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The nervous system is an organ system containing a network of specialized cells called neurons that coordinate the actions of an animal and transmit signals between different parts of its body. In most animals the nervous system consists of two parts, central and peripheral. The central nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord.
Helium ion radiotherapy provides hope for improved, accurate radiation treatment for young cancer patients

Helium ion radiotherapy provides hope for improved, accurate radiation treatment for young cancer patients

For the first time, researchers have been able to demonstrate that the use of helium ions in radiation therapy could provide accurate treatment to tumours while helping to spare healthy organs. [More]
Neuroinflammation levels higher in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Neuroinflammation levels higher in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, in collaboration with Osaka City University and Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, have used functional PET imaging to show that levels of neuroinflammation, or inflammation of the nervous system, are higher in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome than in healthy people. [More]
Harvard stem cell scientists discover potential treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Harvard stem cell scientists discover potential treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Harvard stem cell scientists have discovered that a recently approved medication for epilepsy may possibly be a meaningful treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-Lou Gehrig's disease, a uniformly fatal neurodegenerative disorder. The researchers are now collaborating with Massachusetts General Hospital to design an initial clinical trial testing the safety of the treatment in ALS patients. [More]
FDA clears Omeros' OMS721 IND for inhibition of complement‑mediated TMAs

FDA clears Omeros' OMS721 IND for inhibition of complement‑mediated TMAs

Omeros Corporation today announced that its Investigational New Drug Application (IND) to evaluate OMS721 for the inhibition of complement‑mediated thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) has been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. [More]

Study sheds light on brain mechanisms that make schizophrenia patients misinterpret what they see

People with schizophrenia often misinterpret what they see and experience in the world. New research provides insight into the brain mechanisms that might be responsible for this misinterpretation. [More]
Young adults participated in cardio fitness activities may preserve memory, thinking skills in middle age

Young adults participated in cardio fitness activities may preserve memory, thinking skills in middle age

Young adults who run or participate in other cardio fitness activities may preserve their memory and thinking skills in middle age, according to a new study published in the April 2, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Middle age was defined as ages 43 to 55. [More]
Expert in gene therapy joins The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Expert in gene therapy joins The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Beverly L. Davidson, Ph.D., a nationally prominent expert in gene therapy, is joining The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) today. [More]

Uric acid in urine generates potentially hazardous in swimming pools by interacting with chlorine

A new study shows how uric acid in urine generates potentially hazardous "volatile disinfection byproducts" in swimming pools by interacting with chlorine, and researchers are advising swimmers to observe "improved hygiene habits. [More]
Researchers identify possible mechanism to repair damaged nerves after spinal cord injury

Researchers identify possible mechanism to repair damaged nerves after spinal cord injury

A new discovery suggests it could one day be possible to chemically reprogram and repair damaged nerves after spinal cord injury or brain trauma. [More]

Scientists present protein that facilitates control of nerve cells by light

​Networked nerve cells are the control center of organisms. In a nematode, 300 nerve cells are sufficient to initiate complex behavior. To understand the properties of the networks, re-searchers switch cells on and off with light and observe the resulting behavior of the organism. [More]
New neuromonitoring method prevents malpositioning of pedicle screws during thoracic spine surgery

New neuromonitoring method prevents malpositioning of pedicle screws during thoracic spine surgery

Researchers from Syracuse, New York, report a new, highly accurate, neuromonitoring method that can be used during thoracic spine surgery to prevent malpositioning of pedicle screws such that they enter the spinal canal and possibly cause postoperative neurological impairment. [More]
Study shows link between breast-feeding and risk of child developing obesity

Study shows link between breast-feeding and risk of child developing obesity

Many studies have focused on the influence of breast-feeding on child health. From analysis of data from the ELANCE cohort, Marie Fran-oise Rolland-Cachera, former researcher at Inserm and her co-workers in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN) have shown that breast-feeding has a protective effect on the risk of obesity at 20 years of age. [More]

EMD Serono collaborates with Pfizer and Broad Institute

EMD Serono, a subsidiary of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, today announced they have signed a research agreement with Pfizer Inc. and the Broad Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. The collaboration is focused on the genomic profiling of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and Lupus Nephritis (LN) patients. [More]
Researchers identify possible mechanism for re-growing damaged nerve fibres in central nervous system

Researchers identify possible mechanism for re-growing damaged nerve fibres in central nervous system

A new discovery suggests it could one day be possible to chemically reprogram and repair damaged nerves after spinal cord injury or brain trauma. [More]
Early rehabilitation improves neurofunctional outcome after surgery in children with spinal tumors

Early rehabilitation improves neurofunctional outcome after surgery in children with spinal tumors

In children, primary spinal tumors comprise 4% of all tumors from the central nervous system. Spinal tumors can present with a variety of clinical signs and symptoms in children such as pain followed by motor regression, gait disturbance, sphincter dysfunction, sensory symptoms, torticollis, and kyphoscoliosis. [More]

e-Therapeutics announces interim results from ETS2101 phase Ia trial for advanced solid tumours

e-Therapeutics plc announced today interim results from its phase Ia UK study evaluating the safety, dosing and anti-tumour activity of ETS2101 (dexanabinol) in patients with advanced solid tumours. [More]
Otsuka inks agreement with Eisai to acquire rights to hematological cancer treatment Dacogen

Otsuka inks agreement with Eisai to acquire rights to hematological cancer treatment Dacogen

Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. has announced an agreement with Eisai Inc., a U.S. subsidiary of Eisai Co., Ltd. to acquire rights to the hematological cancer treatment Dacogen and to an enzyme inhibitor, E7727. [More]
Forest Laboratories, Richter report positive results from cariprazine Phase IIb trial for bipolar depression

Forest Laboratories, Richter report positive results from cariprazine Phase IIb trial for bipolar depression

Forest Laboratories, Inc. and Gedeon Richter Plc. today announced positive topline results from a Phase IIb trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of the investigational antipsychotic cariprazine in patients with bipolar depression. [More]

Researchers develop fluorescent sensor to identify presence of drug used to spike beverages

A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed the world's first fluorescent sensor to identify the presence of a drug known as GHB that is commonly used to spike beverages. When the sensor is mixed with a sample of a beverage containing GHB, the mixture changes colour in less than 30 seconds, making detection of the drug fast and easy. [More]
Researchers develop potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West Nile virus

Researchers develop potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West Nile virus

An international research group led by Arizona State University professor Qiang "Shawn" Chen has developed a new generation of potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West Nile virus and other pathogens. [More]