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The hippocampus is a part of the forebrain, located in the medial temporal lobe. It belongs to the limbic system and plays major roles in short term memory and spatial navigation. Humans and other mammals have two hippocampi, one in each side of the brain.
Scientists explore neurobiological factors contributing to schizophrenia

Scientists explore neurobiological factors contributing to schizophrenia

Schizophrenic psychoses are a frequently occurring group of psychiatric disorders caused by a combination of biological, social and environmental factors. [More]
Seasonal allergies may alter the brain, study shows

Seasonal allergies may alter the brain, study shows

Hay fever may do more than give you a stuffy nose and itchy eyes, seasonal allergies may change the brain, says a study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. [More]
Novel therapeutic strategy could target multiple aspects of Alzheimer's disease

Novel therapeutic strategy could target multiple aspects of Alzheimer's disease

Therapeutic strategies targeting Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related molecule β-amyloid (Aβ), Tau protein and BACE enzyme have been recently explored. However the therapeutic efficacy for a single target is not ideal. [More]
New research provides insight into how exercise helps retain old memories

New research provides insight into how exercise helps retain old memories

Research has found that exercise causes more new neurons to be formed in a critical brain region, and contrary to an earlier study, these new neurons do not cause the individual to forget old memories, according to research by Texas A&M College of Medicine scientists, in the Journal of Neuroscience. [More]
Regular physical exercise could lead to higher brain volumes and decreased dementia risk

Regular physical exercise could lead to higher brain volumes and decreased dementia risk

Using the landmark Framingham Heart Study to assess how physical activity affects the size of the brain and one's risk for developing dementia, UCLA researchers found an association between low physical activity and a higher risk for dementia in older individuals. [More]
Scientists uncover novel sites of expression in the brain for gene linked to ALS and FTD

Scientists uncover novel sites of expression in the brain for gene linked to ALS and FTD

For the first time novel expression sites in the brain have been identified for a gene which is associated with Motor Neuron Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia. [More]
Overcoming gene silencing barriers to target neurological conditions: an interview with Dr Errol de Souza

Overcoming gene silencing barriers to target neurological conditions: an interview with Dr Errol de Souza

Many gene mutations that cause neurological disorders have been identified. For example, in a rare neurological disorder such as Huntington’s disease, an autosomal dominant mutation through expansion of CAG (cytosine-adenine-guanine) triplet repeats in the gene coding for the Huntingtin protein results in abnormal protein production. [More]
Shrinkage in hippocampal volume linked to stress-induced memory loss

Shrinkage in hippocampal volume linked to stress-induced memory loss

"My workload has shot up after my last promotion, I know that I'm stressed out," says a management executive from Delhi. [More]
Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

If Dr. Kalipada Pahan's research pans out, the standard advice for failing students might one day be: Study harder and eat your cinnamon! [More]
Neuroscientists investigate how our brain puts the world in order

Neuroscientists investigate how our brain puts the world in order

The world around is complex and changing constantly. To put it in order, we devise categories into which we sort new concepts. [More]
Researchers discover novel neuroprotection strategies to slow progression of Parkinson's disease

Researchers discover novel neuroprotection strategies to slow progression of Parkinson's disease

Using a robust model for Parkinson's disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers and colleagues have discovered an interaction in neurons that contributes to Parkinson's disease, and they have shown that drugs now under development may block the process. [More]
Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

New findings published today by a team of researchers led by Dr. Andres Lozano at the Krembil Neuroscience Centre of Toronto Western Hospital have provided further insight into the effects of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. [More]
New study reveals significance of critical periods in early-life learning on brain development

New study reveals significance of critical periods in early-life learning on brain development

A new study on infantile memory formation in rats points to the importance of critical periods in early-life learning on functional development of the brain. [More]
Genes linked to Alzheimer's disease may show effects on the brain from childhood

Genes linked to Alzheimer's disease may show effects on the brain from childhood

A gene associated with Alzheimer's disease and recovery after brain injury may show its effects on the brain and thinking skills as early as childhood, according to a study published in the July 13, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Western-style diet impairs memory inhibition leading to dietary excess

Western-style diet impairs memory inhibition leading to dietary excess

Obesity may ultimately be a disease of the brain, involving a progressive deterioration of various cognitive processes that influence eating. [More]
Scientists reveal how manipulating novel target in the brain could lead to new therapies for depression

Scientists reveal how manipulating novel target in the brain could lead to new therapies for depression

Northwestern Medicine scientists have shown how manipulating a novel target in the brain using gene therapy could lead to new treatments for depression. [More]
Extra-coding RNA modulates neuronal DNA methylation patterns

Extra-coding RNA modulates neuronal DNA methylation patterns

The creation of memories in the brain involves addition or removal of methyl groups at precise spots on chromosomal DNA. But what controls the careful targeting of these neuronal DNA methylation dynamics? [More]
Hippocampal inflammation linked to depressive symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis

Hippocampal inflammation linked to depressive symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis

Patients with multiple sclerosis have higher rates of depression than the general population, including people with other life-long disabling diseases. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis arise from an abnormal response of the body's immune system. [More]
Genetic risk score may help detect Alzheimer's disease risk in healthy young adults

Genetic risk score may help detect Alzheimer's disease risk in healthy young adults

New research shows that a genetic risk score may detect those at higher risk for Alzheimer's disease long before symptoms appear—even possibly in healthy young adults, according to a study published in the July 6, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Scientists reveal how new adult-born neurons evolve in olfactory bulb of mice

Scientists reveal how new adult-born neurons evolve in olfactory bulb of mice

Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS were able to make real-time observations over a period of several months that reveal how new adult-born neurons are formed and evolve in the olfactory bulb of mice. [More]
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