Bayer HealthCare and Onyx Pharmaceuticals Inc., an Amgen subsidiary (NASDAQ: AMGN), today announced that an investigational Phase 3 trial of NEXAVAR® (sorafenib) tablets in patients with advanced breast cancer did not meet its primary endpoint of improving progression-free survival (PFS).
The study, called RESILIENCE, evaluated the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in combination with capecitabine, an oral chemotherapeutic agent, compared to placebo plus capecitabine, in patients with HER2-negative breast cancer who are resistant to or have failed prior taxane therapy, and resistant to or failed anthracycline or for whom further anthracycline therapy is not indicated. Based on initial review of the data, the types of adverse events observed were generally comparable with those known for either sorafenib or capecitabine. Data from this study are expected to be presented at an upcoming scientific congress.
"We are disappointed that the trial did not show an improvement in progression-free survival in patients with advanced breast cancer," said Dr. Joerg Moeller, Member of the Bayer HealthCare Executive Committee and Head of Global Development. "While the primary endpoint of this trial was not met, the trial results do not affect the currently approved indications for NEXAVAR. We would like to thank the patients and the study investigators for their contributions and participation in this study."
Phase 3 Trial Design
The RESILIENCE (Phase 3 TRial Comparing CapecitabinE in Combination with SorafenIb or PLacebo for Treatment of Locally Advanced or MetastatIc HER2–Negative Breast CancEr) trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III study which enrolled 537 patients in more than 20 countries, including the United States, Europe, Japan and Australia. The study evaluated sorafenib in combination with capecitabine in patients with locally advanced or metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer who are resistant to or failed prior taxane therapy, and resistant to or failed anthracycline or for whom further anthracycline is not indicated.
The primary endpoint of the study was progression-free survival. Secondary endpoints included overall survival, time to progression, overall response rate, disease control rate, duration of response, patient reported quality of life and safety. Patients were randomized to receive either 600 mg of oral sorafenib or matching placebo daily on a continuous schedule, in addition to 1,000 mg/m2 of capecitabine twice daily for 14 days of a 21 day cycle.
Bayer HealthCare; Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.