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Researchers identify biomarkers to improve prognosis of CKD

Researchers identify biomarkers to improve prognosis of CKD

Currently, there is no effective method to predict the prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. [More]
Study sheds light on neuronal circuits during risky behavior

Study sheds light on neuronal circuits during risky behavior

New research sheds light on what's going on inside our heads as we decide whether to take a risk or play it safe. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis located a region of the brain involved in decisions made under conditions of uncertainty, and identified some of the cells involved in the decision-making process. [More]

Quantum cascade detector paves way for compact, portable infrared-imaging technology

The primary source of infrared radiation is heat -- the radiation produced by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter, including the motion of the atoms and molecules in an object. [More]
EEG could be strong indicator of awareness levels in patients with disorders of consciousness

EEG could be strong indicator of awareness levels in patients with disorders of consciousness

New research suggests that an electroencephalogram (EEG) could be a strong indicator of the level of awareness of patients in a vegetative state after a severe brain injury. [More]
Penn study sheds new light on biology of fatty liver disease

Penn study sheds new light on biology of fatty liver disease

A new appreciation for the interplay between two cell nucleus proteins that lead both intertwined and separate lives is helping researchers better understand fatty liver disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Novel noninvasive scoring system can help predict strength and health of vascular network in the brain

Novel noninvasive scoring system can help predict strength and health of vascular network in the brain

A new study presented at the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery's 13th Annual Meeting in Boston found that the Opercular Score Index (OIS) is a practical, noninvasive scoring system that can be used to predict the strength and health of the vascular network in the brain (known as collateral robustness) and good clinical outcome among stroke patients undergoing endovascular recanalization. [More]
Genetic profiling offers new avenues for treatment of cancer, study finds

Genetic profiling offers new avenues for treatment of cancer, study finds

Genetic profiling of cancer tumors provides new avenues for treatment of the disease, according to a study conducted by Sanford Health and recognized by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. [More]
Focused therapy may be effective, less toxic way to treat brain tumors

Focused therapy may be effective, less toxic way to treat brain tumors

Physicians from Carolinas HealthCare System's Neurosciences Institute and Levine Cancer Institute are among the authors of a study that was accepted for publication by the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study, released on July 26, 2016, shows that patients with the most common form of brain tumor can be treated in an effective and substantially less toxic way by omitting a widely used portion of radiation therapy. [More]
Researchers discover pathway linking oxidative stress and cysteine in Huntington's disease

Researchers discover pathway linking oxidative stress and cysteine in Huntington's disease

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified a biochemical pathway linking oxidative stress and the amino acid cysteine in Huntington's disease. [More]
New insights into RNA-protein interactions may lead to cure for heart disease

New insights into RNA-protein interactions may lead to cure for heart disease

Research led by The Australian National University has uncovered new insights into how the human genome gets through the daily grind with the help of RNA-binding proteins, in a discovery which could ultimately lead to a cure for heart disease. [More]
Shrinkage in hippocampal volume linked to stress-induced memory loss

Shrinkage in hippocampal volume linked to stress-induced memory loss

"My workload has shot up after my last promotion, I know that I'm stressed out," says a management executive from Delhi. [More]
Pew survey shows Americans worry about using emerging technologies for human enhancement

Pew survey shows Americans worry about using emerging technologies for human enhancement

Many in the general public think scientific and technological innovations bring helpful change to society, but they are more concerned than excited when it comes to the potential use of emerging technologies to make people's minds sharper, their bodies stronger and healthier than ever before, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. [More]
Researchers find genetic variability in frozen vials of cells purchased from same cell bank

Researchers find genetic variability in frozen vials of cells purchased from same cell bank

In a surprise finding, researchers working with breast cancer cells purchased at the same time from the same cell bank discovered that the cells responded differently to chemicals, even though the researchers had not detected any difference when they tested them for authenticity at the time of purchase. [More]
Study finds biological basis for gastrointestinal symptoms in people with non-celiac wheat sensitivity

Study finds biological basis for gastrointestinal symptoms in people with non-celiac wheat sensitivity

A new study may explain why people who do not have celiac disease or wheat allergy nevertheless experience a variety of gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms after ingesting wheat and related cereals. [More]
Yale researchers develop new system to simultaneously edit multiple genes

Yale researchers develop new system to simultaneously edit multiple genes

A Yale research team has designed a system to modify, or edit, multiple genes in the genome simultaneously, while also minimizing unintended effects. [More]
Mice study shows stem cell infusion could help treat glaucoma

Mice study shows stem cell infusion could help treat glaucoma

An infusion of stem cells could help restore proper drainage for fluid-clogged eyes at risk for glaucoma. That's the upshot of a study led by a Veterans Affairs and University of Iowa team. [More]
Scientists discover modified human protein involved in Ebola virus replication

Scientists discover modified human protein involved in Ebola virus replication

A newly identified requirement of a modified human protein in ebolavirus (EBOV) replication, may unlock the door for new approaches to treating Ebola. [More]
Penn researchers use iron-containing nanoparticles to reduce plaque and prevent tooth decay

Penn researchers use iron-containing nanoparticles to reduce plaque and prevent tooth decay

The bacteria that live in dental plaque and contribute to tooth decay often resist traditional antimicrobial treatment, as they can "hide" within a sticky biofilm matrix, a glue-like polymer scaffold. [More]
Stereotactic radiosurgery could be more effective for patients with few metastatic brain tumors

Stereotactic radiosurgery could be more effective for patients with few metastatic brain tumors

Patients with three or fewer metastatic brain tumors who received treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) had less cognitive deterioration three months after treatment than patients who received SRS combined with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). [More]
Researchers discover three new risk genes for ALS

Researchers discover three new risk genes for ALS

Published today in Nature Genetics, the study reveals three new risk genes for ALS and one of these - C21orf2 - increases an individual's risk of developing the dis-ease by 65 per cent. [More]
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