Type 2 Diabetes News and Research RSS Feed - Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
TSRI study points way to potential therapies for hereditary spastic paraplegia

TSRI study points way to potential therapies for hereditary spastic paraplegia

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered that a gene mutation linked to hereditary spastic paraplegia, a disabling neurological disorder, interferes with the normal breakdown of triglyceride fat molecules in the brain. The TSRI researchers found large droplets of triglycerides within the neurons of mice modeling the disease. [More]
Antibiotic exposure in infancy linked to childhood obesity

Antibiotic exposure in infancy linked to childhood obesity

Repeated exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics in the first two years of life is associated with early childhood obesity, say researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in a retrospective study based on data from electronic health records from the extensive CHOP Care Network. [More]
Increasing prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea threatens public health and safety

Increasing prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea threatens public health and safety

Public health and safety are threatened by the increasing prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea, which now afflicts at least 25 million adults in the U.S., according to the National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project. Several new studies highlight the destructive nature of obstructive sleep apnea, a chronic disease that increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, stroke and depression. [More]
EnteroMedics' CE Mark for Maestro System expanded to include management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus

EnteroMedics' CE Mark for Maestro System expanded to include management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus

EnteroMedics Inc., the developer of medical devices using neuroblocking technology to treat obesity, metabolic diseases and other gastrointestinal disorders, today announced that its CE Mark for the Maestro Rechargeable (RC) System for obesity was expanded to include the management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus through improved glycemic control. [More]
Gastric bypass surgery provides better results than gastric banding

Gastric bypass surgery provides better results than gastric banding

Gastric bypass surgery has better outcomes than gastric banding for long-term weight loss, controlling type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, and lowering cholesterol levels, according to a new review by UT Southwestern Medical Center surgeons of nearly 30 long-term studies comparing the two types of bariatric procedures. [More]
MicroBiome Therapeutics' NM 505 drug can improve tolerability of metformin

MicroBiome Therapeutics' NM 505 drug can improve tolerability of metformin

MicroBiome TherapeuticsTM LLC, today reported positive topline results from a proof of concept study testing whether its investigational drug, NM 505, can improve the tolerability of metformin, the first-line therapy for Type 2 diabetes worldwide. [More]
Study finds that only half of U.S. adults screened for diabetes in last three years

Study finds that only half of U.S. adults screened for diabetes in last three years

A new cross-sectional study in American Journal of Preventive Medicine finds that only half of adults in the U.S. were screened for diabetes within the last three years, less than what is recommended by the American Diabetes Association. [More]
Working long hours in jobs of low socioeconomic status can increase the risk of diabetes

Working long hours in jobs of low socioeconomic status can increase the risk of diabetes

It is widely accepted that working long hours can be detrimental to one's health; not least because it leaves less time free to exercise and can cause stress and sleep disturbances. [More]
Treating prediabetes patients could help prevent severe complications associated with diabetes

Treating prediabetes patients could help prevent severe complications associated with diabetes

Doctors at three leading research institutions and the American Diabetes Association report that treating patients with prediabetes as if they had diabetes could help prevent or delay the most severe complications associated with this chronic disease, which affects about thirty million people in the United States. [More]
Dynamical glucometry may uncover new ways of understanding diabetes

Dynamical glucometry may uncover new ways of understanding diabetes

For millions of people in the United States living with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, measuring the daily rise and fall of blood glucose (sugar) is a way of life. [More]
Diabetes rates among U.S. adults stabilizing

Diabetes rates among U.S. adults stabilizing

Following a doubling of the incidence and prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. from 1990-2008, new data suggest a plateauing of the rate between 2008 and 2012 for adults, however the incidence continued to increase in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black adults, according to a study in the September 24 issue of JAMA. [More]
Storage symptoms more severe in men with comorbid diabetes

Storage symptoms more severe in men with comorbid diabetes

A study of men with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia suggests that the presence of comorbid diabetes is associated with more severe urological symptoms. [More]
Brandeis researchers explore relationship between weight and stress-induced inflammation

Brandeis researchers explore relationship between weight and stress-induced inflammation

If you're overweight, you may be at greater risk for stress-related diseases like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to a new study by Brandeis University. [More]
Fast decline in insulin sensitivity seen in pre-diabetic South Asians

Fast decline in insulin sensitivity seen in pre-diabetic South Asians

People of south Asian descent who have Type 2 diabetes show a more rapid decline in fasting glucose levels than White individuals even before they develop the disease, new findings from the Whitehall II study suggest. [More]
Reducing insomnia can decrease inflammation, lower risk for chronic disease in older adults

Reducing insomnia can decrease inflammation, lower risk for chronic disease in older adults

Lack of sleep can make you sick. And while everybody has the occasional restless night, for those who suffer from chronic insomnia — some 15 percent of older adults in the United States — that sleep loss can increase the risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and even lead to an earlier death. [More]
Researchers discover new molecular mechanism that plays crucial role in age-dependent diabetes

Researchers discover new molecular mechanism that plays crucial role in age-dependent diabetes

Ageing of insulin-secreting cells is coupled to a progressive decline in signal transduction and insulin release, according to a recent study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. [More]

First data from phase 3 study of investigational once-weekly DPP-4 inhibitor for type 2 diabetes presented by MSD

MSD, known as Merck & Co., Inc. (NYSE: MRK) in the United States and Canada, today announced the presentation of the first data from the Phase 3 clinical development programme for omarigliptin, MSD’s investigational treatment for type 2 diabetes. [More]
Dairy products contribute to overall metabolic health

Dairy products contribute to overall metabolic health

Dairy is considered part of a healthy diet and dietary guidelines recommend the daily consumption of 2-4 portions of milk-based products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, cream and butter. [More]
ADA Maryland Chapter, WellDoc collaborate to empower patients with type 2 diabetes

ADA Maryland Chapter, WellDoc collaborate to empower patients with type 2 diabetes

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) Maryland Chapter and WellDoc®, a health care behavioral science and technology company, have announced the launch of a collaboration to empower people in Maryland with type 2 diabetes to take control of their diabetes by improving their day-to-day self-management. [More]
Brain stimulation increases cravings for high-calorie foods, shows study

Brain stimulation increases cravings for high-calorie foods, shows study

Magnetic stimulation of a brain area involved in "executive function" affects cravings for and consumption of calorie-dense snack foods, reports a study in the September issue of Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society. [More]