Treatment of ''strabismic'' or ''anisometropic amblyopia'' consists of correcting the optical deficit and forcing use of the amblyopic eye, either by patching the good eye, or by instilling topical atropine in the eye with better vision.
One should also be wary of over-patching or over-penalizing the good eye when treating for amblyopia, as this can create so-called "reverse amblyopia" in the other eye.
Treatment of individuals age 9 through adult is possible through applied perceptual learning
''Form deprivation amblyopia'' is treated by removing the opacity as soon as possible followed by patching or penalizing the good eye to encourage use of the amblyopic eye.
Vision therapy programs are occasionally partially effective on motivated adults, at least in the short term.
A recent study, widely reported in the popular press, has suggested that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation may temporarily improve contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution in the affected eye of amblyopic adults. These results await verification by other researchers.
Virtual reality computer games where each eye receives different signals of the virtual world that the player's brain must combine in order to successfully play the game have shown some promise in improving both monocularity in the affected eye as well as binocularity.
In at least one case, it has been reported that a video game (Nintendo's ''Mario Kart'') has been successfully used to treat the disorder.
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