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Hip Replacement Problems

By Dr Ananya Mandal, MD

As with all major surgeries, a hip replacement procedure is associated with several complications and risks, some of which may even be life threatening. The risk of complications is low, but some examples of potential problems include:

  • Dislocation of the joint
  • Loosening of the joint
  • Wear and tear
  • Joint stiffening
  • Blood clot
  • Infection

Dislocation of the hip joint

The hip joint becomes displaced from its socket in around 3% of cases. After a hip replacement procedure, it can take up to twelve weeks for the soft tissues around the joint to heal after they have been cut during surgery. During this period, the joint is poorly supported and the femoral head can work its way free of the socket, leading to dislocation. The risk of hip dislocation is reduced when less tissue is cut, if cut tissue is repaired or if the femoral head prosthesis has a large diameter. When heads with a smaller diameter are used, lower dislocation rates are also seen with the anterior rather than posterior approach to surgery, but this has not yet been demonstrated for procedures that involve heads with a larger diameter. Patients can decrease their risk of dislocation by avoiding certain postures during the first several months following surgery. Alcohol use in the few months following surgery is associated with an increased risk of dislocation.

Loosening of the joint

This is the most common complication of hip replacement and occurs when the shaft of the prosthesis becomes loose in the socket of the thigh bone or the bone surrounding the implant starts to thin. This can lead to pain and a sensation that the joint is unstable. If the joint does loosen, it usually happens 15 to 20 years after the surgery took place, at which point a revision surgery may be required.

Wear and tear

Wear and tear of the artificial hip joint is another common complication of this procedure. Wearing of the prosthesis can cause the joint to become loose, requiring further surgery if the problem is severe. Metal-on-metal prostheses are thought to become subject to wear and tear sooner than expected and the annual checking of these implants is recommended.

Joint stiffening

The soft tissues that surround an implant can become stiff and lead to reduced mobility, although this does not usually cause pain. The problem can be prevented using radiotherpay or medication.

Sensitivity to the metal

Some people may be sensitive or allergic to the metal in the implants, causing local inflammation to develop or delayed healing, for example. The surgery may also fail altogether.

Severe symptoms

Some more rare but serious types of complications that may occur after a hip replacement procedure include:

The formation of blood clots

During the first few weeks after surgery, there is a small risk of thrombosis developing. The two main places a blood clot may form include the leg (deep vein thrombosis), or the lung, in which case, the clot is referred to as a pulmonary embolism. In cases where either is suspected, immediate medical attention should be sought. The risk of blood clot formation can be reduced by using anticoagulant therapies such as warfarin.

Infection

Hip replacements patients are at a small risk of bacterial infection occurring at the artificial hip joint. Patients should urgently seek medical attention if they develop symptoms such as fever, chills, persistent hip pain or inflammation/discharge at the surgery site.

Reviewed by , BSc

Further Reading

Last Updated: Oct 16, 2014

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Comments
  1. Linda Tipton Linda Tipton United States says:

    My mother had her first hip implant shortly after my father passed away. After which she developed a very small tremor, barely noticable, but is now to the point after 20 some yrs. of being very debilitating. She cannot Write or even feed herself . She has dealt with repreated and ongoing infections of the bacterial type for many years & cannot seem to fully get rid of them. She is currently in a nursing home & requires 24/7 care. She has had eight children & a hard life & we think she may have some kind of a metallosis reaction to her first hip implant as she has always been allergic to cheap jewelry. She is 80 yrs. old now & we just see her slippimg away more every day & doctors say she is too old to have any surgeries for anything. So what to do,when you think that removal of the old hip replacement could significantly improve her life? I am requesting a metal test for high levels of cobalt & chromium in the blood to see what that shows since I have just read this article on it here. THANKS! Wish us luck! Linda M. Tipton on behalf of mom Della M. Bevins  Defiance,Oh 43512 at TWIN RIVERS Nursing Home.

  2. kneeandjointsurgery hosp kneeandjointsurgery hosp India says:

    Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. It may be performed for knee diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. In patients with severe deformity from advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long standing osteoarthritis, the surgery may be more complicated and carry higher risk.

  3. Geoffrey Hughes Geoffrey Hughes Belgium says:

    I  have had BOTH hips replaced. One 12 months ago and the other six months ago . Twelve month hip is 85% ok. The other hip the knee has become stiff. Can not find information for people who have had BOTH hips replaced.. Thank you Geoff Hughes.

    • Karen Lupinetti Karen Lupinetti United States says:

      I've had both hips replaced; the right one in 2012, and the left one a year later. The surgeries were fine, I had a super easy recovery and was back to work in 6 weeks after each one. I honestly believe that my positive attitude about needing to have them done, as well as a fantastic surgeon were the keys to my success.

      Two days ago, the right hip dislocated,  which put me in excruciating pain until it accidentally went back into place by itself. I'm being careful the last two days, and am planning to see the ortho surgeon soon to see if anything may be wrong. The X rays showed no damage, but I'm just being proactive. The ER doc Friday said Zumba may be out for a while, but not to cancel my gym membership yet!

      I'm in my early 60s, and this isn't going to slow me down or stop me from teaching part-time.

      See what's going on...and hang in there!

  4. Cathy Simmons Thorn Cathy Simmons Thorn United States says:

    I am having a very strange symptoms.  Eleven months after having a hip replacement, I am having a faint redness (circular) on the incision with bruising that has followed the incision line starting at the bottom of the incision toward the foot and moving up the incision line to the top.  This is very puzzling.  Anyone else out there ever had this situation?

  5. Barbara Rodriguez Barbara Rodriguez United States says:

    Was curious... has anyone else feel like where the bone in your leg meets the metal from your new hip does it feel like its going to snap?does anyone else have extreme amounts of pain after your total hip replacement and lots of problems? I want to know if this is normal ?

    • AwesomeCapital AwesomeInvestor AwesomeCapital AwesomeInvestor United States says:

      Although I sometimes wonder how well patients feel pain because of all the painkillers. Medical professionals keep laughing at me for not taking the heavy duty ones, but I don't know how you can tell if you are in pain otherwise. Even if this pain is from your thigh muscle cramping (could be, especially if it comes and goes), I would check it out with a doctor or PT.

    • Ellen Wise Ellen Wise United Kingdom says:

      Yes, had replacement 10 months ago and have had nothing but pain and trouble sitting for any length of time.  Horrible.  Nobody in NHS wants to know.

  6. Veronica Ralston Veronica Ralston United States says:

    i had hip replacement last May 2015 after i went home after 2weeks, my hip popped out of joint. This kept happing  every 2-3 weeks my doctor said i have loose joints. I had never heard of this.  He finally went and put a collar on the hip.  It has not popped out of joint any more but it makes a lot of noise.  Have you ever heard of this or is he trying to cover up for something he done wrong.

  7. Robin Smith Robin Smith United States says:

    In July 2013 I had left hip replacement.  Over the last 2-3 weeks I am experiencing pain very similar to what I had before the hip was replaced.  The hip is especially painful at night again. I have no difficulty walking or standing from seated position.  "Sometimes" I feel like the hip is going to give out climbing stairs.  I had absolutely no complications after surgery.  My right hip was replaced last Sept. 2015 with no complications immediately after surgery or to this day  I have a one year check up appointment with my surgeon in a couple weeks.  I definitely plan on discussing the left hip pain with him at that appointment.  In the meantime, what could be causing the pain?

    • Ellen Wise Ellen Wise United Kingdom says:

      Yes, me too.  Hip operation about same time as you Robin.  No complications, BUT from day one, it never felt right.  I think the 'wrong' mattress in hospital does not help, but there are not enough of the right ones to go round.  Also, the folk who shout the loudest get them!  Cannot sit comfortably for longer than 15 minutes and travel in a car is excruciating.  I can walk, but when I rise I have to hold the front of the hip and groin to get up at all!  Not happy one bit.  Surgeon?  Nice man, shame about the attitude - "I don't make mistakes" - really?......

  8. Linda Jones Friedel Linda Jones Friedel United States says:

    I fell in 2012 and broke (shattered) my right hip. Went to the ER, had to lay there for 13 hours before a surgeon finally came.  He did the surgery, not a total hip replacement. That only lasted a couple of months before it became unattached.  I went back for a total hip replacement, and have had pain ever since, also I loose my balance a lot. I can walk for about a half hour, then the pain starts.
    I've always slept on my right side, but when I do this, I wake up in extreme pain.  I've gone to see other doctors, but they say it's just fine!!!  No one wants to clean up someone else's mess, it seems.
    The pain goes down to my foot.   I also have Osteoporosis.
    My scar is 13 inches long, and the muscle never grew back, like the doctor said it would.
    Is there any hope for me????   I want my life back.

  9. Norma Johnson Norma Johnson United Kingdom says:

    I had my left hip replaced 2 years ago and my right one this January. Since having the 2nd one done I am not confident walking about as I feel I am unbalanced but my consultant says I am fine as the hips are both the same. Today when I was out I suddenly felt the right hip clicking as I walked and although I have no pain I feel somethings wrong. It sounds like a ratchet being wound up when I walk.Has anyone had this happen and could it be a warning f the hip dislocating? Any info would be welcome as I cant find anything online about it.

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
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