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Overweight and obesity are defined by the WHO as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to an individuals health.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer and while it was once an issue only in high income countries, overweight and obesity has now dramatically risen in low- and middle-income countries.Such countries are now facing a "double burden" of disease, for while they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are also experiencing a rapid upsurge in chronic disease risk factors such as obesity and overweight, particularly in urban settings.
Blood pressure hormone system important for cardiovascular health can promote obesity

Blood pressure hormone system important for cardiovascular health can promote obesity

New research by University of Iowa scientists helps explain how a hormone system often targeted to treat cardiovascular disease can also lower metabolism and promote obesity. [More]
Eczema can increase patients' risk of developing several other health conditions

Eczema can increase patients' risk of developing several other health conditions

When a patient is diagnosed with eczema, the diagnosis of another medical condition may not be far behind. [More]
Psoriasis treatments may help improve cardiovascular symptoms by reducing skin inflammation

Psoriasis treatments may help improve cardiovascular symptoms by reducing skin inflammation

Approximately 7.5 million people in the United States have psoriasis, and the impact of this disease goes far beyond its visible effects on the skin. [More]
Levels of peptide hormone adropin linked to carbohydrate intake

Levels of peptide hormone adropin linked to carbohydrate intake

In research featured in the August edition of Obesity, Saint Louis University investigator Andrew Butler, Ph.D., and his team report that levels of the peptide hormone adropin vary based on carbohydrate consumption and appear to be linked to lipid metabolism. [More]
Lifestyle choices more likely to influence quality of life for ARDS survivors

Lifestyle choices more likely to influence quality of life for ARDS survivors

A new study of patients who survive the once-nearly fatal Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) finds their subsequent quality of life has more to do with lifestyle factors than how sick they were in the hospital. [More]
Online behavioural intervention provides long-term, sustainable ways to lose weight

Online behavioural intervention provides long-term, sustainable ways to lose weight

New research, led by the University of Southampton, has found that an online behavioural counselling tool is effective at helping people lose weight. [More]
Early and late menopause linked to increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Early and late menopause linked to increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Women who begin menopause before age 46 or after 55 have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study of more than 124,000 women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative, a large national trial aimed at preventing disease in postmenopausal women. [More]
Penn study sheds new light on biology of fatty liver disease

Penn study sheds new light on biology of fatty liver disease

A new appreciation for the interplay between two cell nucleus proteins that lead both intertwined and separate lives is helping researchers better understand fatty liver disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
University-industry partnership enhances biomedical research capability in Australia

University-industry partnership enhances biomedical research capability in Australia

The University of Sydney is preparing to acquire advanced MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) technology that will expedite their preclinical and translational medicine research capabilities. [More]
Global study confirms Dutch men and Latvian women as world's tallest

Global study confirms Dutch men and Latvian women as world's tallest

Dutch men and Latvian women are the tallest on the planet, according to the largest ever study of height around the world. [More]
Smartphone app Pokémon Go could be new solution to rising obesity levels and Type 2 diabetes

Smartphone app Pokémon Go could be new solution to rising obesity levels and Type 2 diabetes

Leading diabetes researchers believe smartphone craze Pokémon Go could be an "innovative solution" to rising obesity levels and chronic disease. [More]
Brain activity and response to food cues in severely obese women differ from lean counterparts

Brain activity and response to food cues in severely obese women differ from lean counterparts

The brain's reward centers in severely obese women continue to respond to food cues even after they've eaten and are no longer hungry, in contrast to their lean counterparts, according to a recent study by a multidisciplinary team at UT Southwestern Medical Center. [More]
P.E. teachers offer exercise tips to keep fit during summer vacation

P.E. teachers offer exercise tips to keep fit during summer vacation

For many students, summer vacation is a time to be lazy, but it's important for kids to keep up their physical activity year-round. [More]
Texas Biomed scientists receive $23 million NIH grant to develop AIDS vaccine

Texas Biomed scientists receive $23 million NIH grant to develop AIDS vaccine

To support a coordinated, innovative approach to the development of an AIDS vaccine, Texas Biomedical Research Institute scientists, together with a multi-institutional coalition of experts from the United States and Europe, have received a grant for $23 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health. [More]
SHIP1 inhibition prevents excess weight gain, improves blood sugar control in mice

SHIP1 inhibition prevents excess weight gain, improves blood sugar control in mice

Obesity can cause a variety of health complications in affected individuals. Several lines of evidence support an association between chronic inflammation in adipose tissue and obesity complications. [More]
Andy Murray becomes brand ambassador for Scotland’s DHI

Andy Murray becomes brand ambassador for Scotland’s DHI

International tennis superstar Andy Murray has teamed up with one of Scotland’s leading innovation centres to highlight the potential of technology to provide more efficient and effective health and care services in the UK and across the world. [More]
New report urges policy makers to act against excessive energy drinks consumption by children, teenagers

New report urges policy makers to act against excessive energy drinks consumption by children, teenagers

UK policy makers must act against excessive energy drinks consumption by children and young people, argues a new report published by the Food Research Collaboration, an initiative of the Centre for Food Policy. [More]
New study offers hypothesis why obese patients fare worse during cancer treatment

New study offers hypothesis why obese patients fare worse during cancer treatment

Across many cancer types, obese patients fare worse than leaner patients. Now a University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in the journal Cell Stem Cell offers a compelling hypothesis why: researchers found that leukemia stem cells "hide" in fatty tissue, even transforming this tissue in ways that support their survival when challenged with chemotherapy. It is as if leukemia stem cells not only use fatty tissue as a robbers' cave to hide from therapy, but actively adapt this cave to their liking. [More]
Noninvasive brain stimulation may curb cravings for appetitive foods

Noninvasive brain stimulation may curb cravings for appetitive foods

Available research suggests that noninvasive stimulation of a specific brain area can reduce food cravings—particularly for high-calorie, "appetitive" foods, according to a review in the Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. [More]
Study shows ordering food immediately before eating leads to overall increase in calorie content

Study shows ordering food immediately before eating leads to overall increase in calorie content

Want to cut calories and make healthier meal choices? Try avoiding unhealthy impulse purchases by ordering meals at least an hour before eating. [More]
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