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Four weeks of prehabilitation may help cancer patients to get in shape for surgery, study suggests

Four weeks of prehabilitation may help cancer patients to get in shape for surgery, study suggests

Just four weeks of prehabilitation may be enough to help some cancer patients get in shape for surgery. [More]
Hallucinogenic drug offers relief for people with cancer-related anxiety or depression

Hallucinogenic drug offers relief for people with cancer-related anxiety or depression

In a small double-blind study, Johns Hopkins researchers report that a substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic "magic mushrooms." [More]
Delay in giving adrenaline shots after cardiac arrest lowers survival rates of patients

Delay in giving adrenaline shots after cardiac arrest lowers survival rates of patients

Hospitals in which the administration of epinephrine to patients whose hearts have stopped is delayed beyond five minutes have significantly lower survival rates of those patients, a new study led by a cardiologist at UT Southwestern Medical Center finds. [More]
Report reveals hospitalization, mortality rates for kidney disease patients continue to decrease in the U.S.

Report reveals hospitalization, mortality rates for kidney disease patients continue to decrease in the U.S.

According to an annual data report from the United States Renal Data System, hospitalization and mortality rates for patients with chronic kidney disease continue to decline in the U.S. [More]
Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Working with human immune cells in the laboratory, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a critical cellular "off" switch for the inflammatory immune response that contributes to lung-constricting asthma attacks. [More]
AAOS: Shoulder replacement surgeries skyrocketing nationally

AAOS: Shoulder replacement surgeries skyrocketing nationally

The number of shoulder replacement surgeries has skyrocketed nationally and at Loyola University Medical Center as technology improves and aging Baby Boomers seek to relieve pain and restore function to arthritic shoulders. [More]
New UGA research finds pathogen's motility activates immune response

New UGA research finds pathogen's motility activates immune response

Until now, a pathogen's ability to move through the body has been overlooked as a possible trigger of immune response, but new research from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine found that motility will indeed alarm the host and activate an immune response. [More]
Simple exercise program improves walking performance and quality of life in dialysis patients

Simple exercise program improves walking performance and quality of life in dialysis patients

In a recent study, a simple exercise program carried out at home improved dialysis patients' walking performance and quality of life. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. [More]
UC San Diego scientists reveal surprising role for Hippo pathway in subduing tumor immunogenicity

UC San Diego scientists reveal surprising role for Hippo pathway in subduing tumor immunogenicity

Previous studies identified the Hippo pathway kinases LATS1/2 as a tumor suppressor, but new research led by University of California San Diego School of Medicine scientists reveals a surprising role for these enzymes in subduing cancer immunity. The findings, published in Cell on December 1, could have a clinical role in improving efficiency of immunotherapy drugs. [More]
Cigarette smoking may lead to fibrosis in the heart and kidneys, study reveals

Cigarette smoking may lead to fibrosis in the heart and kidneys, study reveals

Smoking may lead to fibrosis in the heart and kidneys and can worsen existing kidney disease, according to a new study. [More]
Scientists discover molecular link between rare childhood genetic disease and major cancer gene

Scientists discover molecular link between rare childhood genetic disease and major cancer gene

A team of researchers led by a University of Rhode Island scientist has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease, Fanconi anemia, and a major cancer gene called PTEN. [More]
New three-dimensional map of cystic fibrosis protein offers new insights to treating fatal disease

New three-dimensional map of cystic fibrosis protein offers new insights to treating fatal disease

Rockefeller scientists have created the first three-dimensional map of the protein responsible for cystic fibrosis, an inherited disease for which there is no cure. [More]
Cluster signaling mechanism causes T cells to turn pathogenic in multiple sclerosis, research shows

Cluster signaling mechanism causes T cells to turn pathogenic in multiple sclerosis, research shows

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the patient's own cells. [More]
Protective barrier inside chromosomes helps prevent errors during cell division, study finds

Protective barrier inside chromosomes helps prevent errors during cell division, study finds

Fresh insights into the structures that contain our genetic material could explain how the body's cells stay healthy. [More]
New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

New study finds genetic link between Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline

Although the hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) - such as involuntary shaking, slowness of movement and muscle rigidity - are related to movement, recent evidence has suggested that memory impairment plays an outsized role in diminished quality of life and the burden placed on caregivers. [More]
OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

A new scientific discovery may provide a future avenue for treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease. [More]
New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments. [More]
Experts explore if DXA-derived measurements could predict fracture risk in diabetic patients

Experts explore if DXA-derived measurements could predict fracture risk in diabetic patients

Increased risk of fracture has been shown to be one of the complications arising from longstanding diabetes. With the worldwide increase in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), in part due to aging populations, there is also increasing concern about how to identify and manage patients with diabetes who are at high risk of osteoporotic fracture. [More]
Bone density could be one of early indicators of brain degeneration in Alzheimer's disease

Bone density could be one of early indicators of brain degeneration in Alzheimer's disease

Researchers at NEOMED have just identified a major connection between areas of the brainstem - the ancient area that controls mood, sleep and metabolism - and detrimental changes to bone in a preclinical model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). [More]
TSRI scientists discover potential drug candidate to suppress pain and itch

TSRI scientists discover potential drug candidate to suppress pain and itch

In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a possible drug candidate that suppresses pain and itch in animal models. [More]
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