What is a Zoonosis?

A zoonosis or zoonose is any infectious disease that can be transmitted (in some instances, by a vector) from non-human animals, both wild and domestic, to humans or from humans to non-human animals (the latter is sometimes called reverse zoonosis). Many serious diseases fall under this category.

The simplest definition of a zoonosis is a disease that can be transmitted from other vertebrate animals to humans. A slightly more technical definition is a disease that normally infects other animals, but can also infect humans. The reverse situation (transmission from human to animal) is known as anthroponosis.

The emerging interdisciplinary field of conservation medicine, which integrates human and veterinary medicine, and environmental sciences, is largely concerned with zoonoses.

List of Zoonoses

  • Anthrax
  • Avian influenza (bird flu)
  • Babesiosis
  • Barmah Forest virus
  • Bartonellosis
  • Bilharzia
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever
  • Brucellosis
  • Borrelia (Lyme disease and others)
  • Borna virus infection
  • Bovine tuberculosis
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Chagas disease
  • Chlamydophila psittaci
  • Cholera
  • Cowpox
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or "mad cow disease"
  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cutaneous larva migrans
  • Dengue fever
  • Ebola
  • Echinococcosis
  • H7
  • Eastern equine encephalitis virus
  • Western equine encephalitis virus
  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus
  • Giardia lamblia
  • Hantavirus
  • Hendra virus
  • Henipavirus
  • Korean hemorrhagic fever
  • Kyasanur forest disease
  • Lábrea fever
  • Lassa fever
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Leptospirosis
  • Listeriosis
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
  • Marburg fever
  • Mediterranean spotted fever
  • Monkey B
  • Nipah fever
  • Ocular larva migrans
  • Omsk hemorrhagic fever
  • Ornithosis (psittacosis)
  • Orf
  • Oropouche fever
  • Plague
  • Puumala virus
  • Q-Fever
  • Psittacosis, or "parrot fever"
  • Rabies
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Ringworms (''Tinea canis'')
  • Salmonellosis
  • Sodoku
  • Streptococcus suis
  • Swine influenza (swine flu)
  • Toxocariasis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Trichinosis
  • Tularemia, or "rabbit fever"
  • Typhus of Rickettsiae
  • Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever
  • Visceral larva migrans
  • West Nile virus
  • Yellow fever

Other zoonoses might be:

  • Glanders
  • SARS (possibly; civet cats may spread the disease, or may catch the disease from humans.)

Further Reading

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article on "Zoonosis" All material adapted used from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Wikipedia® itself is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

Last Updated: Oct 8, 2014

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