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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Treatment outcomes in type 1 diabetes could be improved across all age groups

Treatment outcomes in type 1 diabetes could be improved across all age groups

In a sweeping analysis assessing the current state of diabetes treatment in the U.S., T1D Exchange researchers conclude that there remains considerable room for improving treatment outcomes in type 1 diabetes across all age groups, but especially for adolescents and young adults. [More]
Splicing pattern of obesity, type 2 diabetes genes may contribute to pathophysiology of obesity

Splicing pattern of obesity, type 2 diabetes genes may contribute to pathophysiology of obesity

Alternative splicing of obesity and type 2 diabetes related genes may contribute to the pathophysiology of obesity, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland. Obesity leads to changes in the splicing pattern of metabolically relevant genes such as TCF7L2 and INSR, resulting in impaired insulin action. [More]
Continuous glucose monitoring using real-time CGM helps better manage diabetes

Continuous glucose monitoring using real-time CGM helps better manage diabetes

Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes can better control their HbA1c value with a combination of blood glucose self-monitoring (BGSM) and continuous interstitial glucose monitoring (CGM) using a real-time measurement device (real-time CGM) than with BGSM alone without severe or serious hypoglycaemia occurring more frequently. [More]
Tandem Diabetes Care announces release of t:flex Insulin Pump

Tandem Diabetes Care announces release of t:flex Insulin Pump

Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc., a medical device company and manufacturer of the t:slim Insulin Pump, today announced that it is now taking orders for the t:flex Insulin Pump, with shipments planned to begin in June. The 480-unit t:flex Pump, cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in January 2015, is the largest capacity insulin pump currently offered in the United States. [More]
MIT researchers find way to develop implantable devices that can avoid scar-tissue buildup

MIT researchers find way to develop implantable devices that can avoid scar-tissue buildup

Biomedical devices that can be implanted in the body for drug delivery, tissue engineering, or sensing can help improve treatment for many diseases. However, such devices are often susceptible to attack by the immune system, which can render them useless. [More]
Research leads way for noninvasive detection of early stage liver cancer

Research leads way for noninvasive detection of early stage liver cancer

Led by Georgia State University, researchers have developed the first robust and noninvasive detection of early stage liver cancer and liver metastases, in addition to other liver diseases, such as cirrhosis and liver fibrosis. [More]
New study discovers master switch that drives heart cell maturation process

New study discovers master switch that drives heart cell maturation process

A molecular switch that seems to be essential for embryonic heart cells to grow into more mature, adult-like heart cells has been discovered. [More]
Obese people at greater risk of developing cancer

Obese people at greater risk of developing cancer

Cancer is more likely to develop in people who are very overweight (obese), because surplus body fat interferes with various hormone cycles and with glucose and fat metabolism. On the occasion of European Obesity Day this coming Saturday (16 May), metabolic expert Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Comprehensive Cancer Center at MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital, draws attention to the fact that, even in Austria, more and more people are suffering from obesity. [More]
Debiotech agrees to acquire exclusive rights on iSense CGM technology for use with patch pumps

Debiotech agrees to acquire exclusive rights on iSense CGM technology for use with patch pumps

Debiotech of Switzerland and iSense CGM, Inc. of the US, announced today having entered into an Agreement under which Debiotech has the option to acquire the exclusive rights on the iSense CGM product and technology for use with patch pumps for diabetes therapy. Financial terms and conditions of the Agreement are not disclosed. [More]
Orexigen Therapeutics provides update on business and financial results for Q1 2015

Orexigen Therapeutics provides update on business and financial results for Q1 2015

Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc. today announced business and financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2015. [More]
Researchers reveal mechanisms involved in development of metabolic complications linked to obesity

Researchers reveal mechanisms involved in development of metabolic complications linked to obesity

Metabolic complications of obesity and overweight, such as type 2 diabetes, are an important challenge to public health. Teams led by Nicolas Venteclef, Inserm Research Fellow (Cordeliers Research Centre, Inserm/Pierre and Marie Curie University Joint Research Unit 1138, Paris, France) and Irina Udalova (Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, University of Oxford, UK) in collaboration with several teams, have succeeded in elucidating part of the mechanisms involved in the development of these metabolic complications associated with obesity. [More]
Study: Health care spending for children with diabetes rises from 2011 to 2013

Study: Health care spending for children with diabetes rises from 2011 to 2013

Per capita health care spending for children with diabetes covered by employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) grew faster than for any other age group with diabetes, rising 7% from 2011 to 2012 and 9.6% from 2012 to 2013, according to a study released today by the Health Care Cost Institute (HCCI). [More]
SLU study explores benefits of exercise and diet in managing Type 2 diabetes risk

SLU study explores benefits of exercise and diet in managing Type 2 diabetes risk

In a paper recently published in Diabetes Care, Saint Louis University associate professor of nutrition and dietetics Edward Weiss, Ph.D, and colleagues found that, though people often think of the benefits from exercise, calorie restriction and weight loss as interchangeable, it appears that they may all offer distinct and cumulative benefits when it comes to managing Type 2 diabetes risk. [More]
Certain metabolites in the blood could predict clinical outcome in children undergoing heart surgery

Certain metabolites in the blood could predict clinical outcome in children undergoing heart surgery

The study, published today in the journal Critical Care Medicine and carried out at Royal Brompton Hospital, followed children undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease, and found that by analysing metabolites in the blood -- molecules created as a result of metabolism -- it was possible to predict a child's clinical outcome. [More]
JDRF, Lilly partner to make life better for people with type 1 diabetes

JDRF, Lilly partner to make life better for people with type 1 diabetes

JDRF, the leading global organization funding type 1 diabetes (T1D) research, and Eli Lilly and Company, a global leader in diabetes care announced a two-year partnership that will provide $1.8 Million in support of JDRF's mission to improving the lives of people with T1D. [More]
Scientists identify mechanism that explains how some stem cells get new identity

Scientists identify mechanism that explains how some stem cells get new identity

Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have identified one mechanism that explains how some stem cells choose to become a given cell type: the cells combine specific sets of proteins at precise positions along the DNA. When these particular groups of proteins are combined, the gates are opened so that certain groups of genes can now be used, giving the cells a new identity. [More]
Accelerated brain aging related to cognitive complications observed in people with type 1 diabetes

Accelerated brain aging related to cognitive complications observed in people with type 1 diabetes

The brains of people with type 1 diabetes show signs of accelerated aging that correlate with slower information processing, according to research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. [More]
Researchers uncover new connection between Alzheimer's disease and diabetes

Researchers uncover new connection between Alzheimer's disease and diabetes

Researchers have uncovered a unique connection between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, providing further evidence that a disease that robs people of their memories may be affected by elevated blood sugar, according to scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
IQWiG finds minor added benefit of dulaglutide in combination with short-acting insulin for type 2 diabetes

IQWiG finds minor added benefit of dulaglutide in combination with short-acting insulin for type 2 diabetes

Since 2014 dulaglutide has been approved alone or in combination with other drugs for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. The German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care examined in a dossier assessment whether this new drug offers an added benefit over the appropriate comparator therapies. [More]
Pre-POINT trial raises hope for Type 1 diabetes prevention

Pre-POINT trial raises hope for Type 1 diabetes prevention

Giving oral insulin to children at genetic high risk of diabetes stimulates a regulatory immune response without inducing hypoglycaemia, show the findings of the Pre-POINT study. [More]
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