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A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that can reproduce only inside a host cell. Viruses infect all types of organisms: from animals and plants, to bacteria and archaea. Since the initial discovery of tobacco mosaic virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, more than 5,000 types of virus have been described in detail, although most types of virus remain undiscovered. Viruses are ubiquitous, as they are found in almost every ecosystem on Earth, and are the most abundant type of biological entity on the planet. The study of viruses is known as virology, and is a branch of microbiology.
Researchers show how common bacterium in improperly cooked chicken triggers GBS

Researchers show how common bacterium in improperly cooked chicken triggers GBS

A Michigan State University research team is the first to show how a common bacterium found in improperly cooked chicken causes Guillain-Barre Syndrome, or GBS. [More]
Combatting Antibiotic Resistance, the role of POC Diagnostics

Combatting Antibiotic Resistance, the role of POC Diagnostics

During the winter months, patients frequently present with respiratory symptoms like coughing, sneezing and fever that could be caused by one of several bacterial and viral infections including influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or bacterial pneumonia. [More]
Study shows experimental treatment not superior to standard therapy for head and neck cancer

Study shows experimental treatment not superior to standard therapy for head and neck cancer

Results of the largest Canadian clinical trial to date comparing standard treatment for locally advanced squamous cell head and neck cancer with an experimental treatment, did not show the new treatment is superior. [More]
LSU expert highlights importance of protection against Zika during winter

LSU expert highlights importance of protection against Zika during winter

Just because temperatures are cooling down as winter approaches, it's no time to let your guard down when it comes to mosquitoes that can carry the Zika virus. [More]
Scientists discover incident commander in the brain that defends against invading virus

Scientists discover incident commander in the brain that defends against invading virus

Imagine seeing a building on fire. You grab the phone and call the fire service. What happens next can be compared to the discovery made by researchers from Aarhus University. [More]
Pubic hair grooming linked to increased STI risk, says study

Pubic hair grooming linked to increased STI risk, says study

Removing or trimming pubic hair is associated with an increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease, according to a study published in Sexually Transmitted Infections. [More]
Scientists find novel way for earlier detection of deadly Merkel cell carcinoma

Scientists find novel way for earlier detection of deadly Merkel cell carcinoma

Scientists have found a way to detect earlier if a deadly cancer, Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), is recurring in patients, according to a paper to be published 11 a.m. Eastern time, Dec. 7, in the journal Cancer. [More]
Researchers create 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice from MERS and rabies

Researchers create 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice from MERS and rabies

In a new study, researchers have modified a rabies virus, so that it has a protein from the MERS virus; this altered virus works as a 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice against both Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and rabies. [More]
Vaxine’s unique adjuvants boost effectiveness of vaccines for battling against infectious diseases

Vaxine’s unique adjuvants boost effectiveness of vaccines for battling against infectious diseases

SUGAR-based adjuvants from Australia are boosting the effectiveness of vaccines to target some of the world’s deadliest diseases. [More]
New UTMB study sheds light on how Ebola effectively disables immune system

New UTMB study sheds light on how Ebola effectively disables immune system

A new study at The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston sheds light on how Ebola so effectively disables the human immune system. [More]
UC Riverside scientists identify mechanism that creates immunity to influenza A virus

UC Riverside scientists identify mechanism that creates immunity to influenza A virus

A team of researchers, co-led by a University of California, Riverside professor, has found a long-sought-after mechanism in human cells that creates immunity to influenza A virus, which causes annual seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics. [More]
ACS approves $1.7 million funding for new research grants to Yale University

ACS approves $1.7 million funding for new research grants to Yale University

The American Cancer Society, the largest non-government, not-for-profit funding source of cancer research in the United States, has approved funding for three new research grants totaling over $1.7 million to investigators at Yale University. [More]
Special article outlines recommended strategies to prevent Zika from blood transfusion

Special article outlines recommended strategies to prevent Zika from blood transfusion

As the Zika epidemic spreads to the United States, the potential for contracting the disease via blood transfusion has emerged as a serious concern. [More]
New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments. [More]
Researcher explores link between PTSD and repeated alcohol use

Researcher explores link between PTSD and repeated alcohol use

As families gather for the holidays this year, many will reminisce, sharing fond memories as they break bread and pass the cranberry sauce. [More]
Liverpool-led research consortium aims to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Liverpool-led research consortium aims to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Researchers from the University of Liverpool's Institute of Translational Medicine have been awarded a grant of up to US$ 8.9 million (GBP £5.8m) to lead a multinational research consortium that aims to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV. [More]
First licensed vaccine could reduce burden in regions with high-levels of dengue infection

First licensed vaccine could reduce burden in regions with high-levels of dengue infection

The first licensed vaccine for the potentially life-threatening dengue virus should only be used in moderate-to high impacted regions, new research has predicted. [More]
Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants, report reveals

Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants, report reveals

A team of researchers in Brazil and at the Yale School of Public Health has published the first report demonstrating that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation. [More]
Okayama University researchers find way to prevent replication of influenza viral RNA

Okayama University researchers find way to prevent replication of influenza viral RNA

Researchers at Okayama University have successfully cleaved influenza viral RNA to prevent its replication using novel artificial RNA restriction enzymes in laboratory cell cultures. [More]
Researchers come up with new approach to stabilize vaccines at room temperature

Researchers come up with new approach to stabilize vaccines at room temperature

Shipping vaccines in an unbroken temperature-controlled supply chain (a "cold chain") all the way to recipients is a major logistical and financial challenge in remote areas and developing countries. [More]
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