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New study to explore mechanisms responsible for taste changes following RYGB, diet-induced obesity

New study to explore mechanisms responsible for taste changes following RYGB, diet-induced obesity

Currently, one of the most effective surgical methods for treating obesity is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, which limits the amount of food and drink that can be ingested at one time and the amount of calories and nutrients absorbed through the intestinal tract. An unintended side effect of RYGB is that it reduces the patient's taste for sweet and fatty foods—but there is no scientific explanation for why these taste changes occur. [More]
Weight loss through lifestyle modifications, bariatric surgery can reduce features of NASH

Weight loss through lifestyle modifications, bariatric surgery can reduce features of NASH

Weight loss through both lifestyle modification and bariatric surgery can significantly reduce features of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a disease characterized by fat in the liver, according to two new studies published in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association. [More]
Simple procedure with nasal balloon can reduce impact of hearing loss in children

Simple procedure with nasal balloon can reduce impact of hearing loss in children

For children with a common middle-ear problem, a simple procedure with a nasal balloon can reduce the impact of hearing loss and avoid unnecessary and ineffective use of antibiotics, according to a new study led by researchers from the University of Southampton. [More]
Rutgers physicians use new treatments to restore teenager’s life

Rutgers physicians use new treatments to restore teenager’s life

At first, 13-year-old Christina Blumstein thought she had an ordinary headache. She and her parents were returning from a visit to Long Island in July 2014 when the pain struck. Was it a bout of carsickness? Too much screen time on her iPad? But a few hours later, back home in Old Bridge, New Jersey, her mother MaryAnn says, "Christina started screaming that somebody was stabbing her in the head with a knife." Soon afterward Christina was comatose and in an ambulance - and her life was in grave danger. [More]

First holography scanning device significantly reduces denture-fitting time

Dentures, known as false teeth, are prosthetics constructed to replace missing teeth. Fitting removable dentures is a long and painful process in which a patient has to visit the clinic multiple times so that soft and hard plastic material, resembling silly putty, can be used to take exact measurements of her mouth. [More]
Reduced pain, disability predict satisfaction after spine surgery

Reduced pain, disability predict satisfaction after spine surgery

Patient satisfaction ratings after surgery for spinal degenerative disease—especially in terms of reduced pain and disability—are a good indicator of the procedure's effectiveness, reports a study in the August issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. [More]
Higher case volume linked with improved outcomes for catheter-based blood clot removal in LE-DVT patients

Higher case volume linked with improved outcomes for catheter-based blood clot removal in LE-DVT patients

Patients who have lower extremity proximal deep vein thrombosis (LE-DVT), or a blood clot in their leg, are increasingly undergoing minimally invasive catheter-based blood clot removal - also referred to as catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) - rather than solely being treated with traditional blood-thinning medications (anticoagulation alone). [More]
'Watch' issued to help surgeons reduce potential risks associated with all-inside meniscal repairs

'Watch' issued to help surgeons reduce potential risks associated with all-inside meniscal repairs

JBJS Case Connector, an online case report journal published by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, has issued a "Watch" regarding potential risks with anchor-based all-inside meniscal repairs. While all-inside techniques have many advantages, including shorter surgical time and reduced risk of damage to neurovascular tissues, potential drawbacks include risks of local soft-tissue irritation and implant migration or breakage. [More]
Vanderbilt researchers hope to give new dexterity to needlescopic surgery with tiny mechanical wrist

Vanderbilt researchers hope to give new dexterity to needlescopic surgery with tiny mechanical wrist

With the flick of a tiny mechanical wrist, a team of engineers and doctors at Vanderbilt University's Medical Engineering and Discovery Laboratory hope to give needlescopic surgery a whole new degree of dexterity. [More]
Stem cell transplantation improves outcomes in children with rare form of chronic blood cancer

Stem cell transplantation improves outcomes in children with rare form of chronic blood cancer

Researchers in the Division of Hematology, Oncology and Blood & Marrow Transplantation at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown greatly improved outcomes in using stem cell transplantation to treat patients with a serious but very rare form of chronic blood cancer called juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). [More]
Moffitt researchers develop genetic test that analyzes sensitivity of tumors to radiation therapy

Moffitt researchers develop genetic test that analyzes sensitivity of tumors to radiation therapy

Recent advances in the understanding of cancer have led to more personalized therapies, such as drugs that target particular proteins and tests that analyze gene expression patterns in tumors to predict a patient's response to therapy. [More]
Less invasive endovascular aortic repair benefits most patients, provides quick recovery

Less invasive endovascular aortic repair benefits most patients, provides quick recovery

Each year, nearly 40,000 Americans undergo elective surgery to repair an abdominal aortic aneurysm with the goal of preventing a life-threatening rupture of this potentially dangerous cardiovascular condition. [More]
New review article analyzes pros and cons of different treatment approaches to gallbladder disease

New review article analyzes pros and cons of different treatment approaches to gallbladder disease

More than 25 million Americans have gallstones, and each year about 1 million new cases are diagnosed. Each year about 1.8 million people develop abdominal pain as a result of gallstones and go see a doctor about it. About 40 percent of these, more than 725,000 people a year, ultimately have surgery to resolve the problem. [More]
Additional radiation to surrounding lymph nodes provides added benefit to breast cancer patients

Additional radiation to surrounding lymph nodes provides added benefit to breast cancer patients

A study has found no increase in overall survival but a reduction in breast cancer recurrence when additional radiation is given to the lymph nodes as well as the standard treatment of whole-breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery. [More]
New, nontoxic surgical glue helps heal wounds without scar or inflammation

New, nontoxic surgical glue helps heal wounds without scar or inflammation

One of the most basic yet important surgical skills to keep a patient alive and intact may be closing wounds. It seems that doctors will now get the job done with more ease thanks to new, nontoxic surgical glue that instantly seals a bleeding wound and helps it heal without a scar or inflammation. [More]
Avita Medical’s unique regenerative technology offers hope for burn victims

Avita Medical’s unique regenerative technology offers hope for burn victims

Avita Medical Ltd., a medical device company specializing in the treatment of wounds and skin defects, today said a branch of the U.S. Military says the U.S. Department of Defense ‘wants to use’ the company’s ReCell technology, which it described as offering a possible ‘paradigm shift’ in skin injury treatment. [More]
New orthobiologics products can benefit both patients and surgeons

New orthobiologics products can benefit both patients and surgeons

Autografts, the gold standard of bone grafts, have several limitations. As a result, new orthobiologics products are being developed for the benefit of patients as well as surgeons. [More]
TTP’s elastography imaging technology provides vital diagnostic information during surgery

TTP’s elastography imaging technology provides vital diagnostic information during surgery

The Technology Partnership plc, a leading UK-based research and product development company, has made major advances in the use of elastography, a medical imaging technique that maps the elastic properties of soft tissue to provide vital diagnostic information during surgery. [More]
HeartWare announces initiation of MVAD System CE Mark international clinical trial

HeartWare announces initiation of MVAD System CE Mark international clinical trial

HeartWare International, Inc., a leading innovator of less invasive, miniaturized circulatory support technologies that are revolutionizing the treatment of advanced heart failure, today announced commencement of its MVAD System CE Mark international clinical trial. [More]
Alternative limb-lengthening technique makes recovery process less cumbersome

Alternative limb-lengthening technique makes recovery process less cumbersome

A highly specialized procedure that lengthens bones can prevent the need for amputations in selected patients who have suffered severe fractures. [More]
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