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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Early intervention with GLP-1 analogues may delay onset of type 2 diabetes

Early intervention with GLP-1 analogues may delay onset of type 2 diabetes

GLP-1 is a hormone that regulates glucose levels in the body by stimulating the secretion of insulin, and GLP-1 also inhibits appetite. "We have found that GLP-1 is reduced by up to 25% among people with pre-diabetes and up to 20% among obese people compared to normal weight people. [More]
Researchers successfully convert adult human skin cells into neurons that control appetite

Researchers successfully convert adult human skin cells into neurons that control appetite

Researchers have for the first time successfully converted adult human skin cells into neurons of the type that regulate appetite, providing a patient-specific model for studying the neurophysiology of weight control and testing new therapies for obesity. [More]
Feast-or-famine diet may extend lifespan, improve age-related diseases

Feast-or-famine diet may extend lifespan, improve age-related diseases

University of Florida Health researchers have found that putting people on a feast-or-famine diet may mimic some of the benefits of fasting, and that adding antioxidant supplements may counteract those benefits. [More]
Predicting the development of type 1 diabetes is possible, shows TEDDY study

Predicting the development of type 1 diabetes is possible, shows TEDDY study

New research shows that it is possible to predict the development of type 1 diabetes. By measuring the presence of autoantibodies in the blood, it is possible to detect whether the immune system has begun to break down the body's own insulin cells. [More]
Emulsifiers can alter gut microbiota composition to induce intestinal inflammation

Emulsifiers can alter gut microbiota composition to induce intestinal inflammation

Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes the development of inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome, new research shows. [More]
Sanofi announces FDA approval of Toujeo insulin to improve glycemic control in people with diabetes

Sanofi announces FDA approval of Toujeo insulin to improve glycemic control in people with diabetes

Sanofi announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Toujeo (insulin glargine [rDNA origin] injection, 300 U/mL), a once-daily long-acting basal insulin, to improve glycemic control in adults living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Toujeo is expected to be available in the U.S. at the beginning of Q2 2015. [More]
DPP-4 inhibitors effective against low blood sugar levels

DPP-4 inhibitors effective against low blood sugar levels

DPP-4 inhibitors are a group of drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes that lower high blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin production in the body. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now discovered that DPP-4 inhibitors are also effective against low blood sugar levels. [More]
Tandem Diabetes Care announces release of t:simulator App

Tandem Diabetes Care announces release of t:simulator App

Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc., a medical device company and manufacturer of the t:slim and t:flex Insulin Pumps, today announced the release of the t:simulator App, which mimics the touchscreen interface and features of the t:slim Insulin Pump. [More]
Study: Growth hormone can improve social impairment in patients with Phelan-McDermid syndrome

Study: Growth hormone can improve social impairment in patients with Phelan-McDermid syndrome

A growth hormone can significantly improve the social impairment associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in patients with a related genetic syndrome, according to a pilot study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published yesterday on Pub Med, a public database of biomedical topics maintained by the National Institutes of Health (study originally published in the December 12 issue of the journal Molecular Autism). [More]
New research finds that synthetic flame retardants can cause metabolic and liver problems

New research finds that synthetic flame retardants can cause metabolic and liver problems

Chemicals used as synthetic flame retardants that are found in common household items such as couches, carpet padding, and electronics have been found to cause metabolic and liver problems that can lead to insulin resistance, which is a major cause of obesity, according to new research from the University of New Hampshire. [More]
Sleep loss can lead to diabetes, reveals new research

Sleep loss can lead to diabetes, reveals new research

Lack of sleep can elevate levels of free fatty acids in the blood, accompanied by temporary pre-diabetic conditions in healthy young men, according to new research published online February 19, 2015, in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. [More]
Study: Definitive indicator of diabetes control deceptively high in African-American children

Study: Definitive indicator of diabetes control deceptively high in African-American children

A new study confirms the findings of two earlier LSU Health New Orleans studies that the definitive indicator of diabetes control, the HbA1c, is deceptively high in African-American children. [More]
Dance Biopharm announces completion of $9.5 million convertible note and warrants financing

Dance Biopharm announces completion of $9.5 million convertible note and warrants financing

Dance Biopharm Inc., a privately-held biotechnology company focused on the development of inhaled insulin products to treat diabetes, today announced the completion of a $9.5 million convertible note and warrants financing. [More]
Study shows that plant-based vegan diet may lower heart disease risk in obese children

Study shows that plant-based vegan diet may lower heart disease risk in obese children

Obese children who begin a low-fat, plant-based vegan diet may lower their risk of heart disease through improvements in their weight, blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol levels, insulin sensitivity, and high-sensitivity C-reactive, according to Cleveland Clinic research published online today by The Journal of Pediatrics. [More]
JDRF supports Janssen's DIA approach to combat type 1 diabetes

JDRF supports Janssen's DIA approach to combat type 1 diabetes

JDRF, the leading research and advocacy organization funding type 1 diabetes (T1D) research, announced today its alignment with an innovative scientific approach of Janssen Research & Development, LLC (Janssen) and the company's Disease Interception Accelerator (DIA) group, which will focus on transforming type 1 diabetes through its disease interception strategy. [More]
Astute Medical previews upcoming AKI & CRRT 2015 conference to be held in San Diego

Astute Medical previews upcoming AKI & CRRT 2015 conference to be held in San Diego

Astute Medical, Inc., developer of the NephroCheck® Test, today previewed the upcoming AKI & CRRT 2015 conference to be held in San Diego from February 17 to February 20. [More]
Diabetes medication can help white blood cells fight bacterial infections

Diabetes medication can help white blood cells fight bacterial infections

Pioglitazone, a medication approved for treatment of type 2 diabetes, can help bypass genetic defects in chronic granulomatous disease to help white blood cells fight bacterial infections, according to researchers at National Jewish Health. [More]
First human clinical study of ChromaDex's NIAGEN nicotinamide riboside meets primary endpoint

First human clinical study of ChromaDex's NIAGEN nicotinamide riboside meets primary endpoint

ChromaDex Corp. announced today that the initial results of the first human clinical study for the company's NIAGEN nicotinamide riboside (NR) has met its primary endpoint. [More]
New type of engineered insulin could improve treatment for diabetes patients

New type of engineered insulin could improve treatment for diabetes patients

For patients with diabetes, insulin is critical to maintaining good health and normal blood-sugar levels. However, it's not an ideal solution because it can be difficult for patients to determine exactly how much insulin they need to prevent their blood sugar from swinging too high or too low. [More]
Too much folic acid during pregnancy puts daughters at risk of diabetes, obesity later in life

Too much folic acid during pregnancy puts daughters at risk of diabetes, obesity later in life

Mothers that take excessive amounts of folic acid during pregnancy may predispose their daughters to diabetes and obesity later in life, according to a new study published today in the Journal of Endocrinology. With high dose supplements being widely available, the study calls for a need to establish a safe upper limit of folic acid intake for pregnant women. [More]