The founder of a decades-long scientific study that has proved the enduring benefits of early education today (Feb. 15, 2013) applauded President Barack Obama's recent call for universal access to high-quality preschool in the United States.
"Investing in high-quality early education has dramatic and sustained payoffs not just for the children directly involved, but for society as well," said Craig Ramey, Ph.D., the originator and founding principal investigator of the Abecedarian Project, a scientific study of the potential benefits of early childhood education for economically disadvantaged children.
The most recent report from the project, published in the journal Developmental Psychology, found that, decades later, participants were far more likely than the control group to have been consistently employed and far less likely to have used public assistance.
"Think of it as a kind of educational compound interest," added Ramey. "From the moment a child enters kindergarten, the focus on achievement begins. When children are prepared, their early successes lead to more successes. But when they're not prepared, a lifelong struggle can begin. The spiral can be upward, or it can be downward, and that's the achievement gap that President Obama was describing earlier this week, both in his State of the Union address and his remarks yesterday in Georgia."
Ramey, a pioneer in understanding the factors that contribute to children's early cognitive development, is now a professor and distinguished research scholar at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute. There he provides scientific leadership to the Louisiana Department of Education's efforts to assess its prekindergarten program. He also remains active with the Abecedarian Project.