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Sources of Vitamin C

By Dr Liji Thomas, MD

Vitamin C is available in abundance in many natural sources, including fresh fruits and vegetables. The richest sources include:

  • Indian gooseberry (700 mg/100 g)
  • citrus fruits, such as limes, oranges and lemons
  • tomatoes and tomato juice
  • potatoes
  • green and red peppers
  • kiwifruit, strawberries and cantaloupes
  • green leafy vegetables such as broccoli
  • fortified cereals

Vitamin C content in food is reduced by cooking, as well as during long periods of storage. Cooking losses may be lowered by steaming or microwaving. An adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables in raw form, which corresponds to 5 or more servings of different fruits and vegetables a day, usually supplies all the vitamin C that is needed.

The following table shows the vitamin C content of some plants, foods:

Plant source Amount
(mg / 100g)
Kakadu plum 3100
Camu Camu 2800
Rose hip 2000
Acerola 1600
Seabuckthorn 695
Jujube 500
Indian gooseberry 445
Baobab 400
Blackcurrant 200
Red pepper 190
Parsley 130
Guava 100
Kiwifruit 90
Broccoli 90
Loganberry 80
Redcurrant 80
Brussels sprouts 80
Wolfberry (Goji) 73 †
Lychee 70
Cloudberry 60
Elderberry 60
Persimmon 60

Plant source Amount
(mg / 100g)
Papaya 60
Strawberry 60
Orange 50
Lemon 40
Melon, cantaloupe 40
Cauliflower 40
Garlic 31
Grapefruit 30
Raspberry 30
Tangerine 30
Mandarin orange 30
Passion fruit 30
Spinach 30
Cabbage raw green 30
Lime 30
Mango 28
Blackberry 21
Potato 20
Melon, honeydew 20
Cranberry 13
Tomato 10
Blueberry 10
Pineapple 10
Pawpaw 10

Plant source Amount
(mg / 100g)
Grape 10
Apricot 10
Plum 10
Watermelon 10
Banana 9
Carrot 9
Avocado 8
Crabapple 8
Persimmon - fresh 7
Cherry 7
Peach 7
Apple 6
Asparagus 6
Beetroot 5
Chokecherry 5
Pear 4
Lettuce 4
Cucumber 3
Eggplant 2
Raisin 2
Fig 2
Bilberry 1
Horned melon 0.5
Medlar 0.3

Animal Source Amount
(mg / 100g)
Lamb liver (fried) 12
Calf adrenals (raw) 11
Lamb heart (roast) 11
Lamb tongue (stewed) 6
Human milk (fresh) 4
Goat milk (fresh) 2
Cow milk (fresh) 2

References

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 25, 2016

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