Johns Hopkins Nursing researchers focus on MRSA, motherhood, hospital stress, intimate partner violence, and more in the November-December 2012 research news brief.
Psych Unit Infection Risks. Dangerous bacteria like methocillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are more prevalent in newly admitted psychiatric patients than in the general hospital population, according to Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing (JHUSON) assistant professor and researcher Jason Farley, PhD, CRNP, and colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Farley says, "Patients with mental disorders often have other conditions, like HIV/AIDS or chronic illnesses, that heighten their risk for acquiring MRSA. Admission screening can reduce the spread." ["Prevalence, risk factors and molecular epidemiology of MRSA nasal and axillary colonization among psychiatric patients on admission to an academic medical center." American Journal of Infection Control, Dec. 2012.]
Tools for Mom. Most new mothers leave the hospital with a baby, a stack of booklets and many unanswered questions. According to associate professor Elizabeth "Betty" Jordan, DNSc, RNC, and JHUSON doctoral graduate Barbara Buchko, DNP, RNC-MNN, a better strategy includes a comprehensive booklet and individualized education throughout the hospital stay. Jordan says, "Our approach personalizes newborn care information, making it more relevant for each mother." ["Improving quality and efficiency of postpartum hospital education." Journal of Perinatal Education, Oct.-Dec. 2012.] Elsewhere, Jordan and colleagues describe Text4baby, an award-winning messaging service for new mothers. ["Text4baby: Development and implementation of a national text messaging health information service," American Journal of Public Health, Dec. 2012.]
Clinicians Behaving Badly. The effects of stress on nurses and doctors can harm patient care. In a study of over 1,550 hospital clinicians, eight in 10 reported experiencing disruptive workplace behavior in the past year, according to JHUSON instructor Jo Walrath, PhD, RN, and Johns Hopkins Hospital's Deborah Dang, PhD, RN, and Dorothy Nyberg, MS, RN. Walrath notes, "By pinpointing triggers for disruptive behavior, we can craft specific solutions to ensure that clinicians 'do no harm.' " ["An organizational assessment of disruptive clinical behavior." Journal of Nursing Care Quality, Oct. 2012.]