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Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The age limit of such patients ranges from birth to 18. In countries where the age of majority is 18, this age limit may be from birth to age 17 (such as in Canada). A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician.
New treatment prevents chemotherapy-induced hearing loss in children with cancer

New treatment prevents chemotherapy-induced hearing loss in children with cancer

Investigators from Children's Hospital Los Angeles and 37 other Children's Oncology Group hospitals in the U.S. and Canada have determined that sodium thiosulfate prevents cisplatin-induced hearing loss in children and adolescents with cancer. [More]
NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

A screening test for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)--a serious condition that may have lifelong health consequences--is recommended for all obese children aged nine to eleven years, according to clinical practice guidelines developed by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. [More]
No link exists between maternal flu and increased child autism risk, says study

No link exists between maternal flu and increased child autism risk, says study

A study has found no association between a mother catching the flu during pregnancy and their child having an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). [More]
Prevention program removes effects of poverty on brain development of children

Prevention program removes effects of poverty on brain development of children

A University of Georgia research team has shown for the first time that participation in a prevention program known as the Strong African American Families Program, which enhances supportive parenting and strengthens family relationships, removes the effects of poverty on brain development. [More]
Study highlights need to increase handwashing compliance among child care workers

Study highlights need to increase handwashing compliance among child care workers

Child care personnel properly clean their hands less than a quarter of the times they are supposed to, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology. [More]
Negative comparison with others when using Facebook more likely to lead to depression

Negative comparison with others when using Facebook more likely to lead to depression

Comparing yourself with others on Facebook is more likely to lead to feelings of depression than making social comparisons offline. [More]
Study finds no link between infant’s ASD risk and influenza infection during pregnancy

Study finds no link between infant’s ASD risk and influenza infection during pregnancy

A study of more than 196,000 children found no association between a mother having an influenza infection anytime during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children, according to a new study published online by JAMA Pediatrics. [More]
NIH-supported first HIV vaccine efficacy study begins in South Africa

NIH-supported first HIV vaccine efficacy study begins in South Africa

The first HIV vaccine efficacy study to launch anywhere in seven years is now testing whether an experimental vaccine regimen safely prevents HIV infection among South African adults. [More]
Japanese researchers discover new method for predicting congenital CMV infection in fetuses

Japanese researchers discover new method for predicting congenital CMV infection in fetuses

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause serious complications such as hearing difficulties and mental retardation in affected infants. [More]
Parental behaviors and practices linked to children's sleep duration

Parental behaviors and practices linked to children's sleep duration

A new study indicates that children's sleep duration may be influenced by parental sleep duration and confidence, which suggests that efforts to address insufficient sleep among children may require family-based interventions. [More]
Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Columbia University has awarded the 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for Outstanding Achievement in Diabetes Research to Peter Arner, MD, PhD, a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Medicine at the Karolinska Institute, whose studies on the turnover of fat tissue in the human body has revealed processes that contribute to obesity and diabetes. [More]
Einstein researcher receives $7.5 million NIH grant to study genetics of congenital heart disease

Einstein researcher receives $7.5 million NIH grant to study genetics of congenital heart disease

The National Institutes of Health has awarded Bernice Morrow, Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and collaborators at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia a five-year, $7.5 million grant to study the genetics of congenital heart abnormalities. [More]
Experts characterize racial and ethnic differences in food allergies among U.S. children

Experts characterize racial and ethnic differences in food allergies among U.S. children

Allergy and immunology experts at Rush University Medical Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have conducted the first study designed to assess and characterize the racial and ethnic difference in food allergies among children in the U.S. [More]
Study shows widespread underdiagnosis of hypertension and prehypertension in U.S. children

Study shows widespread underdiagnosis of hypertension and prehypertension in U.S. children

Hypertension and prehypertension in children often go undiagnosed, according to a new study published today in Pediatrics. [More]
Adding higher frequencies to standard protocol improves detection of hearing loss in adolescents

Adding higher frequencies to standard protocol improves detection of hearing loss in adolescents

Adding higher frequencies to the American Academy of Pediatrics hearing test protocol helps detect adolescent hearing loss, according to a team of pediatricians and audiologists. [More]
New survey finds 1 in 4 vacations includes visit to ER

New survey finds 1 in 4 vacations includes visit to ER

If you've ever had to seek medical attention for an illness or an injury during a vacation, you're not alone. [More]
New study unravels why children with autism look less at other people's eyes

New study unravels why children with autism look less at other people's eyes

A new study conducted by researchers at Marcus Autism Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, and Emory University School of Medicine helps put to rest a longstanding controversy and question about children with autism spectrum disorder. [More]
Increased prevalence of food allergy linked to early skin infection and eczema

Increased prevalence of food allergy linked to early skin infection and eczema

Early exposure to a food allergen through broken skin might prompt the development of food allergy. [More]
Sleep apnea can make lung cancer more dangerous by increasing tumor growth

Sleep apnea can make lung cancer more dangerous by increasing tumor growth

A team of researchers from the University of Chicago and the University of Barcelona has found that intermittent hypoxia, or an irregular lack of air experienced by people with sleep apnea, can increase tumor growth by promoting the release of circulating exosomes. [More]
Doctors recommend oral antibiotics for children recovering from complex pneumonia

Doctors recommend oral antibiotics for children recovering from complex pneumonia

In some good news for families of children recovering from complex pneumonia, doctors recommend in a study published by Pediatrics it's better to send kids home from the hospital with oral instead of intravenous antibiotics. [More]
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