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Study reveals new molecular mechanism that helps protect genome from harmful effect of UV radiations

Study reveals new molecular mechanism that helps protect genome from harmful effect of UV radiations

Researchers have uncovered a new molecular mechanism whereby human cells protect their genome from the detrimental effect of UV radiation and govern DNA replication in cellular mitosis, which, when it malfunctions, leads to harmful results. [More]
Strategy-based cognitive training improves cognitive, psychological health after traumatic brain injury

Strategy-based cognitive training improves cognitive, psychological health after traumatic brain injury

In the first study of its kind, veterans and civilians with traumatic brain injury showed improved cognitive performance and psychological and neural health following strategy-based cognitive training. The Department of Defense-funded study, published this week in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, was conducted by an interdisciplinary team of cognitive neuroscientists, rehabilitation specialists, and neuroimaging experts from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. [More]
UCLA researchers successfully measure liver function in potential organ donors using finger-probe device

UCLA researchers successfully measure liver function in potential organ donors using finger-probe device

A portable, finger-probe device successfully measured liver function in brain dead adult organ donors, a finding that could change the way organs are assessed and save thousands of dollars per transplant, a UCLA study has found. [More]
MIT researchers find neural circuit that appears to cause decision-making in approach-avoidance conflict

MIT researchers find neural circuit that appears to cause decision-making in approach-avoidance conflict

Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job in a city far from family and friends, versus choosing to stay put with less pay. [More]
Rapid-deployment plasma protocol helps treat trauma victims faster in the ER

Rapid-deployment plasma protocol helps treat trauma victims faster in the ER

Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death among people under age 45, but if trauma physicians could deliver plasma to these injury victims within minutes of their arrival in the emergency room, more of them would stand a better chance of survival. [More]
Researchers find weak spot in some antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Researchers find weak spot in some antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Using a complex modeling program that helps analyze the physical dynamics of large, structurally complex protein molecules, a research team has made progress towards finding a weak spot in the architecture of a group of enzymes that are essential to antibiotic resistance in a number of bacteria. [More]
Investigating epigenetic marks in ancient DNA could help understand health of ancient populations

Investigating epigenetic marks in ancient DNA could help understand health of ancient populations

A new study by anthropologists from The University of Texas at Austin shows for the first time that epigenetic marks on DNA can be detected in a large number of ancient human remains, which may lead to further understanding about the effects of famine and disease in the ancient world. [More]
Study: New cases of cancer rising globally, but death rates falling in many countries

Study: New cases of cancer rising globally, but death rates falling in many countries

New cases of virtually all types of cancer are rising in countries globally - regardless of income - but the death rates from cancer are falling in many countries, according to a new analysis of 28 cancer groups in 188 countries. [More]
Metformin can reduce risk of open-angle glaucoma in people with diabetes

Metformin can reduce risk of open-angle glaucoma in people with diabetes

Taking the medication metformin hydrochloride was associated with reduced risk of developing the sight-threatening disease open-angle glaucoma in people with diabetes, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. [More]
Hearing impairment more prevalent among Hispanic/Latino adults

Hearing impairment more prevalent among Hispanic/Latino adults

Hearing impairment was more prevalent among men and older individuals in a study of U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. [More]
Boehringer Ingelheim, University of Michigan partner to discover new medicines for diabetic nephropathy

Boehringer Ingelheim, University of Michigan partner to discover new medicines for diabetic nephropathy

Boehringer Ingelheim and the University of Michigan announce today that they have entered into a research collaboration focused on the discovery of new medicines for patients with diabetic nephropathy. [More]
Healthcare workers serve as vector for MRSA transmission in nursing home settings

Healthcare workers serve as vector for MRSA transmission in nursing home settings

Healthcare workers frequently contaminate their gloves and gowns during every day care of nursing homes residents with drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, according to a new study. The findings were published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. [More]
New study examines best practices in teaching medical students to better detect skin lesions

New study examines best practices in teaching medical students to better detect skin lesions

Each year, thousands of Canadians are given the news: they have skin cancer. It is the most common form of cancer in Canada and around the world, but if detected early, survival rates are extremely high. According to Liam Rourke, it doesn't happen nearly as often as it could. [More]
Sanford-Burnham, Takeda partner to develop new therapeutic targets for cardiovascular disease

Sanford-Burnham, Takeda partner to develop new therapeutic targets for cardiovascular disease

Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute at Lake Nona today announced it has signed a two-year partnership agreement with Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd. of Japan to study the potential role of several gene regulatory proteins as targets for the treatment of heart failure. [More]
Surprising link found between creative problem-solving and increased activity in the cerebellum

Surprising link found between creative problem-solving and increased activity in the cerebellum

Investigators at Stanford University have found a surprising link between creative problem-solving and heightened activity in the cerebellum, a structure located in the back of the brain and more typically thought of as the body's movement-coordination center. [More]
Study shows differences in rates of paracetamol-linked acute liver failure among European countries

Study shows differences in rates of paracetamol-linked acute liver failure among European countries

A fifty-fold between-country difference in rates of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure that leads to liver transplant (ALFT) has been revealed by a study that compared patient data from seven countries at the request of the European Medicines Agency: France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal and the UK. [More]
Impulsive behavior could put you at risk for binge eating

Impulsive behavior could put you at risk for binge eating

Do you get impulsive when you're upset? If so, this could be putting you at risk for binge eating. According to Kelly Klump, professor of psychology at Michigan State University and senior author, the more impulsive you are, the more likely it is you'll binge eat when experiencing negative feelings. [More]
Proteomics research market estimated to reach $1.6 billion this year

Proteomics research market estimated to reach $1.6 billion this year

Pharmaceutical companies and diagnostics companies spend billions developing new drugs and tests, and this is translating into a sizeable market for the instruments that can assist them. This according to Kalorama Information, a healthcare market research publisher. Kalorama Information said instruments such as mass spectrometry, electrophoresis and liquid chromatography that can assist in the identification of drug targets and the validation of biomarkers, are in demand. [More]
Tackling comorbidities could improve MS survival

Tackling comorbidities could improve MS survival

Survival of patients with multiple sclerosis is still reduced, despite recent improvements, say researchers. [More]

Adult ADHD could be distinct condition

Longitudinal analysis of a birth cohort raises the possibility that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and in adults may be distinct and unrelated disorders. [More]
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