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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
FDA approves automated insulin delivery device for type 1 diabetes

FDA approves automated insulin delivery device for type 1 diabetes

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a device that automatically monitors blood glucose levels and delivers insulin when appropriate, for people aged 14 years and older who have type 1 diabetes. [More]
Does exercise eliminate the ill effects of sitting? An interview with Prof. Ulf Ekelund

Does exercise eliminate the ill effects of sitting? An interview with Prof. Ulf Ekelund

In short, the detrimental effects of sitting for prolonged hours can be divided into acute, or short-term, and long-term effects. [More]
FDA approves Medtronic's ‘artificial pancreas’ for type 1 diabetes patients

FDA approves Medtronic's ‘artificial pancreas’ for type 1 diabetes patients

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Medtronic's MiniMed 670G hybrid closed looped system, the first FDA-approved device that is intended to automatically monitor glucose (sugar) and provide appropriate basal insulin doses in people 14 years of age and older with type 1 diabetes. [More]
New study reveals endocrine biological function of brown adipose tissue

New study reveals endocrine biological function of brown adipose tissue

Brown adipose tissue -main organ generating heat in the body- is also an endocrine organ that secretes signaling factors that activate the fat and carbohydrates metabolism. [More]
NTU scientists develop new test kit for rapid detection of inflammation in diabetic patients

NTU scientists develop new test kit for rapid detection of inflammation in diabetic patients

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore have developed a new kit that will allow doctors to find out within minutes if diabetic patients are suffering from inflammation. [More]
Study provides insights into how insulin resistance, diabetes begin

Study provides insights into how insulin resistance, diabetes begin

Does eating too much sugar cause type 2 diabetes? The answer may not be simple, but a study published Sept. 26 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation adds to growing research linking excessive sugar consumption -- specifically the sugar fructose -- to a rise in metabolic disease worldwide. [More]
Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline recommends CGMs for Type 1 diabetes patients

Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline recommends CGMs for Type 1 diabetes patients

The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline recommending continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) as the gold standard of care for adults with Type 1 diabetes. [More]
Bile acid transporter inhibitors can prevent NASH in mice, study shows

Bile acid transporter inhibitors can prevent NASH in mice, study shows

Drugs that interfere with bile acid recycling can prevent several aspects of NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) in mice fed a high-fat diet, scientists from Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta have shown. [More]
Improving muscle health could enhance response to insulin in Type 1 diabetes patients

Improving muscle health could enhance response to insulin in Type 1 diabetes patients

Loss of physical strength due to muscle deterioration is a complication for people living with Type 1 diabetes that's often overlooked. New research from McMaster University shows it shouldn't be. [More]
Loyola specialists cure patient’s acute pancreatitis

Loyola specialists cure patient’s acute pancreatitis

Larry Jacob got the call every parent fears. His daughter was sick, away at college and needed help. Mr. Jacob left his home in the Chicago suburbs and was driving to Western Illinois University when he suddenly doubled over in pain. [More]
DigitalHealth.London launches new Accelerator programme to support cohort of health businesses

DigitalHealth.London launches new Accelerator programme to support cohort of health businesses

We are excited to announce the launch of the very first cohort of the DigitalHealth.London Accelerator programme, on 12 September 2016. [More]
Real-time MRI guidance could help target and deliver stem cell therapies

Real-time MRI guidance could help target and deliver stem cell therapies

Working with animals, a team of scientists reports it has delivered stem cells to the brain with unprecedented precision by threading a catheter through an artery and infusing the cells under real-time MRI guidance. [More]
Oral antidiabetic drug modulates the body's nitrogen and urea metabolism

Oral antidiabetic drug modulates the body's nitrogen and urea metabolism

The most frequently prescribed oral antidiabetic drug metformin significantly affects metabolic pathways. [More]
Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

Research shows how placenta umpires fight for nutrients between pregnant mother and foetus

New research provides the first clear evidence that the amount of nutrients transported to the foetus by the placenta adjusts according to both the foetal drive for growth, and the mother's physical ability to provide. [More]
Researchers uncover specific sites in the genome linked to high blood pressure

Researchers uncover specific sites in the genome linked to high blood pressure

Three large, collaborating international consortia of researchers, including a team co-led by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, have uncovered new genes and sites in the genome tied to elevated blood pressure, implicating certain biological pathways and pointing toward new therapeutic strategies for treating hypertension. [More]
Cone snail venom could hold key to efficient therapies for diabetes

Cone snail venom could hold key to efficient therapies for diabetes

New research has found that venom extracted from a species of marine cone snail could hold the key to developing 'ultra-fast-acting' insulins, leading to more efficient therapies for diabetes management. [More]
Exposure to air pollution at place of residence could be risk factor for type 2 diabetes

Exposure to air pollution at place of residence could be risk factor for type 2 diabetes

Exposure to air pollution at the place of residence increases the risk of developing insulin resistance as a pre-diabetic state of type 2 diabetes. [More]
Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Type II diabetes and Parkinson's disease may not appear to have much in common but a look below the surface reveals important molecular similarities that provide a potential target for fighting Parkinson's. [More]
Teenagers experience rapid drop in number of calories burned during puberty, study finds

Teenagers experience rapid drop in number of calories burned during puberty, study finds

An acceleration in obesity among young teenagers could be explained by a 12-year-long study which found that the number of calories they burn while at rest drops suddenly in puberty. [More]
Stealth insulin-producing pig cells may offer solution for treating Type 1 diabetes in humans

Stealth insulin-producing pig cells may offer solution for treating Type 1 diabetes in humans

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are exploring ways to wrap pig tissue with a protective coating to ultimately fight diabetes in humans. The nano-thin bilayers of protective material are meant to deter or prevent immune rejection. [More]
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