Type 2 Diabetes News and Research RSS Feed - Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
Common signaling pathway may control formation of tumor cells in fat, reveals Purdue study

Common signaling pathway may control formation of tumor cells in fat, reveals Purdue study

A common cell signaling pathway that controls differentiation of stem cells may also control the formation of tumor cells in fat, according to a Purdue University study. [More]
Researchers identify new gene for type 2 diabetes at well-established genomic location

Researchers identify new gene for type 2 diabetes at well-established genomic location

Gene researchers have used sophisticated scientific tools to reveal a new gene for type 2 diabetes at a well-established genomic location. [More]
New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness

Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiometabolic conditions, may be a biological mechanism linking posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to structural brain abnormalities, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry. [More]
Study finds tight glycemic control provides no impact on patient-important microvascular outcomes

Study finds tight glycemic control provides no impact on patient-important microvascular outcomes

The glucocentric focus on lowering blood sugar in Type 2 diabetes may have short-circuited development of new diabetes therapies, according to a new paper published by Mayo Clinic researchers in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers identify protein that can kick-start more efficient, healthful breakdown of fat

UT Southwestern researchers identify protein that can kick-start more efficient, healthful breakdown of fat

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells - and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes - can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat. [More]
Research findings point to potential drug targets to improve angiogenesis in diabetes patients

Research findings point to potential drug targets to improve angiogenesis in diabetes patients

Diabetes heightens the risk of vascular damage to heart and limbs, and impairs the ability to repair damage with new growth of blood vessels, called angiogenesis. [More]
UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UC San Francisco researchers studying beige fat — a calorie-burning tissue that can help to ward off obesity and diabetes — have discovered a new strategy to cultivate this beneficial blubber. [More]
Cedars-Sinai study identifies metabolic enzyme that alerts the body to invading bacteria

Cedars-Sinai study identifies metabolic enzyme that alerts the body to invading bacteria

Biomedical investigators at Cedars-Sinai have identified an enzyme found in all human cells that alerts the body to invading bacteria and jump-starts the immune system. [More]
UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that can promote healthful breakdown of fat

UT Southwestern researchers discover protein that can promote healthful breakdown of fat

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells - and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes - can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat. [More]
Prevalence of coronary calcification similar between patients with psoriasis and type 2 diabetes

Prevalence of coronary calcification similar between patients with psoriasis and type 2 diabetes

Assessing coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a measure of the severity of atherosclerosis (clogged arteries) and a cornerstone for screening for risk of future cardiac events. The inflammatory skin condition psoriasis has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. [More]
AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

AgriLife scientists examine role of ghrelin receptor in age-related adipose tissue inflammation in mice

Scientists have proposed that inflammation is the harbinger of aging and central to the aging process, a phenomenon described as 'inflamm-aging,' said Dr. Yuxiang Sun. [More]
Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Can a diet high in processed fat and sugar and Type 2 diabetes cause degeneration of intervertebral discs in the spine? If so, what is happening, and can it be prevented? As part of an ongoing collaboration between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - a partnership that draws upon the expertise of both schools to address significant health problems - researchers hope to answer those questions by investigating the link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and intervertebral disc degeneration. [More]
Revised blood pressure targets for diabetes patients may increase number of stroke patients

Revised blood pressure targets for diabetes patients may increase number of stroke patients

The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes. [More]
Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Scientists have long known that infants born to women who are obese show higher risks of obesity, but they don't fully understand what boosts those risks. [More]
Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Food provides us with a variety of substances we need to maintain life. These substances are essential nutrients and are classified as macronutrients (water, protein, fats, and carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). [More]
Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Obesity and Type 2 diabetes are associated with vascular stiffening and the development of cardiovascular disease. [More]
Study uses mathematical models to examine link between water fluoridation and diabetes

Study uses mathematical models to examine link between water fluoridation and diabetes

Water fluoridation prevents dental cavities, which are a costly public health concern. But despite the benefits supplemental water fluoridation remains a controversial subject. [More]
Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Fractyl Laboratories Inc. (Fractyl) announced today publication of data in the current issue of Diabetes Care from the Company’s first-in-human study of RevitaTM duodenal mucosal resurfacing (Revita DMR). [More]
BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Findings from Boston University School of Medicine, which appear in eLife, provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. [More]
Replacing one sugar-sweetened beverage with water may help reduce body weight

Replacing one sugar-sweetened beverage with water may help reduce body weight

Think one little sugary soda won't make a difference on your waistline? Think again. If people replace just one calorie-laden drink with water, they can reduce body weight and improve overall health, according to a Virginia Tech researcher. [More]
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