Published on February 10, 2014 at 12:53 AM
Apart from the use of heroine, other factors related to the greater risk of death were identified, such as the absence of regular employment, drug use by injection or consuming cocaine on a daily basis.
"This excess mortality may be due to the consumption of cocaine or heroin, but there are also other factors that may be different among the general population and the participants, such as mental disorders, personality traits, social conditions, etc.," said Barrio.
Another interesting finding was that the excess mortality with regard to the general population of the same age and sex was significantly higher among women than among men, particularly among those who consumed cocaine but not heroin (8.6 times in women compared with 3.5 times in men).
"This information does not mean that female cocaine consumers have a significantly greater risk of death than their male counterparts, but that the relative increased risk of female cocaine consumers compared with women in the general population of their same age (with a very low death risk) is higher than the relative increase of consumers compared with men among the general population," he clarified.
For the authors, the conclusions of this work are important because they will enable better estimates to be obtained for mortalities attributable to cocaine and they also show that interventions need to be increased in order to reduce the consumption of these substances and the damage caused by them.
Source: FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology