Genital warts (or Condyloma acuminata, venereal warts, anal warts and anogenital warts) is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by some sub-types of human papillomavirus (HPV).
It is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. Warts are the most easily recognized symptom of genital HPV infection.
They can be caused by strains 6, 11, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52 and 54 of HPV; types 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts cases.
70% of those who have sexual contact with an infected partner develop genital warts. Other types of HPV also cause cervical cancer and probably most anal cancers, however it is important to underline that the types of HPV that cause genital warts are not the same as those that cause penile or anal cancer.
Genital HPV infections have an estimated prevalence in the US of 10–20%
and clinical manifestations in 1% of the sexually active adult
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