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The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
Researchers identify brain regions essential for 'metamemory' processes using macaque monkeys

Researchers identify brain regions essential for 'metamemory' processes using macaque monkeys

Juntendo University researchers identify areas of the brain responsible for metacognitive memory evaluation in macaque monkeys. [More]
Researchers find brain abnormalities in Zika virus infected fetuses

Researchers find brain abnormalities in Zika virus infected fetuses

In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, researchers with the Baylor College of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas partnered with the Maternal-Fetal Unit, CEDIFETAL, Centro de Diagnostico de Ultrasonido e Imagenes, CEDIUL, Barranquilla, Columbia and the Unidad De Fertildad Y Genetica De Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Columbia, to create the study, Characterization of brain malformations and volume assessment in fetuses with Zika Virus infection using MRI. [More]
Study shows long-term gains from hastening surgical interventions against epilepsy

Study shows long-term gains from hastening surgical interventions against epilepsy

There are important, long-term gains from hastening the processes around surgical interventions against epilepsy - before the disease has had too much negative impact on brain functions and patients' lives. [More]
Switching off brain regions helps better understand link between neural circuits and behaviour

Switching off brain regions helps better understand link between neural circuits and behaviour

Switching off specific brain regions in a laboratory animal is an important type of experiment used to better understand how the brain works. [More]
Stroke-injured rat brain forms functioning connections with transplanted neurons, study shows

Stroke-injured rat brain forms functioning connections with transplanted neurons, study shows

Today, a stroke usually leads to permanent disability - but in the future, the stroke-injured brain could be reparable by replacing dead cells with new, healthy neurons, using transplantation. [More]
Hormone can boost activity in brain regions linked to sexual arousal and love

Hormone can boost activity in brain regions linked to sexual arousal and love

The hormone kisspeptin can enhance activity in brain regions associated with sexual arousal and romantic love, according to new research. [More]
Nicotine normalizes genetically-induced brain impairments linked to schizophrenia

Nicotine normalizes genetically-induced brain impairments linked to schizophrenia

A steady stream of nicotine normalizes genetically-induced impairments in brain activity associated with schizophrenia, according to new research involving the University of Colorado Boulder. [More]
Researchers find new way to quantify olfactory sensory neurons using PET radiotracer

Researchers find new way to quantify olfactory sensory neurons using PET radiotracer

Olfactory health - how well we are able to smell - is a reliable marker of the health of the brain, but the "smell identification tests" commonly used in studies of olfactory health do not offer a complete picture of what is happening. [More]
Vagus nerve stimulation may hold potential to reduce drug cravings, study shows

Vagus nerve stimulation may hold potential to reduce drug cravings, study shows

A new preclinical study led by a University of Texas at Dallas researcher shows that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy might have the potential to help people overcome drug addiction by helping them learn new behaviors to replace those associated with seeking drugs. [More]
Novel noninvasive method precisely tweaks brain activity in rats using ultrasound pulses

Novel noninvasive method precisely tweaks brain activity in rats using ultrasound pulses

Biomedical engineers at Johns Hopkins report they have worked out a noninvasive way to release and deliver concentrated amounts of a drug to the brain of rats in a temporary, localized manner using ultrasound. [More]
Serum microRNAs could serve as promising biomarkers for monitoring progression of MS

Serum microRNAs could serve as promising biomarkers for monitoring progression of MS

MicroRNAs are small RNA molecules that influence basic cellular processes and have been proposed as biomarkers for the diagnosis, progression and treatment of multiple sclerosis. [More]
Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal poses serious and unrecognized health risk

Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal poses serious and unrecognized health risk

Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal in countries around the world poses a serious and previously unrecognized health risk to millions of people according to a new study. [More]
BUSM researchers move one step closer to understanding brain changes linked to PTSD

BUSM researchers move one step closer to understanding brain changes linked to PTSD

Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine and the VA Boston Healthcare System are one step closer to understanding the specific nature of brain changes associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). [More]
Researchers evaluate use of regenerative human umbilical cord for in-utero spina bifida repair

Researchers evaluate use of regenerative human umbilical cord for in-utero spina bifida repair

In a study to be presented Saturday, Jan. 28, in the oral concurrent session at 8:45 a.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, researchers evaluated a possible regenerative patch by using human umbilical cord in two studies titled Cryopreserved Human Umbilical Cord (HUC) vs Acellular Dermal Matrix (ADM) for In-Utero Spina Bifida Repair and the study Conventional vs cryopreserved human umbilical cord (HUC) patch based on repair for in-utero spina bifida in a sheep model. [More]
Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

Characterizing the brain, cell by cell

My group develops approaches to study cell-to-cell signaling in the brain – how the cells of the brain talk to each other. The brain is heterogeneous, probably more so than any other organ in our body, and many of its functions depend on the unique characteristics of these cells. [More]
Researchers evaluate effects of laser tissue welding on spina bifida repair

Researchers evaluate effects of laser tissue welding on spina bifida repair

In a study to be presented Saturday, Jan. 28, in the oral concurrent session at 8:45 a.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; IBEX, Logan, Utah; and Laser Tissue Welding Inc., Houston, Texas collaborated on a study titled, Evaluation of the effects of laser tissue welding on the spinal cord and skin in a 30 day study of simulated spina bifida repair in rabbits. [More]
SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds

SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds

New research has found spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy can be key to reducing or stabilizing the use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain. [More]
Study finds great variations in view of withdrawing futile treatment for terminally ill patients

Study finds great variations in view of withdrawing futile treatment for terminally ill patients

The views among physicians and the general public when it comes to deciding whether to withhold or withdraw treatment of terminally ill patients differ greatly. [More]
UC San Diego researchers receive CIRM grants to advance studies on Zika virus and cancer

UC San Diego researchers receive CIRM grants to advance studies on Zika virus and cancer

The Independent Citizens Oversight Committee of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine has approved a pair of $2 million awards to University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers to advance studies of new treatments for Zika virus infections and the use of stem cell-derived natural killer (NK) cells to target ovarian cancer and other malignancies. [More]
Blinking prompts eye muscles to realign vision, new study finds

Blinking prompts eye muscles to realign vision, new study finds

Every few seconds, our eyelids automatically shutter and our eyeballs roll back in their sockets. [More]
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