Rosacea is a common skin problem often called "adult acne." Faired skinned and menopausal women are more likely to have rosacea. Rosacea also seems to run in families. It causes redness in the center parts of the face and pimples. Blood vessels under the skin of the face may enlarge and show through the skin as small red lines. The skin may be swollen and feel warm.
Women with rosacea don't have the same lesions as seen with common acne. They may have flushing of the face, when they are hot, drink alcohol or hot drinks, or eat spicy foods. This flushing causes the face to appear red. In the most severe form, this redness does not go away. The eyes may become swollen and nodules in the skin may be painful.
You can help keep rosacea under control by keeping a record of things that cause it to flare up. Try to avoid or limit these triggers as much as you can. Antibiotic lotions or gels can also help. Sometimes, you may need to take antibiotic pills. Your dermatologist may treat you with laser surgery. If you think you have rosacea, talk with your doctor about these treatments.
Rosacea usually affects middle-aged people with fair skin. Rosacea tends to worsen over time and is generally cyclic, flaring up for a period of weeks to months, and then subsiding for a time. Antibiotics often bring some improve-ment, although, unlike acne, the condition isn't associated with a skin infection by one type of bacteria.
About 14 million people in the United States have rosacea. This disease is most common in:
- Women (especially during menopause)
- People with fair skin
- Adults between the ages of 30 and 60.