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Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
Lifestyle impacts likelihood of developing metabolic syndrome in childhood cancer survivors

Lifestyle impacts likelihood of developing metabolic syndrome in childhood cancer survivors

A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study found that 73 percent of adult survivors of childhood cancer more than doubled their risk of developing metabolic syndrome and related health problems by failing to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle. The results appear in the current issue of the journal Cancer. [More]
AACC unveils updated brand identity

AACC unveils updated brand identity

AACC, a global scientific and medical professional organization dedicated to better health through laboratory medicine, unveiled an updated brand identity today that reflects the organization's commitment to help laboratory professionals adapt to the changing healthcare environment and continue to do what they do best: provide vital insight to physicians, so patients get the care they need. [More]
Scientists find high proportion of oral bacteria in gut microbiota of liver cirrhosis patients

Scientists find high proportion of oral bacteria in gut microbiota of liver cirrhosis patients

Scientists from INRA in collaboration with a Chinese team found that the gut microbiota[1] of individuals with liver cirrhosis differ notably from healthy individuals', showing a high proportion of oral bacteria. [More]
Energy drinks can cause adverse health effects, says GPM Pediatrics doctor

Energy drinks can cause adverse health effects, says GPM Pediatrics doctor

Dr. Michael Gabriel of GPM Pediatrics, a noted Staten Island Pediatrician clinic, responds to an article, which discusses how bad energy drinks can be for children. [More]
Xbp1s protein plays key role in brain regions to regulate metabolism

Xbp1s protein plays key role in brain regions to regulate metabolism

A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. [More]
New book describes worldwide initiatives to prevent the crisis of obesity and diabetes

New book describes worldwide initiatives to prevent the crisis of obesity and diabetes

Prediabetes and Diabetes increasingly consume the healthcare community and remain priority areas that require immediate attention. [More]
Researchers examine effects of bacteria in fighting against obesity

Researchers examine effects of bacteria in fighting against obesity

A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet in mice, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered. [More]
Discovery could lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes, obesity

Discovery could lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes, obesity

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified neural pathways that increase understanding of how the brain regulates body weight, energy expenditure, and blood glucose levels - a discovery that can lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes and obesity. [More]
Unique bacterial biomarkers may help develop diagnostics, treatments for liver cirrhosis

Unique bacterial biomarkers may help develop diagnostics, treatments for liver cirrhosis

ENTEROME Bioscience SA, a pioneer in the development of innovative disease management solutions based on a deep understanding of the gut microbiome, and with a strong focus on liver diseases, highlights the advanced online publication in Nature of a research paper describing the identification of a unique series of bacterial biomarkers that could provide new opportunities for the development of diagnostics and treatments for liver cirrhosis. [More]
Parent involvement in primary care setting results in sustained weight loss for parent and child

Parent involvement in primary care setting results in sustained weight loss for parent and child

Primary care treatment of overweight and obese preschoolers works better when treatment targets both parent and child compared to when only the child is targeted, according to research published this week in Pediatrics and conducted at the University at Buffalo and Women and Children's Hospital of Buffalo. [More]
Study: Slow walking, memory complaints may predict future dementia

Study: Slow walking, memory complaints may predict future dementia

A study involving nearly 27,000 older adults on five continents found that nearly 1 in 10 met criteria for pre-dementia based on a simple test that measures how fast people walk and whether they have cognitive complaints. [More]
Epigenetic switch can cause cancer, shows study

Epigenetic switch can cause cancer, shows study

Cancer has long been thought to be primarily a genetic disease, but in recent decades scientists have come to believe that epigenetic changes - which don't change the DNA sequence but how it is 'read' - also play a role in cancer. [More]
Study identifies molecular mechanisms could lead to new therapies to treat obesity, diabetes

Study identifies molecular mechanisms could lead to new therapies to treat obesity, diabetes

A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. [More]
Researchers recommend low carbohydrate diet for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Researchers recommend low carbohydrate diet for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

A new study involving researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and other institutions says patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes should eat a diet low in carbohydrates. [More]
New therapeutic interventions that target brain regions can prevent obesity

New therapeutic interventions that target brain regions can prevent obesity

Unlocking the secrets to better treating the pernicious disorders of obesity and dementia reside in the brain, according to a paper from American University's Center for Behavioral Neuroscience. [More]
More than half the world’s population is host to newly described gut virus

More than half the world’s population is host to newly described gut virus

Odds are, there-s a virus living inside your gut that has gone undetected by scientists for decades. A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University has found that more than half the world-s population is host to a newly described virus, named crAssphage, which infects one of the most common types of gut bacteria, Bacteroidetes. [More]
Researchers receive inaugural funding from AHA to prevent heart disease and stroke

Researchers receive inaugural funding from AHA to prevent heart disease and stroke

Researchers and clinicians at UT Southwestern Medical Center are among a small, select group at U.S. universities to receive inaugural funding from the American Heart Association (AHA) for work that takes aim at heart disease and stroke. [More]
Obese people have low endurance, experience excess fatigue in workplace

Obese people have low endurance, experience excess fatigue in workplace

Workplaces may need to consider innovative meethods to prevent fatigue from developing in employees who are obese. Based on results from a new study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, workers who are obese may have significantly shorter endurance times when perfroming workplace tasks, compared with non-obese counterparts. [More]
People with higher levels of brown fat have better blood sugar control

People with higher levels of brown fat have better blood sugar control

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have shown for the first time that people with higher levels of brown fat, or brown adipose tissue, in their bodies have better blood sugar control, higher insulin sensitivity and a better metabolism for burning fat stores. [More]
Findings highlight challenges associated with packing healthful foods to send to school

Findings highlight challenges associated with packing healthful foods to send to school

Open a child's lunch box and you're likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines. Those are the findings of a study conducted by researchers at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University and in the Department of Public Health and Community Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine. [More]