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The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
Researchers find common brain abnormalities shared across multiple emotional disorders

Researchers find common brain abnormalities shared across multiple emotional disorders

Researchers have long known that emotional disorders have a lot in common. Many often occur together, like depression and social anxiety disorder. Treatments also tend to work across multiple disorders, suggesting shared underlying elements. [More]
New study reveals endocrine biological function of brown adipose tissue

New study reveals endocrine biological function of brown adipose tissue

Brown adipose tissue -main organ generating heat in the body- is also an endocrine organ that secretes signaling factors that activate the fat and carbohydrates metabolism. [More]
Tau PET imaging in Alzheimer's disease increases opportunities for developing effective drugs

Tau PET imaging in Alzheimer's disease increases opportunities for developing effective drugs

Tau PET is a new and promising imaging method for Alzheimer's disease. A case study from Lund University in Sweden now confirms that tau PET images correspond to a higher degree to actual changes in the brain. According to the researchers behind the study, this increases opportunities for developing effective drugs. [More]
UCLA-led study shows treatment can provide benefits up to 7.3 hours after onset of stroke

UCLA-led study shows treatment can provide benefits up to 7.3 hours after onset of stroke

Time is of the essence when getting people stricken with acute ischemic strokes to treatment. And the use of stent retrievers — devices that remove the blood clot like pulling a cork out of a wine bottle — has proven to be a breakthrough for removing the life-threatening blockage of blood flow to the brain. [More]
Interruptions to rehab program after stroke or brain injury may be preventable, study reports

Interruptions to rehab program after stroke or brain injury may be preventable, study reports

Patients in inpatient rehabilitation after a stroke, brain injury, or spinal cord injury have significant rates of interruptions of their rehab program—often including being transferred back to the hospital for treatment of complications, reports a study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
Study helps identify optimal treatment option for NSCLC patients with brain metastases

Study helps identify optimal treatment option for NSCLC patients with brain metastases

A Yale Cancer Center team completed a multi-institutional analysis of treatment options for patients with newly diagnosed EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastases to determine the best option for treatment. [More]
Experimental PET tracer can diagnose concussion-related brain degeneration in living person

Experimental PET tracer can diagnose concussion-related brain degeneration in living person

An experimental positron emission tomography (PET) tracer can effectively diagnose concussion-related brain degeneration while a person is still alive, according to a proof-of-concept study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published September 27 in the journal Translational Psychiatry. [More]
Dental fillings contribute to prolonged mercury levels in the body, research shows

Dental fillings contribute to prolonged mercury levels in the body, research shows

Dental surface restorations composed of dental amalgam, a mixture of mercury, silver, tin and other metals, significantly contribute to prolonged mercury levels in the body, according to new research from the University of Georgia's department of environmental health science in the College of Public Health. [More]
Early endovascular thrombectomy plus medical therapy linked to less disability after stroke

Early endovascular thrombectomy plus medical therapy linked to less disability after stroke

In an analysis that included nearly 1,300 patients with large-vessel ischemic stroke, earlier treatment with endovascular thrombectomy (intra-arterial use of a micro-catheter or other device to remove a blood clot) plus medical therapy (use of a clot dissolving agent) compared with medical therapy alone was associated with less disability at 3 months, according to a study appearing in the September 27 issue of JAMA. [More]
New research shows nanoscale device could be 'missing link' in development of neuroprosthetics

New research shows nanoscale device could be 'missing link' in development of neuroprosthetics

New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be the 'missing link' in the development of implants that use electrical signals from the brain to help treat medical conditions. [More]
Researchers identify process in the brains of mice that may explain repetitive actions in Rett patients

Researchers identify process in the brains of mice that may explain repetitive actions in Rett patients

Three-year-old Naomi slaps her forehead a few times, bites her fingers and toddles across the doctor's office in her white and pink pajamas before turning her head into a door with a dull thud. [More]
Neuroscientists discover genetic 'lingua franca' that allows the brain to interpret sensory input

Neuroscientists discover genetic 'lingua franca' that allows the brain to interpret sensory input

Sight, touch and hearing are our windows to the world: these sensory channels send a constant flow of information to the brain, which acts to sort out and integrate these signals, allowing us to perceive the world and interact with our environment. [More]
Exercise can increase endocannabinoid levels even under chronic sleep loss

Exercise can increase endocannabinoid levels even under chronic sleep loss

A research group at Uppsala University has investigated how levels of endocannabinoids - which target the same receptors as cannabis - are affected by short sleep duration, and whether acute exercise can modulate this effect. [More]
CNS experts create new research-based guidelines for evaluation and treatment of NFPAs

CNS experts create new research-based guidelines for evaluation and treatment of NFPAs

Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are common benign tumors that may be present for years before causing any symptoms. [More]
Increasing specific brain fats could be potential strategy for preventing epileptic seizures

Increasing specific brain fats could be potential strategy for preventing epileptic seizures

Increasing the concentration of specific fats in the brain could suppress epileptic seizures. This is evident from ground-breaking research carried out by the research groups of Professor Patrik Verstreken and Professor Wim Versées. [More]
Addition of chemotherapy to post-surgical radiation treatment improves survival in medulloblastoma patients

Addition of chemotherapy to post-surgical radiation treatment improves survival in medulloblastoma patients

In a recent study, a Yale Cancer Center team revealed that the addition of chemotherapy to postoperative treatment for adults with medulloblastoma improves survival. [More]
Hyaluronidase enzyme may be effective treatment option for spasticity caused by neurological injury

Hyaluronidase enzyme may be effective treatment option for spasticity caused by neurological injury

A naturally occurring enzyme called hyaluronidase may be an effective alternative treatment for spasticity, or muscle stiffness, a disabling condition in people who have had a stroke or other brain injury. [More]
Study reveals radiosurgery as viable treatment option for patients with resected brain metastases

Study reveals radiosurgery as viable treatment option for patients with resected brain metastases

For patients who have cancer that has metastasized to the brain, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) results in statistically comparable survival rates, reduced cognitive decline and better quality of life (QOL), compared to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology. [More]
University of Bonn researchers develop new method to combat complex brain tumors

University of Bonn researchers develop new method to combat complex brain tumors

Glioblastomas are incurable malignant brain tumors. Usually the patients affected survive for only a few months. [More]
SRS reduces likelihood of local recurrence of brain metastases in cancer patients

SRS reduces likelihood of local recurrence of brain metastases in cancer patients

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for cancer patients who receive the treatment for brain metastases decreases the likelihood of local recurrence but shows no positive difference in terms of overall survival (OS) or distant brain metastases (DBMs) rates, when compared to observation alone following surgical resection of brain metastases, according to research presented today at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology. [More]
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