Pharmaxis, a global specialty pharmaceutical company focused on therapeutic products for chronic respiratory and immune disorders, announced today that it has received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market ARIDOL™ (mannitol inhalation powder) Bronchial Challenge Test Kit, the first new bronchial challenge test in more than two decades. ARIDOL is used for the assessment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in patients six years of age and older who do not have clinically apparent asthma. ARIDOL should not be used as a standalone tool to assess asthma, but as part of a physician's overall assessment of asthma.
"Our new bronchial challenge test brings patients and the medical community an effective, accurate, reproducible test that requires minimal preparation and administration time, and can be conducted in a pulmonary function lab or physician's office," said Stephen Beckman, President, Pharmaxis, Inc. "ARIDOL has been proven safe and effective in two Phase III clinical trials, and is widely recognized by experts as a significant addition to the tools available to help in an overall assessment of asthma. We anticipate commercial availability of ARIDOL in the first quarter of next year."
ARIDOL is a single-use, indirect test that is easy-to-administer, requires minimal preparation time and only a 15% reduction in lung function from baseline. Many clinicians consider an indirect bronchial challenge test to be preferable to direct challenge tests.
"ARIDOL is an important step in the advancement of bronchial challenge testing because it induces constriction through the release of endogenous inflammatory mediators," said Bill Storms, MD, Clinical Allergist, Colorado Springs, CO. "We believe that indirect challenges such as ARIDOL correlate better with airway inflammation, a hallmark of asthma."
How ARIDOL Works
The ARIDOL test requires patients to inhale increasing doses of dry powder mannitol from a simple, hand-held device, which causes airways to narrow and contract when airway inflammation is present. The doses are contained in capsules that are administered at one-minute intervals until a positive response is achieved or until all the capsules have been inhaled, indicating a negative result. A positive response is indicated when there is a 15% reduction in lung function from baseline compared to a 20% fall required by a methacholine challenge test.The lower the dose required to cause bronchoconstriction, the more severe the bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
"When testing patients for bronchial hyperresponsiveness with a methacholine test, there is the potential for a large reduction in lung function," added Dr. Storms. "In patients with mild symptoms and good lung function, ARIDOL can be useful to support a diagnosis of asthma. ARIDOL is well tolerated by patients and has demonstrated fewer large drops in lung function than methacholine or exercise."
Other Bronchial Challenge Tests