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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Scientists generate pluripotent stem cells with more stable genomes

Scientists generate pluripotent stem cells with more stable genomes

Damaged tissue, such as pancreas, heart, and neuronal tissue, which is regenerated to treat cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, or neurodegenerative diseases. This is one of the ambitious scenarios to which regenerative medicine aspires and that is being announced as one of the great promises of twenty-first century biomedicine for the treatment of a long list of diseases affecting people today. [More]
Dexcom G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring System receives FDA approval

Dexcom G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring System receives FDA approval

Dexcom, Inc., a leader in continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for patients with diabetes, announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the Dexcom G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) System. [More]
Potential biomarker could help prevent pre-diabetic individuals from developing Type II diabetes

Potential biomarker could help prevent pre-diabetic individuals from developing Type II diabetes

Virginia Tech researchers have identified a biomarker in pre-diabetic individuals that could help prevent them from developing Type II diabetes. [More]
EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial demonstrates superiority of Jardiance in T2D patients at risk for CV events

EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial demonstrates superiority of Jardiance in T2D patients at risk for CV events

Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly and Company today announced positive top-line results from EMPA-REG OUTCOME. This is a long-term clinical trial investigating cardiovascular (CV) outcomes for Jardiance (empagliflozin) in more than 7,000 adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) at high risk for CV events. [More]
New genome-wide association study sheds light on the underlying biology of polycystic ovary syndrome

New genome-wide association study sheds light on the underlying biology of polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been passed down in many families for generations -- causing reproductive and metabolic health problems for millions of women around the world. Yet, its cause remains unknown despite more than 80 years of research since the disorder was first described in 1935. [More]
Discovery could influence future research on respiratory failure associated with diabetes

Discovery could influence future research on respiratory failure associated with diabetes

Previous studies have shown that diabetes adversely affects breathing and respiratory function. However, in the past, researchers have not differentiated diaphragm muscle cells and the muscle cells of limb skeletal muscle in their studies. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri have found that diaphragm muscle cells and other skeletal muscle cells behave differently--a finding that could influence future research on respiratory ailments associated with diabetes. [More]
Johns Hopkins scientists develop novel fish embryo technique to identify potential new treatments for diabetes

Johns Hopkins scientists develop novel fish embryo technique to identify potential new treatments for diabetes

In experiments with 500,000 genetically engineered zebrafish embryos, Johns Hopkins scientists report they have developed a potentially better and more accurate way to screen for useful drugs, and they have used it to identify 24 drug candidates that increase the number of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. [More]
Liraglutide drug combined with diet and exercise promotes weight loss in diabetic patients

Liraglutide drug combined with diet and exercise promotes weight loss in diabetic patients

Among overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes, daily injection of the diabetes drug liraglutide with a modified insulin pen device, in addition to diet and exercise, resulted in greater weight loss over 56 weeks compared with placebo, according to a study in the August 18 issue of JAMA. [More]
Study reports results of genetic testing for 22 genetic causes of neonatal diabetes

Study reports results of genetic testing for 22 genetic causes of neonatal diabetes

Over a 10 year period, the time that babies receive genetic testing after being diagnosed with diabetes has fallen from over four years to under two months. Pinpointing the exact genetic causes of sometimes rare forms of diabetes is revolutionising healthcare for these patients. [More]
FSU study reveals new method for treating diabetes

FSU study reveals new method for treating diabetes

A new Florida State University study is changing how researchers look at diabetes research and the drugs used to treat the disease. [More]
Researchers report increasing disparities between resource inputs, outcomes in biomedical research

Researchers report increasing disparities between resource inputs, outcomes in biomedical research

As more money has been spent on biomedical research in the United States over the past 50 years, there has been diminished return on investment in terms of life expectancy gains and new drug approvals, two Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers say. [More]
Muscle mass appears to ward off bad cardiovascular effects of obesity

Muscle mass appears to ward off bad cardiovascular effects of obesity

Even without losing fat, more muscle appears to go a long way in fighting off the bad cardiovascular effects of obesity. That emerging evidence has scientists looking hard for new targets to uncouple the unhealthy relationship between fat and cardiovascular disease. [More]
FDA accepts Chiasma's NDA filing for octreotide capsules for treatment of adult patients with acromegaly

FDA accepts Chiasma's NDA filing for octreotide capsules for treatment of adult patients with acromegaly

Chiasma, Inc., a U.S. late-stage biopharmaceutical company, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has accepted for filing the Company's New Drug Application (NDA) for the marketing and sale of octreotide capsules, an oral drug proposed for the maintenance therapy of adult patients with acromegaly. [More]
Low-fat diets better than low-carb diets for weight loss, NIH study finds

Low-fat diets better than low-carb diets for weight loss, NIH study finds

In a recent study, restricting dietary fat led to body fat loss at a rate 68 percent higher than cutting the same number of carbohydrate calories when adults with obesity ate strictly controlled diets. Carb restriction lowered production of the fat-regulating hormone insulin and increased fat burning as expected, whereas fat restriction had no observed changes in insulin production or fat burning. [More]
Study finds no added benefit for insulin degludec and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes

Study finds no added benefit for insulin degludec and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes

The fixed-ratio combination of the two drugs insulin degludec and liraglutide (trade name: Xultophy) has been approved since September 2014 for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is given as an injection in addition to other blood-glucose lowering drugs when these alone or in combination with basal insulin are insufficient to lower blood glucose levels. [More]
Insulin pump users face less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

Insulin pump users face less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

People with type 1 diabetes who use insulin pump therapy face almost 50% less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than those who take insulin by multiple daily injections. The British Medical Journal has published a study conducted at Sahlgrenska Academy. [More]
New VA study demonstrates cardiovascular benefits of testosterone replacement therapy

New VA study demonstrates cardiovascular benefits of testosterone replacement therapy

A Veterans Affairs database study of more than 83,000 patients found that men whose low testosterone was restored to normal through gels, patches, or injections had a lower risk of heart attack, stroke, or death from any cause, versus similar men who were not treated. [More]
Lexicon Pharmaceuticals' revenues decrease to $0.4 million in second quarter 2015

Lexicon Pharmaceuticals' revenues decrease to $0.4 million in second quarter 2015

Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., today reported financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2015 and provided an overview of key milestones for the company's lead drug candidates. [More]
Researchers show how microbiota protects against type 1 diabetes development

Researchers show how microbiota protects against type 1 diabetes development

Our bodies have ten times the amount of microbes than human cells. This set of bacteria is called microbiota. In some instances, bacteria known as pathogens can cause infectious diseases. However, these micro-organisms can also protect us from certain diseases. Researchers from Inserm, Paris Descartes University and the CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Research), through collaboration with teams from China and Sweden, have recently shown how microbiota protects against the development of type 1 diabetes. [More]
Inflammation from diets deficient in nutrients contribute to weight despite intake of macronutrients

Inflammation from diets deficient in nutrients contribute to weight despite intake of macronutrients

If you are watching what you eat, working out, and still not seeing improvements in your cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, etc., here's some hope. A new report appearing in the August 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal suggests that inflammation induced by deficiencies in vitamins and minerals might be the culprit. [More]
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