Renal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms

By Dr Ananya Mandal, MD

Renal cell carcinoma is rarely detected in the early stages of disease, since there are often no obvious symptoms until the disease has reached an advanced stage.

Primary symptoms

Symptoms usually present in the middle or advanced stages of disease and typically include the following:

  1. Hematuria or presence of blood in the urine. The concentration of blood is usually high enough to turn the urine red or dark brown.
  2. Pain below the ribs where the kidneys are located.
  3. A lump in the abdomen.

However, in about 50% of cases, patients do not present with any symptoms at all and the condition is only detected during routine check ups for unrelated conditions.

Less common symptoms

Some examples of less common kidney cancer symptoms include:

  • A fever (temperature of 38˚C or above)
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • General feeling of malaise
  • Fatigue
  • Anemia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen veins in the testicles
  • Hypertension

Reviewed by , BSc

Further Reading

Last Updated: Sep 17, 2014

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