Lifestyle changes can play a considerable role in influencing the risk of developing cancer later in life. The key negative factors include smoking, lack of exercise and being overweight. These are the words of oncologist Gabriela Kornek from the University Department of Internal Medicine and the Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) at the MedUni Vienna in the run-up to the forthcoming European ESMO Cancer Congress being held from 28th September to 2nd October in Vienna under the aegis of the MedUni Vienna.
"When it comes to screening, whether it is through colonoscopy or mammography, Austrians are getting better and taking more responsibility for their health," says Kornek. "Unfortunately, however, the same cannot be said for prevention through lifestyle changes. We have the highest number of young smokers and the youngest alcoholics." Studies have shown that by reducing smoking by just 15 per cent and taking 30 per cent more exercise, along with healthy nutrition incorporating lots of fruit and vegetables, a significantly better prognosis can be achieved in terms of the likelihood of developing cancer later in life.