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Researchers uncover key factor for promoting wound healing after corneal injuries

Researchers uncover key factor for promoting wound healing after corneal injuries

In cases of severe ocular trauma involving the cornea, wound healing occurs following intervention, but at the cost of opaque scar tissue formation and damaged vision. Recent research has shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) — which can differentiate into a variety of cells, including bone, cartilage, muscle and fat cells — are capable of returning clarity to scarred corneas; however, the mechanisms by which this happens remained a mystery — until now. [More]
Research findings offer promising treatment target for blinding diseases

Research findings offer promising treatment target for blinding diseases

New research published in Cell Reports identifies a potential treatment target for blinding diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and advanced dry age-related macular degeneration. [More]
Research shows degenerative diseases affecting the retina may be treatable with gene therapy

Research shows degenerative diseases affecting the retina may be treatable with gene therapy

Researchers have demonstrated the ability to deliver a fully functional copy of the CLN3 gene to stem cells of patients with juvenile NCL, an inherited neurodegenerative disease in which a mutation in the CLN3 gene causes early-onset severe central vision loss. [More]
Smoke from indoor biomass fuel linked to COPD among rural women in Bangladesh

Smoke from indoor biomass fuel linked to COPD among rural women in Bangladesh

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. [More]
Researchers receive grant to help develop stem cell therapy for glaucoma

Researchers receive grant to help develop stem cell therapy for glaucoma

Researchers from the University's Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease have been awarded a pump-priming grant to help develop a stem cell therapy for glaucoma. [More]
Color-deficiency or color-blindness?

Color-deficiency or color-blindness?

Color blindness could be considered a bit of a misleading term, because there are very few people who can't see color at all. Most people have what we call color deficiency or color confusion, which means that they're not blind to color; they just see a reduced number of colors. [More]
IU receives $1.9 million grant to investigate effects of congenital birth defects and age on the eye

IU receives $1.9 million grant to investigate effects of congenital birth defects and age on the eye

A $1.9 million grant to Indiana University from the National Institutes of Health's National Eye Institute will advance basic research on the eye with applications to blindness caused by genetic disorders and aging. [More]
UAB experts seek to improve patient adherence recommendations for DR screenings

UAB experts seek to improve patient adherence recommendations for DR screenings

The prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in the United States is 9.3 percent and expected to increase, along with complications associated with diabetes that include diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults ages 20 to 74 in the United States. [More]
Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers identify and treat new variant of antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have discovered a new mutation in a highly antibiotic-resistant strain of E. coli that resists clearance by the body's own immune system by inhibiting white blood cells that ordinarily kill and remove bacteria. [More]
Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as "neural crest-derived progenitor cells") in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely — often leading to blindness. [More]
New funding boosts diabetes research at University of Warwick

New funding boosts diabetes research at University of Warwick

Researchers based in the area which suffers the highest rate of type 2 diabetes in Europe are to receive specialist equipment to help them fight the disease. [More]
TKCI pioneers new treatment techniques for patients suffering from Stevens-Johnson syndrome

TKCI pioneers new treatment techniques for patients suffering from Stevens-Johnson syndrome

The Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, in partnership with the world-renowned LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, is pioneering new treatments for sufferers of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), which takes the lives of 20%-25% of the people it affects. [More]
Researchers find genomic material from Zika virus in tears

Researchers find genomic material from Zika virus in tears

Researchers have found that Zika virus can live in eyes and have identified genetic material from the virus in tears, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Study shows link between steroid use and poor outcomes in Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis

Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School have found that patients who were prescribed corticosteroids as part of treatment for Lyme disease-associated facial paralysis had worse long-term outcomes of regaining facial function than those who were prescribed antibiotic therapy alone. [More]
Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

The National Institutes of Health will fund six projects to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration in the retina. [More]
Foul smelling gas could help people with diabetes recover from heart complications

Foul smelling gas could help people with diabetes recover from heart complications

A gas that was formerly known for its noxious qualities could help people with diabetes recover from common heart and blood vessel complications, concludes research led by the University of Exeter Medical School. [More]
Penn scientists find striking similarities between human patients with LCA and dogs

Penn scientists find striking similarities between human patients with LCA and dogs

Ciliopathies are diseases that affect the cilia, sensory organelles that most mammalian cells possess and which play a critical role in many biological functions. [More]
Study finds tight glycemic control provides no impact on patient-important microvascular outcomes

Study finds tight glycemic control provides no impact on patient-important microvascular outcomes

The glucocentric focus on lowering blood sugar in Type 2 diabetes may have short-circuited development of new diabetes therapies, according to a new paper published by Mayo Clinic researchers in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. [More]
Gentle combination of FDA-approved drugs could combat photoreceptor degeneration in mice

Gentle combination of FDA-approved drugs could combat photoreceptor degeneration in mice

In microseconds, every light ray that enters the eye triggers an explosion of coordinated cellular events. [More]
Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

Novel drug-dispensing contact lens effective in providing better pressure reduction in glaucoma model

A contact lens designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye could improve outcomes for patients with conditions requiring treatment with eye drops, which are often imprecise and difficult to self-administer. [More]
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