Delirium News and Research RSS Feed - Delirium News and Research

Delirium is a mental state in which a person is confused, disoriented, and not able to think or remember clearly. The person may also be agitated and have hallucinations, and extreme excitement.
Delirium underdiagnosed in advanced cancer patients visiting emergency department

Delirium underdiagnosed in advanced cancer patients visiting emergency department

A new study indicates that delirium is relatively frequent and underdiagnosed by physicians in patients with advanced cancer visiting the emergency department. [More]
Delirium in older surgical patients may be linked to long-term cognitive decline

Delirium in older surgical patients may be linked to long-term cognitive decline

Researchers from the Harvard Medical School - affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research have found increasing evidence that delirium in older surgical patients may be associated with long-term cognitive decline. [More]
Study assesses prevalence of delirium among survivors of cardiac arrest treated with hypothermia

Study assesses prevalence of delirium among survivors of cardiac arrest treated with hypothermia

A study in the American Journal of Critical Care found a remarkably high prevalence of delirium in a small cohort of critically ill patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. [More]
Higher late life cognitive reserve may help lower incidence, severity of delirium

Higher late life cognitive reserve may help lower incidence, severity of delirium

New research suggests that higher late life cognitive reserve—an ability to offset the losses associated with age- and disease-related changes in the brain—may help prevent delirium. [More]
Certain leisure activities may lower risk of post-operative delirium in older adults

Certain leisure activities may lower risk of post-operative delirium in older adults

Delirium, or the medical term for experiencing sudden confusion, is upsetting for both older adults and their families. In fact, it is one of the most common complications older adults face after surgery (a time often referred to as the "post-operative" period). [More]
Researchers examine effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs to prevent or treat delirium

Researchers examine effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs to prevent or treat delirium

In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers examined whether or not antipsychotic drugs, which are sometimes used to prevent or treat delirium, are effective. [More]
National plan outlines milestones, strategies for Alzheimer's patient care and caregiver support

National plan outlines milestones, strategies for Alzheimer's patient care and caregiver support

The National Alzheimer's Project Act (NAPA) was signed into law in 2011. Over the past five years milestones have been identified to meet the plan's biomedical research goal. However, similar milestones have not been created for the goals on patient care and caregiver support. [More]
Immediate treatment can benefit cannabis users who experience withdrawal symptoms

Immediate treatment can benefit cannabis users who experience withdrawal symptoms

Heavy users of cannabis who experience withdrawal symptoms such as nervousness and cravings when they quit are likely to use again sooner than their peers, a new study finds. [More]
Antipsychotic medications may not be effective in preventing delirium in hospitalized patients

Antipsychotic medications may not be effective in preventing delirium in hospitalized patients

A recent review of the medical literature does not support the use of antipsychotic medications for preventing or treating delirium in hospitalized patients. [More]
Warning of increased mortality risk for PD patients taking antipsychotics

Warning of increased mortality risk for PD patients taking antipsychotics

Researchers have found a more than twofold increase in the risk of death among patients with Parkinson's disease who take antipsychotics, particularly typical antipsychotics. [More]
Consultation between geriatrician and trauma surgeons improves care of elderly accident victims

Consultation between geriatrician and trauma surgeons improves care of elderly accident victims

An immediate consultation between trauma surgeons and a geriatrician improves multidisciplinary care of elderly accident victims and the sensitivity of the family to the patient's ongoing health care needs. [More]
Antibiotics may be linked to delirium and other brain problems

Antibiotics may be linked to delirium and other brain problems

Antibiotics may be linked to a serious disruption in brain function, called delirium, and other brain problems, more than previously thought, according to a "Views and Reviews" article published in the February 17, 2016, online issue of Neurology, a medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Older people undergoing cancer surgery more likely to experience injuries, health issues

Older people undergoing cancer surgery more likely to experience injuries, health issues

Older people who undergo cancer surgery are more likely than their younger counterparts to experience injuries and health issues such as falling down, breaking bones, dehydration, bed sores, failure to thrive and delirium. These age-related issues may lead to longer hospital stays, increased health care costs and a greater risk of death, a UCLA study found. [More]
Study: Delirium, muscle weakness and other neurological complications of sepsis poorly understood

Study: Delirium, muscle weakness and other neurological complications of sepsis poorly understood

Delirium, muscle weakness and other neurological complications of sepsis often are overlooked and poorly understood, according to a study published in the journal Current Neurology and Neurosciences Reports. [More]
New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal adds challenges to caring for critically ill patients, and nurses must be diligent at each stage of care to minimize complications, according to an article in the February issue of Critical Care Nurse. [More]
Anticholinergic medications may not be best option for dementia patients in rehab facility

Anticholinergic medications may not be best option for dementia patients in rehab facility

During rehabilitation following an acute hospital stay, medications that block neurotransmitters may be overprescribed to older patients suffering from delirium superimposed on dementia, according to health researchers. [More]
Mayo Clinic study finds no association between surgical anesthesia and development of MCI later in life

Mayo Clinic study finds no association between surgical anesthesia and development of MCI later in life

A Mayo Clinic study of people who received anesthesia for surgery after age 40 found no association between the anesthesia and development of mild cognitive impairment later in life. Mild cognitive impairment is a stage between the normal cognitive decline of aging and dementia. [More]
1 in 10 veterans and civilian patients experiences new ICU-related PTSD up to one year after discharge

1 in 10 veterans and civilian patients experiences new ICU-related PTSD up to one year after discharge

One in ten patients is at risk of having new post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to their ICU experience up to a year post-discharge. This was the finding from a multicenter, prospective cohort research study of veterans and civilians. [More]
New perioperative guideline released for optimal management of geriatric patients

New perioperative guideline released for optimal management of geriatric patients

Responding to the needs of the country's growing older adult population, a new collaborative best practices guideline was released today for optimal care of older adults immediately before, during, and after surgical operations (a timeframe known as the "perioperative" period). [More]
RNs more likely than LPNs to identify high-risk medication discrepancies in nursing homes

RNs more likely than LPNs to identify high-risk medication discrepancies in nursing homes

Nearly 66 percent of all adverse events experienced by nursing home residents, such as falls, delirium and hallucinations, could be prevented, in part, by monitoring medication more closely. In nursing homes, both registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) perform medication reconciliation, a safety practice during which health care professionals review patients' medications to reduce the likelihood of preventable adverse drug events. [More]
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