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Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
Medical students' licensing exam barely covers items related to obesity, study finds

Medical students' licensing exam barely covers items related to obesity, study finds

Obesity is one of the most significant threats to health in the U.S. and is responsible for the development of multiple serious medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease and some forms of cancer. [More]
Childhood asthma may increase obesity risk, study finds

Childhood asthma may increase obesity risk, study finds

Children with asthma may be more likely to become obese later in childhood or in adolescence, according to new research published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [More]
Type 1 diabetes patients show distinct signs of gut inflammation, study reveals

Type 1 diabetes patients show distinct signs of gut inflammation, study reveals

People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria¬—a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to analyze circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment. [More]
FishTaco method pinpoints bacterial species responsible for each functional imbalance in microbiome

FishTaco method pinpoints bacterial species responsible for each functional imbalance in microbiome

A growing body of evidence indicates that the trillions of microbes that live on and inside our bodies affect our health. Collectively, these resident microbes form our microbiome. [More]
UC biologists use frog models to study how early stressors may play role in onset of adult diseases

UC biologists use frog models to study how early stressors may play role in onset of adult diseases

UC biologists have turned to amphibian sources -- specifically frogs and tadpoles -- to help shed light on how early stressors in the womb and shortly after birth may play a part in the onset of adult diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. [More]
Brief waiting room interaction could prompt increased fruit and vegetable consumption among families

Brief waiting room interaction could prompt increased fruit and vegetable consumption among families

Low-income families were more likely to use their federal food assistance on nutritious food after learning that their dollars can be doubled for more fruits and vegetables, a new study finds. [More]
Lap band surgery can be safe and effective option to manage obesity during adolescence

Lap band surgery can be safe and effective option to manage obesity during adolescence

Lap band surgery has significant benefits for severely obese teenagers and, despite its controversial nature, should still be considered as a first option to manage obesity during adolescence, a new study has found. [More]
Researchers uncover new pathway in the body that stimulates liver repair

Researchers uncover new pathway in the body that stimulates liver repair

A team of Michigan State University researchers, led by James Luyendyk in the College of Veterinary Medicine, has uncovered a new pathway in the body that stimulates liver repair. [More]
Exercise helps mitigate side effects of AIs in breast cancer survivors

Exercise helps mitigate side effects of AIs in breast cancer survivors

A researcher at Syracuse University has simple advice for breast cancer survivors struggling with the side effects of Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs): exercise. [More]
Sedentary lifestyle may hasten biological aging

Sedentary lifestyle may hasten biological aging

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that elderly women who sit for more than 10 hours a day with low physical activity have cells that are biologically older by eight years compared to women who are less sedentary. [More]
Researchers uncover how stress hormone prevents digestive enzymes from damaging pancreas

Researchers uncover how stress hormone prevents digestive enzymes from damaging pancreas

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which the stress hormone FGF21 keeps digestive enzymes from damaging the pancreas. [More]
FDA grants approval for Obalon 3-Balloon System to help achieve weight loss

FDA grants approval for Obalon 3-Balloon System to help achieve weight loss

The OBALON 3-Balloon System is the first and only ingestible, non-surgical, fully reversible, 6 month, FDA-approved balloon system and Ultimate Bariatrics is proud to be one of the first practices in Texas to offer this new tool in helping people achieve their weight loss goals. [More]
Study finds link between obesity-related disease and epigenetic modifications

Study finds link between obesity-related disease and epigenetic modifications

Obesity has been linked to "letter" changes at many different sites in the genome, yet these differences do not fully explain the variation in people's body mass index (BMI) or why some overweight people develop health complications while others don't. [More]
Study provides insights into CPEB4 gene and fatty liver disease

Study provides insights into CPEB4 gene and fatty liver disease

This condition generally leads to chronic inflammation (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis), which can trigger fibrosis, cirrhosis and ultimately liver cancer. This study on the basic biology of the liver paves the way to examine therapeutic strategies to fight and prevent fatty liver disease. [More]
People with metabolic syndrome may need more vitamin E, new research shows

People with metabolic syndrome may need more vitamin E, new research shows

New research has shown that people with metabolic syndrome need significantly more vitamin E - which could be a serious public health concern, in light of the millions of people who have this condition that's often related to obesity. [More]
Pasta consumption in adults linked to overall better diet quality

Pasta consumption in adults linked to overall better diet quality

New research analyzing the diets of people who eat pasta has revealed more good news about one of America's favorite foods. [More]
Policymakers need to recognize economic and health benefits of tax on sugary drinks, study suggests

Policymakers need to recognize economic and health benefits of tax on sugary drinks, study suggests

The wider economic benefits of a tax on sugary drinks need to be recognised by policymakers if retailers' pricing behaviour is to be changed, according to a study led by the University of East Anglia. [More]
Mediplus develops new silicone pessaries that eliminate clinical risks associated with surgical mesh

Mediplus develops new silicone pessaries that eliminate clinical risks associated with surgical mesh

Women who suffer from incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse from obesity, heavy lifting, smoking, chronic constipation or childbirth don’t always need surgery according to a pioneering British medical device manufacturer. [More]
Study provides fundamental insights into functioning of microbiota and human-gut flora symbiosis

Study provides fundamental insights into functioning of microbiota and human-gut flora symbiosis

The researchers, led by Professor Bert van den Berg and Dr. David Bolam from the Institute of Cell and Molecular Biosciences at Newcastle University and with support from collaborators at Jacobs University Bremen, report on their findings today in Nature. [More]
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