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Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
Oral cavity bacterium linked to development and progression of esophageal cancer

Oral cavity bacterium linked to development and progression of esophageal cancer

A type of bacterium usually found in the human mouth, Fusobacterium nucleatum, has been found to be related to the prognosis of esophageal cancer in Japanese patients by researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan. [More]
Albert Einstein College of Medicine awarded NIH grant to launch diabetes translation research center

Albert Einstein College of Medicine awarded NIH grant to launch diabetes translation research center

The National Institutes of Health has awarded researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System a five-year, $2.9-million grant to launch a new center, one of only 8 in the country, for diabetes translation research. [More]
High adolescent BMI could impact cognitive function in midlife

High adolescent BMI could impact cognitive function in midlife

Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have found that higher Body Mass Index (BMI), if it begins in adolescence, can affect cognitive function in midlife. However, the effect appears to be restricted to adults who had lower socioeconomic position as children. [More]
Endocrine Society applauds Novo Nordisk for pledging to limit rising insulin prices

Endocrine Society applauds Novo Nordisk for pledging to limit rising insulin prices

The Endocrine Society lauds Novo Nordisk's recent announcement that it would limit price increases for its therapies, including insulin, and hopes that other entities in the insulin supply chain including manufacturers, pharmacy benefit managers, and insurers will also demonstrate similar restraint to address this important issue. [More]
Many U.S. children do not receive evidence-based care for obesity despite USPSTF recommendations

Many U.S. children do not receive evidence-based care for obesity despite USPSTF recommendations

Six years following the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation that clinicians screen and treat (or refer) children age six and older for obesity, most U.S. children still do not receive evidence-based care for obesity. [More]
Researchers reveal key role of bacteria-binding protein in intestine

Researchers reveal key role of bacteria-binding protein in intestine

Deficiency in a certain protein in the gastrointestinal tract has been shown to lead to both inflammation and abdominal fat accumulation in mice. [More]
Obstructive sleep apnea can increase risk for PE recurrence

Obstructive sleep apnea can increase risk for PE recurrence

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major risk for patients suffering from venous thromboembolism (VTE) and can often be fatal. [More]
Queen's University expert to lead new €4m initiative for assessing impact of chemicals on health

Queen's University expert to lead new €4m initiative for assessing impact of chemicals on health

A Queen's University Belfast expert is leading a €4m international initiative to investigate whether natural toxins and manmade chemicals are creating potentially dangerous mixtures that affect our natural hormones and cause major illnesses such as cancer, obesity, diabetes or infertility. [More]
Small fat-burning molecule could help combat global epidemic of obesity

Small fat-burning molecule could help combat global epidemic of obesity

A small molecule could provide valuable help in combating the global epidemic of obesity. [More]
Signaling pathway in fat cells may provide key to better treatments for obesity, Penn research finds

Signaling pathway in fat cells may provide key to better treatments for obesity, Penn research finds

A signaling pathway in fat cells may one day provide the key to better treatments for obesity, according to new research by scientists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
UTHealth receives generous gift to support first-of-its-kind nutrition education program

UTHealth receives generous gift to support first-of-its-kind nutrition education program

Laura Moore, M.Ed., R.D., L.D., and her husband Don Sanders have donated $1 million to support a first-of-its-kind nutrition education program at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. [More]
New study highlights benefits and nutritional quality of school lunch program

New study highlights benefits and nutritional quality of school lunch program

Lunches served in the National School Lunch Program have higher nutritional quality than lunches brought from home, according to the largest comparison study conducted to date. [More]
Kids' restaurant menus exceed calorie counts recommended by nutrition experts, study finds

Kids' restaurant menus exceed calorie counts recommended by nutrition experts, study finds

Most kids' menu items offered by the nation's top 200 restaurant chains exceed the calorie counts recommended by nutrition experts, a new RAND Corporation study has found. [More]
Gut microbes may play important role in exacerbated post-dieting weight gain

Gut microbes may play important role in exacerbated post-dieting weight gain

Following a successful diet, many people are dismayed to find their weight rebounding - an all-too-common phenomenon termed "recurrent" or "yo-yo" obesity. [More]
Handful of nut consumption each day linked to reduced risk for wide range of diseases

Handful of nut consumption each day linked to reduced risk for wide range of diseases

A large analysis of current research shows that people who eat at least 20g of nuts a day have a lower risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases. [More]
Replacing screen time with other sedentary behavior can improve obesity risk in children

Replacing screen time with other sedentary behavior can improve obesity risk in children

High amounts of screen-based activity, such as TV viewing, is known to be associated with higher risk of being obese in youth. [More]
Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Working with human immune cells in the laboratory, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a critical cellular "off" switch for the inflammatory immune response that contributes to lung-constricting asthma attacks. [More]
Many women dissatisfied with length of time for diagnosis of PCOS, survey finds

Many women dissatisfied with length of time for diagnosis of PCOS, survey finds

A large international survey of women with a common condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is characterized by reproductive and metabolic problems, found nearly two in three were dissatisfied with the length of time they waited and the number of healthcare professionals they had to see before they received a diagnosis, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

A screening test for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)--a serious condition that may have lifelong health consequences--is recommended for all obese children aged nine to eleven years, according to clinical practice guidelines developed by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. [More]
Overweight adolescents with bipolar disorder show signs of increased illness severity, study finds

Overweight adolescents with bipolar disorder show signs of increased illness severity, study finds

Bipolar disorder is one of the most disabling medical conditions among adolescents worldwide. Similarly, being overweight or obese is common in adolescents and is known to confer risk for cardiovascular disease and other poor health outcomes in adulthood. [More]
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