Celebrex (celecoxib) is a sulfa non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, painful menstruation and menstrual symptoms, and to reduce numbers of colon and rectum polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. It is marketed by Pfizer. It is known under the brand name Celebrex or Celebra for arthritis and Onsenal for polyps. Celecoxib is available by prescription in capsule form.
Celecoxib is licensed for use in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, painful menstruation and menstrual symptoms, and to reduce the number of colon and rectal polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. It was originally intended to relieve pain while minimizing the gastrointestinal adverse effects usually seen with conventional NSAIDs. In practice, its primary indication is in patients who need regular and long term pain relief: there is probably no advantage to using celecoxib for short term or acute pain relief over conventional NSAIDs. In addition, the pain relief offered by celecoxib is similar to that offered by paracetamol (acetaminophen).
Celecoxib is not currently available as a generic in the United States, because the intellectual property is still controlled by Pfizer. However, in other countries, including India and the Philippines, it is legally available as a generic under the brand names Cobix and Celcoxx. XL Laboratories sells celecoxib under the brand name Selecap in Vietnam and the Philippines.
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