify vision problems long before traditional tests

Apps that test visual function at home can identify vision problems long before traditional tests

Apps that test visual function at home can discover deterioration of the eye's macula lutea long before traditional vision tests. A doctoral thesis at Sahlgrenska Academy explored this issue. [More]
Yale Cancer Center researchers identify cause of myeloma

Yale Cancer Center researchers identify cause of myeloma

Yale Cancer Center researchers have identified what causes a third of all myelomas, a type of cancer affecting plasma cells. The findings, published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, could fundamentally change the way this cancer and others are treated. [More]
Simple physics may play key role in helping the body to fight infection

Simple physics may play key role in helping the body to fight infection

Simple physics may play a larger role than previously thought in helping control key bodily processes - such as how the body fights infection. [More]
Alcohol appears to impair the body's ability to keep gut bacteria in check

Alcohol appears to impair the body's ability to keep gut bacteria in check

Alcohol itself can directly damage liver cells. Now researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report evidence that alcohol is also harmful to the liver for a second reason — it allows gut bacteria to migrate to the liver, promoting alcohol-induced liver disease. [More]
Enhancing quality of life for people with serious illnesses

Enhancing quality of life for people with serious illnesses

Being diagnosed with a potentially life-threatening illness is distressing enough but a dearth of cohesive services often compounds the difficulty, according to an NAU researcher. [More]
Review of EAS cases among patients with psychiatric conditions in the Netherlands

Review of EAS cases among patients with psychiatric conditions in the Netherlands

A review of euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) cases among patients with psychiatric disorders in the Netherlands found that most had chronic, severe conditions, with histories of attempted suicides and hospitalizations, and were described as socially isolated or lonely, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry. [More]
Penn investigators explore new treatment option for cocaine dependence

Penn investigators explore new treatment option for cocaine dependence

In the ongoing fight against drug addiction, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Nursing and Perelman School of Medicine have discovered a unique application for an FDA-approved drug currently used for obese patients and type 2 diabetics: treatment for cocaine dependence. [More]
Study finds significant variation in dementia incidence among ethnic and racial groups

Study finds significant variation in dementia incidence among ethnic and racial groups

In the largest and longest study thus far of ethnic disparities in dementia risk, researchers compared six ethnic and racial groups within the same geographic population and found significant variation in dementia incidence among them. [More]
Cardiac MRI imaging assesses myocardial damage

Cardiac MRI imaging assesses myocardial damage

In a world-first, researchers from Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) have performed cardiac MRI imaging using a 7T MRI scanner in a patient-based study. [More]
Study provides new insight into how drug addicts' brains wired differently

Study provides new insight into how drug addicts' brains wired differently

A study out today provides new insight into how the brains of drug addicts may be wired differently. The findings, which appear in the journal Psychopharmacology, show that while drug users have very strong motivation to seek out "rewards," they exhibit an impaired ability to adjust their behavior and are less fulfilled once they have achieved what they desire. [More]
Researchers devise lipid-based diets to relieve symptoms of Alzheimer's disease

Researchers devise lipid-based diets to relieve symptoms of Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer´s disease (AD) is the most common disease underlying memory problems and dementia in the elderly. One of the invariable pathologies in AD is degeneration of cholinergic synapses in brain cortex and hippocampus. [More]
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