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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Fast decline in insulin sensitivity seen in pre-diabetic South Asians

Fast decline in insulin sensitivity seen in pre-diabetic South Asians

People of south Asian descent who have Type 2 diabetes show a more rapid decline in fasting glucose levels than White individuals even before they develop the disease, new findings from the Whitehall II study suggest. [More]
Researchers discover new molecular mechanism that plays crucial role in age-dependent diabetes

Researchers discover new molecular mechanism that plays crucial role in age-dependent diabetes

Ageing of insulin-secreting cells is coupled to a progressive decline in signal transduction and insulin release, according to a recent study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. [More]
Gut hormone-drug combination therapy more effective at improving type 2 diabetes

Gut hormone-drug combination therapy more effective at improving type 2 diabetes

Combined treatment with a drug that mimics the action of a gut hormone and basal insulin is more effective at improving blood sugar control than other anti-diabetic treatments, with similar rates of hypoglycaemia (dangerously low blood sugar levels) and greater weight loss, a systematic review and meta-analysis published in The Lancet shows. [More]
ChromaDex signs NIAGEN supply agreement with Healthy Directions

ChromaDex signs NIAGEN supply agreement with Healthy Directions

ChromaDex Corp., an innovative natural products company that provides proprietary ingredients and science-based solutions to the dietary supplement, food and beverage, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, announced today that it has entered into an ingredient supply agreement with Healthy Directions, a direct-to-consumer nutritional supplement retailer and wholly-owned subsidiary of Helen of Troy Limited. [More]
FDA approves Contrave extended-release tablets for chronic weight management

FDA approves Contrave extended-release tablets for chronic weight management

Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Orexigen® Therapeutics, Inc. jointly announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Contrave® extended-release tablets as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity for chronic weight management in adults with an initial body mass index of 30 kg/m2 or greater (obese), or 27 kg/m2 or greater (overweight) in the presence of at least one weight-related comorbid condition. [More]
Clinical trial of stem cell-derived therapy for patients with Type 1 diabetes

Clinical trial of stem cell-derived therapy for patients with Type 1 diabetes

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, in partnership with ViaCyte, Inc., a San Diego-based biotechnology firm specializing in regenerative medicine, have launched the first-ever human Phase I/II clinical trial of a stem cell-derived therapy for patients with Type 1 diabetes. [More]
Lilly and Boehringer Ingelheim's insulin glargine product gets marketing approval from EC

Lilly and Boehringer Ingelheim's insulin glargine product gets marketing approval from EC

The European Commission granted marketing authorisation for Eli Lilly and Company and Boehringer Ingelheim's insulin glargine product, indicated to treat diabetes in adults, adolescents and children aged 2 years and above. [More]
Beta-O2 receives grant from JDRF to study ßAir bio-artificial pancreas for treatment of T1D

Beta-O2 receives grant from JDRF to study ßAir bio-artificial pancreas for treatment of T1D

Beta-O2 announced today that it has received a $500K grant from JDRF. The grant will be used to help fund a $1M pilot human study of Beta-O2's ßAir bio-artificial pancreas, in development as a treatment and potential cure for type 1 diabetes (T1D). [More]
Regular consumption of mango by obese adults may lower blood sugar levels

Regular consumption of mango by obese adults may lower blood sugar levels

Research published in the journal Nutrition and Metabolic Insights found that regular consumption of mango by obese adults may lower blood sugar levels and does not negatively impact body weight. [More]
Endo International introduces topical testosterone gel, FORTESTA Gel

Endo International introduces topical testosterone gel, FORTESTA Gel

Endo International plc announced today that it has introduced the first and only generic 2% topical testosterone gel, an authorized generic of FORTESTA® Gel (testosterone gel) CIII. [More]
Positive clinical data for first procedural therapy to treat type 2 diabetes from Fractyl

Positive clinical data for first procedural therapy to treat type 2 diabetes from Fractyl

Fractyl Laboratories Inc. today announced positive clinical data for the first procedural therapy to directly treat the underlying digestive causes of insulin resistance in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. [More]
ANP reports primary efficacy results from ATL1103 Phase II trial in patients with acromegaly

ANP reports primary efficacy results from ATL1103 Phase II trial in patients with acromegaly

Antisense Therapeutics Limited is pleased to report the primary efficacy results from its Phase II clinical trial of ATL1103 in patients with the potentially life threatening growth disorder, acromegaly. [More]
Coffee increases risk of prediabetes in young adults with hypertension

Coffee increases risk of prediabetes in young adults with hypertension

Coffee increases the risk of prediabetes in young adults with hypertension who are slow caffeine metabolisers, according to results from the HARVEST study presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Lucio Mos from Italy. People who drank more than three cups of coffee per day doubled their risk of prediabetes. [More]
Scientists develop synthetic amino acid that can impact 3D structure of bioactive peptides

Scientists develop synthetic amino acid that can impact 3D structure of bioactive peptides

One of the greatest challenges in modern medicine is developing drugs that are highly effective against a target, but with minimal toxicity and side-effects to the patient. Such properties are directly related to the 3D structure of the drug molecule. [More]
Specific foods and dietary patterns help prevent, control diabetes

Specific foods and dietary patterns help prevent, control diabetes

In a comprehensive review of recent randomized clinical trials and observational studies of diabetes and nutrition, Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard School of Public Health investigators have identified specific foods and dietary patterns that are beneficial in preventing and controlling diabetes. [More]
Engineers bring touch of color to glucose monitoring

Engineers bring touch of color to glucose monitoring

University of Illinois engineers are bringing a touch of color to glucose monitoring. The researchers developed a new continuous glucose monitoring material that changes color as glucose levels fluctuate, and the wavelength shift is so precise that doctors and patients may be able to use it for automatic insulin dosing - something not possible using current point measurements like test strips. [More]
Jardiance (empagliflozin) tablets now available in U.S. for people with diabetes

Jardiance (empagliflozin) tablets now available in U.S. for people with diabetes

Jardiance (empagliflozin) tablets are now available by prescription in pharmacies across the United States, including Walgreens, Rite Aid, Kroger and many other leading chain and independent retailers, according to Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Eli Lilly and Company. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers discover crucial link between high insulin levels and obesity pathways

UT Southwestern researchers discover crucial link between high insulin levels and obesity pathways

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a crucial link between high levels of insulin and pathways that lead to obesity, a finding that may have important implications when treating diabetes. [More]
BD announces winners of 2014 "Innovations in Care" awards

BD announces winners of 2014 "Innovations in Care" awards

BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), a leading global medical technology company – together with Direct Relief and the National Association of Community Health Centers – has announced the winners of the 2014 "Innovations in Care" awards to seven community health centers as part of the BD Helping Build Healthy CommunitiesSM initiative. [More]
Study: Low birth weight may put African American women at higher risk for type 2 diabetes

Study: Low birth weight may put African American women at higher risk for type 2 diabetes

African American women born at a low or very low birth weight may be at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The findings, which appear in Diabetes Care, may explain in part the higher occurrence of type 2 diabetes in African American populations, which has a high prevalence of low birth weight. [More]