The National Football League's stance on concussions has changed in the past few years. Despite the changes to their platform, the NFL has not been active in the creation of health policy, and healthcare providers are unable to implement policies to protect American football players from mild brain injuries and concussions.
In a commentary from Volume 34, Issue 2, 2013 of Journal of Legal Medicine, published by Routledge, Daniel S. Goldberg J.D., Ph.D. evaluates strategies which regulated industries typically use to build their brand when faced with accusations of occupational harm - in this case the NFL. One of the more common strategies Goldberg believes an organization will use is manufacture of doubt. "I would describe the manufacture of doubt as the systematic attempt to create scientific doubt regarding the causal links between a given industry and public health harms," he explained. "The creation of that doubt is only a means to the end to forestall regulatory and policy action intended to minimize the harm by internalizing the costs to the regulated industry itself."