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Gout is a type of arthritis that causes painful inflammation in the joints. Usually it affects one joint which is most commonly the big toe. However, it can affect any joint in the body such as the ankles, knees, wrists, elbows and any joints in the hands or finger.

Symptoms of gout usually develop rapidly and usually start at night. The joint may then start to feel normal again with any pain or discomfort eventually disappearing . However, most people who get gout will have further attacks in the future.

The symptoms of gout are caused by an above normal level of urate in the bloodstream, which builds up and forms crystals, mainly in and around joints and especially in the finger and toe joints. This can lead to intensely pain and inflammation.

There are several factors that can increase the level of blood urate. These include a diet rich in purines (which form urate when broken down) such as red meat, seafood and some other foods; excess alcohol consumption; the use of certain medicines such as diuretics; a family history of gout; kidney disease; and overweight or obesity.

Gout affects about 1% of the population and is more common in men, particularly those aged 30 to 60, and in women who have already experienced the menopause.
Crealta to acquire all assets of Savient Pharmaceuticals

Crealta to acquire all assets of Savient Pharmaceuticals

Savient Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Savient") announced that it has reached agreement on the terms of an acquisition agreement with Crealta Pharmaceuticals LLC ("Crealta") through which Crealta would acquire substantially all of the assets of Savient, including all KRYSTEXXA® assets, for gross proceeds of approximately $120.4 million. [More]
Researchers find evidence that gout clusters in families

Researchers find evidence that gout clusters in families

It's historically known as 'the king of diseases and the disease of kings' and was long thought to be caused by an overindulgent lifestyle, but now scientists at The University of Nottingham have confirmed that 'gout' strongly runs in families. [More]
Implantable genetic circuit serves as early warning system for high blood-fat levels

Implantable genetic circuit serves as early warning system for high blood-fat levels

Humankind has a weight problem - and not only in the industrialised nations, either: the growing prosperity in many Asian or Latin American countries goes hand in hand with a way of life that quite literally has hefty consequences. [More]
3Sbio acquires patents for DJ5 to delay hereditary renal disease in ADPKD patients

3Sbio acquires patents for DJ5 to delay hereditary renal disease in ADPKD patients

3SBio Inc., a leading China-based biotechnology company focused on researching, developing, manufacturing and marketing biopharmaceutical products, announced the acquisition of patents for DJ5, a novel non-TZD PPARgamma agonist with potential to retard progressive renal failure in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease ("ADPKD'). [More]
Young, middle-aged fibromyalgia patients report poorer quality of life than older patients

Young, middle-aged fibromyalgia patients report poorer quality of life than older patients

It may seem counterintuitive, but young and middle-aged fibromyalgia patients report worse symptoms and poorer quality of life than older patients, a Mayo Clinic study shows. [More]
Study examines role of urate-lowering therapy on renal function in patients with hyperuricemia

Study examines role of urate-lowering therapy on renal function in patients with hyperuricemia

Urate-lowering therapy alone may not directly reduce the risk of kidney disease in those with hyperuricemia. However, according to a study presented at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting in San Diego, working to lower serum uric acid based on the 2012 American College of Rheumatology Guidelines for Management of Gout has a positive effect. [More]
Inflammation causally linked to functional decline in aging

Inflammation causally linked to functional decline in aging

Inflammation is the common denominator of many chronic age-related diseases such as arthritis, gout, Alzheimer's, and diabetes. But according to a Yale School of Medicine study, even in the absence of a disease, inflammation can lead to serious loss of function throughout the body, reducing healthspan - that portion of our lives spent relatively free of serious illness and disability. [More]
Gout increases risk of heart attack and stroke

Gout increases risk of heart attack and stroke

New research published in this month’s Rheumatology journal has found that having gout doubles the risk of heart attack and stroke. The research tracked the health of more than 205,000 gout patients using data spanning five decades to determine links between gout and heart attack and stroke. [More]
Redd Remedies earns Better Nutrition Magazine's Best of Supplements Award for Gouch!

Redd Remedies earns Better Nutrition Magazine's Best of Supplements Award for Gouch!

Redd Remedies, a leading provider of natural, condition-specific, health and wellness supplements, is this year's recipient of Better Nutrition Magazine's Best of Supplements Award with its all-natural, gluten-free Gouch!. [More]
Gout: An Interview with Dr. Lawrence Edwards, Chairman and CEO of GUAES

Gout: An Interview with Dr. Lawrence Edwards, Chairman and CEO of GUAES

Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis that affects adults. It's a disease caused by the presence of uric acid crystals in and around the joints. It's a disease that's becoming more and more common. It probably has doubled in its prevalence worldwide over the past twenty to thirty years. [More]
DNA mutation 'signature' identified in urinary tract cancers linked to birthwort herb

DNA mutation 'signature' identified in urinary tract cancers linked to birthwort herb

Genomic sequencing experts at Johns Hopkins partnered with pharmacologists at Stony Brook University to reveal a striking mutational signature of upper urinary tract cancers caused by aristolochic acid, a plant compound contained in herbal remedies used for thousands of years to treat a variety of ailments such as arthritis, gout and inflammation. [More]
Gout, uric acid levels and risk of death: an interview with Professor Austin Stack, Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick

Gout, uric acid levels and risk of death: an interview with Professor Austin Stack, Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick

Gout is a relatively common arthritic disease that affects about 4% (I in 25) of the population. It results from the deposition of uric acid in joints due to elevated blood levels and a resulting inflammation ensues which is very painful. [More]
BioCryst completes BCX4161 Phase 1 clinical trial for treatment of hereditary angioedema

BioCryst completes BCX4161 Phase 1 clinical trial for treatment of hereditary angioedema

BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that the randomized, placebo-controlled, Phase 1 clinical trial of orally-administered BCX4161 in healthy volunteers successfully met all of its objectives. [More]
TWi Biotechnology completes patient enrollment in phase II trial of AC-201 for Gout Flare Prophylaxis

TWi Biotechnology completes patient enrollment in phase II trial of AC-201 for Gout Flare Prophylaxis

TWi Biotechnology, Inc. announced that it has completed the patient enrollment in a phase II trial of AC-201 for Gout Flare Prophylaxis during urate-lowering therapy. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase II study is conducted in 8 major medical centers in Taiwan. [More]
Mayo researchers find rheumatic condition gout may be due to flare-ups in other joints

Mayo researchers find rheumatic condition gout may be due to flare-ups in other joints

The painful rheumatic condition gout is often associated with the big toe, but it turns out that patients at highest risk of further flare-ups are those whose gout first involved other joints, such as a knee or elbow, Mayo Clinic has found. [More]
Vitamin C and gout: an interview with Prof. Lisa Stamp

Vitamin C and gout: an interview with Prof. Lisa Stamp

A previous study in by Choi et al in the USA showed that people with a higher vitamin C intake have a lower risk of gout. There are also studies in healthy volunteers that suggest that vitamin C supplements reduce blood uric acid levels. [More]
CREON Delayed-Release Capsules now available in US for patients with EPI

CREON Delayed-Release Capsules now available in US for patients with EPI

AbbVie announced that a new, higher-dose capsule of CREON (pancrelipase) Delayed-Release Capsules is commercially available in the United States. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved CREON in a 36,000 lipase-unit dose to treat patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis, swelling of the pancreas that lasts a long time (chronic pancreatitis), removal of some or all of the pancreas (pancreatectomy), or other conditions. [More]
Research reveals vitamin C does not reduce urate levels in gout patients

Research reveals vitamin C does not reduce urate levels in gout patients

Despite previous studies touting its benefit in moderating gout risk, new research reveals that vitamin C, also known ascorbic acid, does not reduce uric acid (urate) levels to a clinically significant degree in patients with established gout. Vitamin C supplementation, alone or in combination with allopurinol, appears to have a weak effect on lowering uric acid levels in gout patients according to the results published in the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, Arthritis & Rheumatism. [More]
FDA approves Novartis' Ilaris for treatment of active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis

FDA approves Novartis' Ilaris for treatment of active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Novartis announced that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved Ilaris (canakinumab) for the treatment of active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis in patients aged 2 years and older. [More]
Biocryst reports financial results for first quarter 2013

Biocryst reports financial results for first quarter 2013

BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2013. [More]