Drugs seniors use most often cause 60K hospitalizations annually

Published on November 28, 2011 at 2:46 AM · No Comments

News outlets are reporting on a new study that challenges conventional wisdom about seniors, their medicines and hospitalizations.

USA Today/HealthDay: Four Common Meds Send Thousands Of Seniors To Hospital
An estimated 100,000 older Americans are hospitalized for adverse drug reactions yearly, and most of those emergencies stem from four common medications, a new study finds. The four types of medication -- two for diabetes and two blood-thinning agents -- account for two-thirds of those drug-related emergency hospitalizations. "Of the thousands of medications available to older patients, a small group of blood thinners and diabetes medications caused a high proportion of emergency hospitalizations for adverse drug events among elderly Americans," said lead study author Dr. Daniel Budnitz, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's medication safety program (Goodwin, 11/25).

The New York Times: Four Drugs Cause Most Hospitalizations in Older Adults 
All these drugs are commonly prescribed to older adults, and they can be hard to use correctly. ... Some require blood testing to adjust their doses, and a small dose can have a powerful effect. Blood sugar can be notoriously hard to control in people with diabetes, for example, and taking a slightly larger dose of insulin than needed can send a person into shock (O'Connor, 11/23).

Medscape: 4 Drugs Cause Most Adverse-Event Hospital Stays for Seniors
In contrast, medications red-flagged as high risk or inappropriate by health authorities explained only 1.2% and 6.6%, respectively, of such hospital admissions. ... Hospitalizations arising from [adverse drug events] promise to increase "as Americans live longer, have greater numbers of chronic conditions, and take more medications," the authors note. Lowering the number of such hospitalizations, they write, is a major priority of a federal initiative called Partnership for Patients, which was launched in April. (Lowes, 11/23). 

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