Canadian journal examines HIV in Swaziland

Published on October 20, 2012 at 2:23 AM · No Comments

The Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) reports on HIV in the Kingdom of Swaziland, writing the country "now has the dubious distinction of having the world's highest rate of both HIV and tuberculosis (TB)." The journal notes "[a]bout 26 percent of adults aged 15-49, or about 202,000 of all the citizens of Africa's last absolute monarchy, are HIV-positive, according to the Swaziland government," and asks, "Why are the 1.2 million people of this landlocked kingdom ... in such dire straits?" CMAJ writes, "A host of underlying factors appear to be at the root of its woes: politics, history, culture, economics, poverty, gender inequity, and much more."

According to the CMAJ, the country's health system is "plagued by staffing shortages, as well as frequent shortages of laboratory supplies and antiretroviral" therapies (ARTs). However, "[w]hen the shortage of antiretrovirals became particularly acute in 2007, the government took the rather unusual step of inviting [Medecins Sans Frontieres'] aid," the journal writes, adding, "Since partnering with numerous non-governmental organizations and the rapid rollout of ARTs, Swaziland's HIV rates have stabilized, says Minister of Health Benedict Xabo." CMAJ notes, "The emphasis now is on getting more people to testing, counseling and treatment, particularly pregnant women, 'in order to ensure an HIV-free generation,' adds Xabo" (Sibbald, 10/17).


http://www.kaiserhealthnews.orgThis article was reprinted from kaiserhealthnews.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente.

 

Posted in: Disease/Infection News | Healthcare News

Tags: , , , , ,

Read in | English | Español | Français | Deutsch | Português | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | 简体中文 | 繁體中文 | Nederlands | Русский | Svenska | Polski
Comments
The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like... ×
Research and planning to meet health needs of people living with HIV