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The nervous system is an organ system containing a network of specialized cells called neurons that coordinate the actions of an animal and transmit signals between different parts of its body. In most animals the nervous system consists of two parts, central and peripheral. The central nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord.
Malformations in the brains of fetuses caused by Zika virus go beyond microcephaly

Malformations in the brains of fetuses caused by Zika virus go beyond microcephaly

A recent study published by Brazilian researchers from the D'Or Institute for Research and Education, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute for Research Professor Amorim Neto, alongside Tel Aviv University and the Boston Children's Hospital in the US, indicates that microcephaly, a very usual feature in cases of Zika virus gestational infection, is just one of several observed brain changes. [More]
National MS Society awards grant to investigate impact of popular diets on multiple sclerosis-related fatigue

National MS Society awards grant to investigate impact of popular diets on multiple sclerosis-related fatigue

The National Multiple Sclerosis Society has just committed over $1 million to support a clinical trial at the University of Iowa led by Terry Wahls, MD, to compare the ability of two popular diets to treat multiple sclerosis-related fatigue, a disabling symptom that can significantly interfere with a person's ability to function at home and work. [More]
Small device detects initial signal of epileptic attack and provides effective relief

Small device detects initial signal of epileptic attack and provides effective relief

Researchers at Linköping University have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. [More]
Scientists reveal role of lysosomal vesicles in spread of Parkinson's disease

Scientists reveal role of lysosomal vesicles in spread of Parkinson's disease

Scientists from the Institut Pasteur have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting α-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons. [More]
Swimming can be effective option for treating patients with fibromyalgia pain

Swimming can be effective option for treating patients with fibromyalgia pain

A study performed by researchers at the Federal University of São Paulo shows swimming is as effective as walking to relieve pain and improve quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia. [More]
Added benefit of combination drug for HIV-infected patients not proven

Added benefit of combination drug for HIV-infected patients not proven

The drug combination emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide is approved in combination with other antiviral agents for the treatment of adults and adolescents infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). [More]
Next generation wearables for health monitoring: an interview with Dr Steven LeBoeuf

Next generation wearables for health monitoring: an interview with Dr Steven LeBoeuf

Wearables have proliferated in the marketplace, but there's still a lot of opportunity for growth. One of the ways in which wearables are limited is that people expect their wearables to really measure what they feel is important to be measured [More]
New clinical trial to examine safety of checkpoint inhibitor in pediatric cancer patients

New clinical trial to examine safety of checkpoint inhibitor in pediatric cancer patients

In an innovative, first-in-pediatrics study, available only at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, researchers will be enrolling children between 1 and 18 years of age who have certain types of relapsed or treatment-resistant cancer. [More]
Migraine patients differ from healthy people by increased vascular reactivity

Migraine patients differ from healthy people by increased vascular reactivity

A group of scientists from several Russian universities and medical centers made progress in explaining the nature of one of the most ancient neurologic diseases – migraine. The study was conducted within a larger project to develop a device capable of remotely and effectively diagnosing this disease. [More]
Mexican scientists develop micro valve to decrease microcephaly effects in developing fetus

Mexican scientists develop micro valve to decrease microcephaly effects in developing fetus

Microcephaly is a condition in which a decreased size in the skull of fetuses or babies occurs, preventing the full development of his brain. [More]
Scientists examine how neural responses change over time in patients with Parkinson's disease

Scientists examine how neural responses change over time in patients with Parkinson's disease

Neuroscientists peered into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease and two similar conditions to see how their neural responses changed over time. [More]
Scientists identify potential mechanism that paves way for improved treatment of fungal infections

Scientists identify potential mechanism that paves way for improved treatment of fungal infections

By identifying new compounds that selectively block mitochondrial respiration in pathogenic fungi, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potential antifungal mechanism that could enable combination therapy with fluconazole, one of today's most commonly prescribed fungal infection treatments. [More]
Drugs designed to target nervous system could control inflammation in the gut, study shows

Drugs designed to target nervous system could control inflammation in the gut, study shows

There's a reason it's called a gut feeling. The brain and the gut are connected by intricate neural networks that signal hunger and satiety, love and fear, even safety and danger. These networks employ myriad chemical signals that include dopamine, a powerful neurotransmitter most famous for its role in reward and addiction. [More]
Early treatment of multiple sclerosis may offer long-lasting effect on disease activity

Early treatment of multiple sclerosis may offer long-lasting effect on disease activity

Starting medication for multiple sclerosis (MS) in people who show the beginning signs of the disease is associated with prolonging the time before the disease is definitively diagnosed, according to a long-term study published in the August 10, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Easy-to-test clinical markers may help identify people at risk for age-related neurological diseases

Easy-to-test clinical markers may help identify people at risk for age-related neurological diseases

A new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study suggests a simple test of physical functioning may be able to help physicians identify individuals who are at a higher risk for developing Alzheimer's disease and stroke. [More]
Rare genetic variations linked to severe porphyria

Rare genetic variations linked to severe porphyria

An international research team has linked rare variations in a cell membrane protein to the wide variation in symptom severity that is a hallmark of porphyria, a rare disorder that often affects the skin, liver and nervous system. [More]
Scientists unravel effect of prion proteins on the nerves

Scientists unravel effect of prion proteins on the nerves

Ever since the prion gene was discovered in 1985, its role and biological impact on the neurons has remained a mystery. [More]
Researchers clarify beneficial function of brain protein linked to mad cow disease

Researchers clarify beneficial function of brain protein linked to mad cow disease

Scientists have clarified details in understanding the beneficial function of a type of protein normally associated with prion diseases of the brain, such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (commonly known as mad cow disease) and its human counterpart, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. [More]
Neuropathic pain could be significantly reduced by targeting brain cells

Neuropathic pain could be significantly reduced by targeting brain cells

Neuropathic pain - which affects more than 1 million Americans - could be reduced or even eliminated by targeting brain cells that are supposed to provide immunity but, in some instances, do the opposite, causing chronic pain that could last a lifetime. [More]
GSK launches educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis

GSK launches educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis

GSK today launched an educational campaign to help raise awareness of meningitis, a rare but potentially deadly disease. [More]
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