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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk.
Genetic history of HIV finally unravelled

Genetic history of HIV finally unravelled

Research, published today, shows that the HIV pandemic almost certainly began its global spread in the 1920s in Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [More]
Gut microbe in patients may tip doctors about SCID

Gut microbe in patients may tip doctors about SCID

Many people recognize "the bubble boy" as an unusual character from a "Seinfeld" episode or a John Travolta movie. [More]
UCSF gets CDC grant to provide expert guidance to clinicians who prescribe anti-HIV medications

UCSF gets CDC grant to provide expert guidance to clinicians who prescribe anti-HIV medications

The UCSF Clinician Consultation Center at San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center has been funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide a PrEPline, a telephone consultation service that gives expert guidance to healthcare providers across the nation who prescribe antiretroviral medications to HIV uninfected individuals to prevent HIV. [More]
New report urges nations to adopt improved data collection efforts for community health workers

New report urges nations to adopt improved data collection efforts for community health workers

A new report finds that developing nations' ability to deal with pressing health challenges like HIV/AIDS and ensuring maternal and newborn survival will be strengthened by creating a common definition for community health workers, as well as a core set of skills and competencies that would help ensure they are optimally trained, supported and deployed to provide care and treatment when and where it is needed most. [More]
Many gay, bisexual men complacent about HIV testing

Many gay, bisexual men complacent about HIV testing

Gay and bisexual men say HIV is the No. 1 health issue facing their community, but just 30 percent say they were tested for the virus within the last year as recommended. Another 30 percent say they have never been tested, according to a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation. [More]
Research findings provide clues for design of future HIV vaccine

Research findings provide clues for design of future HIV vaccine

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have described how a single family of antibodies that broadly neutralizes different strains of HIV has evolved remarkably diverse structures to attack a vulnerable site on the virus. [More]
New NIH program awards $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile health

New NIH program awards $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile health

A new NIH program is awarding nearly $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile communication technologies and software applications used in biomedical research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). [More]
Many fear lack of confidentiality and disclosure regarding genetic test's purpose

Many fear lack of confidentiality and disclosure regarding genetic test's purpose

Genomic medicine is rapidly developing, bringing with its advances promises of individualized genetic information to tailor and optimize prevention and treatment interventions. Genetic tests are already guiding treatments of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis c virus (HPC), and emerging research is showing genetic variants may be used to screen for an individual's susceptibility to addiction to a substance, and even inform treatments for addiction. [More]
State highlights: Medicaid bankruptcy ruling could save some nursing homes; high HIV rates in Southern states

State highlights: Medicaid bankruptcy ruling could save some nursing homes; high HIV rates in Southern states

A federal judge's recent ruling blocking Medicaid officials from cutting off a struggling nursing home could help troubled health care facilities survive using bankruptcy, according to restructuring professionals. [More]
Leidos awarded NMLC contract to provide services in support of HIV/AIDS prevention programs

Leidos awarded NMLC contract to provide services in support of HIV/AIDS prevention programs

Leidos, a national security, health, and engineering solutions company, was awarded a prime contract by the Naval Medical Logistics Command to provide services in support of the Naval Health Research Center's, Department of Defense, HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP). [More]
Dry roasted peanuts more likely to trigger allergy risk

Dry roasted peanuts more likely to trigger allergy risk

Dry roasted peanuts are more likely to trigger an allergy to peanuts than raw peanuts, suggests an Oxford University study involving mice. [More]
Janssen announces availability of PREZCOBIX for Canadians living with HIV

Janssen announces availability of PREZCOBIX for Canadians living with HIV

Janssen Inc. announced today that PREZCOBIX (darunavir/cobicistat), a once-daily, oral medication for the treatment of HIV infection in combination with other antiretroviral agents, is now available in Canada. It is the first HIV treatment option available to patients that provides boosted darunavir in a single tablet. [More]
The Miriam Hospital receives Primary Stroke Center certification for fifth consecutive year

The Miriam Hospital receives Primary Stroke Center certification for fifth consecutive year

The Miriam Hospital has for the fifth time been designated by the Joint Commission as a Primary Stroke Center. [More]
Getting flu shot every autumn can lead to better health

Getting flu shot every autumn can lead to better health

Everyone knows that the best way to avoid the flu is by getting an annual flu shot. But a trip to your physician every autumn for the vaccination can help you avoid much more than the dreaded flu bug. "At the doctor's office, the focus is on you and what is going on with your health. This is your time to talk about concerns to improve your well-being beyond the flu season," says Jorge Parada, MD, MPH, the medical director of the Infection Prevention and Control Program at Loyola University Health System. [More]
State highlights: Scrutiny on for-profit surgery centers after Joan Rivers' death; Kaiser agrees to $4 million fine

State highlights: Scrutiny on for-profit surgery centers after Joan Rivers' death; Kaiser agrees to $4 million fine

A selection of health policy stories from New York, California, the District of Columbia, North Carolina and Georgia. [More]
Miriam Hospital receives grant from NIH to prevent spread of sexually transmitted HIV in women

Miriam Hospital receives grant from NIH to prevent spread of sexually transmitted HIV in women

The Miriam Hospital is part of a research collaboration that has received a $20 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop an intravaginal ring (IVR) that can deliver powerful antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted HIV in women. [More]
State highlights: Texas lawmaker proposes '3 strikes' for nursing homes

State highlights: Texas lawmaker proposes '3 strikes' for nursing homes

New Yorker Deadra Malloy was diagnosed with HIV in 1988, but she remained healthy for so long she wasn't completely convinced she was positive. [More]
Mylan releases generic version of Boniva Injection

Mylan releases generic version of Boniva Injection

Mylan Inc. today announced that it has launched Ibandronate Sodium Injection, 1 mg (base)/mL, packaged in 3 mg (base)/3 mL pre-filled glass syringes, which is the generic version of Hoffmann-La Roche's Boniva Injection. [More]
FDA approves MGH’s digital mammography system

FDA approves MGH’s digital mammography system

A digital mammography system developed based on concepts originally tested at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. [More]
UH GCSW receives NIH grant to study health consequences of heroin use

UH GCSW receives NIH grant to study health consequences of heroin use

The University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work is the recipient of a 5-year, $1.25 million grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health to study the long-term use and health consequences of heroin use. [More]