New in our journals
Hostile sexism hurts intimate relationships
Men who generally believe that women who challenge men's power are manipulative and subversive - so-called hostile sexism - carry over those antagonistic attitudes into their intimate relationships. In two studies, researchers gathered behavior data from committed heterosexual couples either five times across a year or daily for three weeks. They found that men who endorse hostile sexism perceived their female partners to behave more negatively than they actually did. These biased perceptions led the men to behave more negatively toward their partners and experience lower relationship satisfaction. "Men's Hostile Sexism and Biased Perceptions of Intimate Partners Fostering Dissatisfaction and Negative Behavior in Close Relationships," Matthew D. Hammond and Nickola C. Overall, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, online August 15, 2013 - forthcoming in print, December 2013.
Considering abandoning a goal comes at a cost
Most of us reach a critical juncture when we consider giving up on a tough personal goal - whether weight loss or kicking a tough habit. Three longitudinal field studies found that experiencing that point - when we feel set back in our goal pursuit and are not sure whether to continue - has strong psychological and physiological effects. In one study of runners in a Swiss marathon, those considering no longer running the marathon showed a stronger secretion of the stress hormone cortisol and a lower performance in the race 2 weeks later. "The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals: Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis," Veronika Brandst-tter, Marcel Herrmann, and Julia Sch-ler, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, online August 23, 2013 - forthcoming in print, December 2013.
Society's role in creative genius
Finding the right balance between individual independence and social conformity has always posed a conundrum to social scientists and philosophers seeking to understand creativity. A new research review posits that the relationship between a creator and his or her social group lies at the heart of the creative process. A person's social group not only encourages originality but also determines how their creative efforts will be appreciated. A person's social identity therefore is both the beginning and end of the creative process. "The Collective Origins of Valued Originality: A Social Identity Approach to Creativity," S. Alexander Haslam, Inmaculada Adarves-Yorno, Tom Postmes and Lise Jans, Personality and Social Psychology Review, online August 12, 2013 - forthcoming in print, November 2013.
The first offer prevails in negotiations