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A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that can reproduce only inside a host cell. Viruses infect all types of organisms: from animals and plants, to bacteria and archaea. Since the initial discovery of tobacco mosaic virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, more than 5,000 types of virus have been described in detail, although most types of virus remain undiscovered. Viruses are ubiquitous, as they are found in almost every ecosystem on Earth, and are the most abundant type of biological entity on the planet. The study of viruses is known as virology, and is a branch of microbiology.
Study provides insights into molecular mechanisms of ZIKV infection

Study provides insights into molecular mechanisms of ZIKV infection

Zika virus (ZIKV) interferes with the cellular machinery controlling cell division and alters the expression of hundreds of genes guiding the formation and development of neurons and astrocytes, according to findings released on January 23rd 2017 at Scientific Reports. [More]
Quest Diagnostics introduces new HBV test service to help evaluate patient’s response to drug therapies

Quest Diagnostics introduces new HBV test service to help evaluate patient’s response to drug therapies

Quest Diagnostics, the world’s leading provider of diagnostic information services, today announced the launch of a new test service that helps physicians evaluate a patient’s response to drug therapies used to treat infection with the hepatitis B virus [More]
Siemens Healthineers introduces new CE-marked immunoassay for detecting Zika virus

Siemens Healthineers introduces new CE-marked immunoassay for detecting Zika virus

Siemens Healthineers announced today its CE-marked immunoassay—the NovagnostZika Virus IgM µ-capture Assay—is now commercially available to laboratories outside of the U.S. [More]
CHORI virologist receives grant from Abate Med to study new treatment for atopic dermatitis

CHORI virologist receives grant from Abate Med to study new treatment for atopic dermatitis

Laura Hertel, PhD, a virologist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, has received a $100,000 grant from Abate Med's founder, Dr. David Paslin, for a pre-clinical study on the efficacy of using a protein made by a common virus that infects the skin, to treat the cutaneous manifestations of atopic dermatitis. [More]
Researchers find brain abnormalities in Zika virus infected fetuses

Researchers find brain abnormalities in Zika virus infected fetuses

In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, researchers with the Baylor College of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas partnered with the Maternal-Fetal Unit, CEDIFETAL, Centro de Diagnostico de Ultrasonido e Imagenes, CEDIUL, Barranquilla, Columbia and the Unidad De Fertildad Y Genetica De Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Columbia, to create the study, Characterization of brain malformations and volume assessment in fetuses with Zika Virus infection using MRI. [More]
Stroke-injured rat brain forms functioning connections with transplanted neurons, study shows

Stroke-injured rat brain forms functioning connections with transplanted neurons, study shows

Today, a stroke usually leads to permanent disability - but in the future, the stroke-injured brain could be reparable by replacing dead cells with new, healthy neurons, using transplantation. [More]
New AAV biosensor products announced by AMSBIO

New AAV biosensor products announced by AMSBIO

AMSBIO announce a new range of ready-to-use adeno-associated virus (AAV) biosensor products. These viruses encode your chosen biosensor, either calcium or glutamate sensor and are ready for in vivo injection. [More]
A test to evaluate Hepatitis B therapy launched by Quest Diagnostics

A test to evaluate Hepatitis B therapy launched by Quest Diagnostics

Quest Diagnostics, the world’s leading provider of diagnostic information services, today announced the launch of a new test service that helps physicians evaluate a patient’s response to drug therapies used to treat infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The first test of its kind available in the United States, the test is significant because it may help physicians tailor more effective treatments for the up to 2.2 million individuals infected with HBV. [More]
UC San Diego researchers receive CIRM grants to advance studies on Zika virus and cancer

UC San Diego researchers receive CIRM grants to advance studies on Zika virus and cancer

The Independent Citizens Oversight Committee of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine has approved a pair of $2 million awards to University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers to advance studies of new treatments for Zika virus infections and the use of stem cell-derived natural killer (NK) cells to target ovarian cancer and other malignancies. [More]
Salk Institute researchers reveal how to curb immune enthusiasm

Salk Institute researchers reveal how to curb immune enthusiasm

Normally when we think of viruses, from the common cold to HIV, we want to boost people's immunity to fight them. [More]
Study finds viruses communicating with one another

Study finds viruses communicating with one another

Viruses may be stealthy invaders, but a study at the Weizmann Institute of Science reveals a new, chatty side of some: for the first time, viruses have been found communicating with one another. [More]
New genital herpes vaccine candidate shows promising results in preclinical tests

New genital herpes vaccine candidate shows promising results in preclinical tests

Approximately 500 million people around the world are infected with the genital herpes virus known as herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2). [More]
MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

MGH-developed CTC-iChip with digital PCR assay improves detection of early-stage liver cancer

Use of an advanced form of the commonly used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to analyze circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may greatly increase the ability to diagnose early-stage cancer, increasing the likelihood of successful treatment. [More]
Influenza experts examine evolution of avian disease

Influenza experts examine evolution of avian disease

Few influenza viruses are as widespread and adaptable as avian influenza viruses, and scientists are not entirely sure why. [More]
Scientists harness rabies viruses for assessing connectivity of nerve cell transplants

Scientists harness rabies viruses for assessing connectivity of nerve cell transplants

Scientists under the leadership of the University of Bonn have harnessed rabies viruses for assessing the connectivity of nerve cell transplants: coupled with a green fluorescent protein, the viruses show where replacement cells engrafted into mouse brains have connected to the host neural network. [More]
Scientists identify 'molecular barcode' in blood samples that can predict survival of Ebola patients

Scientists identify 'molecular barcode' in blood samples that can predict survival of Ebola patients

Scientists have identified a 'molecular barcode' in the blood of patients with Ebola virus disease that can predict whether they are likely to survive or die from the viral infection. [More]
First symptoms of meningitis

First symptoms of meningitis

Thankfully, meningitis is a rare condition. Although it can occur in anyone, it's more prevalent in babies and young children, with young people and students being the next most at risk group. In the early stages, it can be very difficult to tell meningitis apart from milder diseases, as it often resembles other common viral illnesses. Symptoms of the disease can develop very quickly. [More]
Scientists discover new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety

Scientists discover new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety

Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. [More]
Fraunhofer scientists develop new method to irradiate pathogens using low-energy-electrons

Fraunhofer scientists develop new method to irradiate pathogens using low-energy-electrons

Many vaccines contain viruses that are inactivated to prevent them from harming recipients. [More]
Scientists unravel new genetic immunodeficiency that makes children vulnerable to mild illnesses

Scientists unravel new genetic immunodeficiency that makes children vulnerable to mild illnesses

A team of scientists led by prof. Adrian Liston and prof. Isabelle Meyts were able to characterize a new genetic immunodeficiency resulting from a mutation in a gene named STAT2. [More]
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