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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food people eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.

After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When people eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into the cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body in the urine. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.
Phase 3 VIVID-DME trial of EYLEA Injection for treatment of DME shows improvement in visual acuity

Phase 3 VIVID-DME trial of EYLEA Injection for treatment of DME shows improvement in visual acuity

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced that in the Phase 3 VIVID-DME trial of EYLEA® (aflibercept) Injection for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME), EYLEA 2 milligrams (mg) dosed monthly (2Q4) and EYLEA 2 mg dosed every two months (after 5 initial monthly injections, 2Q8) showed a sustained improvement from baseline in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at week 100 (2 years), compared to laser photocoagulation. [More]
Consumption of probiotics during 30 days helps diminish accumulation of fat in liver

Consumption of probiotics during 30 days helps diminish accumulation of fat in liver

Spanish scientists have demonstrated through an experiment on obese rats that the consumption of probiotics during thirty days helps diminish the accumulation of fat in the liver. [More]
Salk scientists identify gene that fights metastasis of common lung cancer

Salk scientists identify gene that fights metastasis of common lung cancer

Scientists at the Salk Institute have identified a gene responsible for stopping the movement of cancer from the lungs to other parts of the body, indicating a new way to fight one of the world's deadliest cancers. [More]
Lipoic acid appears to reset and synchronize circadian rhythms

Lipoic acid appears to reset and synchronize circadian rhythms

Researchers have discovered a possible explanation for the surprisingly large range of biological effects that are linked to a micronutrient called lipoic acid: It appears to reset and synchronize circadian rhythms, or the "biological clock" found in most life forms. [More]
New analysis reveals 40% decrease in incidence of stroke in older Medicare patients

New analysis reveals 40% decrease in incidence of stroke in older Medicare patients

Rates Declined for Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke and Mortality in Both Men and Women 65 Years and Older, Reports The American Journal of Medicine [More]
Analysis urges health professionals to consider environmental and health impact of seafood sourcing

Analysis urges health professionals to consider environmental and health impact of seafood sourcing

As government agencies recommend greater consumption of seafood for its health benefits, a new analysis led by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future urges medical and public health professionals to consider the environmental and health impact of seafood sourcing, particularly aquaculture, or the farming of fish, shellfish and crustaceans. [More]
Researchers examine how much fruit and vegetables school children eat

Researchers examine how much fruit and vegetables school children eat

Less than every fourth child in Europe have enough fruit and vegetables included in their daily diet, a study by Swedish researchers at örebro University and Karolinska Institutet shows. The findings are a part of an EU-funded study and are presented in Public Health Nutrition today. [More]
New book addresses safe and effective exercises for overweight children

New book addresses safe and effective exercises for overweight children

Safe and Effective Exercise for Overweight Youth by Melinda Sothern, PhD, Director of Behavioral & Community Health Sciences and Professor of Research at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health, provides exercise recommendations and guidelines specifically designed for overweight youth. [More]
Bubble wrap offers numerous advantages for people living in resource-limited areas

Bubble wrap offers numerous advantages for people living in resource-limited areas

Popping the blisters on the bubble wrap might be the most enjoyable thing about moving. But now, scientists propose a more productive way to reuse the popular packing material - as a sheet of small, test tube-like containers for medical and environmental samples. [More]
Study finds no sign that health law has created crush of Medical demand

Study finds no sign that health law has created crush of Medical demand

The industry study finds that visits to doctors are down slightly over 2013. Another study looks at how nurses could do more in managing chronic illnesses to relieve stress on doctors. [More]
Cholesterol-lowering statins may prolong lives of people with diabetic cardiovascular disease

Cholesterol-lowering statins may prolong lives of people with diabetic cardiovascular disease

Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability among people with Type 2 diabetes. In fact, at least 65 percent of people with diabetes die from some form of heart disease or stroke, according to the American Heart Association. [More]
Women with history of pregnancy loss are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease later

Women with history of pregnancy loss are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease later

The Annals of Family Medicine today published an article detailing research showing that women with a history of pregnancy loss are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease later in adulthood than other women, work completed by physicians in the Center for Primary Care and Prevention (CPCP) at Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island. [More]
Potassium supplements with loop diuretics increase survival rates of heart failure patients

Potassium supplements with loop diuretics increase survival rates of heart failure patients

Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that patients taking prescription potassium supplements together with loop diuretics for heart failure have better survival rates than patients taking diuretics without the potassium. Moreover, the degree of benefit increases with higher diuretic doses. [More]
Single injection of protein FGF1 enough to restore blood sugar levels

Single injection of protein FGF1 enough to restore blood sugar levels

In mice with diet-induced diabetes—the equivalent of type 2 diabetes in humans—a single injection of the protein FGF1 is enough to restore blood sugar levels to a healthy range for more than two days. [More]
Thirteen scientists receive grant to identify new treatments, cure for psoriasis

Thirteen scientists receive grant to identify new treatments, cure for psoriasis

Thirteen scientists received a total of $1.05 million in funding from the National Psoriasis Foundation for projects that aim to identify new treatments and a cure for psoriasis—an autoimmune disease that appears on the skin, affecting 7.5 million Americans—and psoriatic arthritis—an inflammatory arthritis that affects the joints and tendons, occurring in up to 30 percent of people with psoriasis. [More]
Novagant releases GoldenCBD oil including capsules and liquids

Novagant releases GoldenCBD oil including capsules and liquids

Novagant Corp. is pleased to announce that in this month of July it will release its GoldenCBD™ oil that will be available in several forms, including capsules and liquids. It will be the answer for those Medical Cannabis Patients living outside Washington and Colorado. [More]
JRC publishes first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe

JRC publishes first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe

As part of the European Commission's efforts to help reduce childhood obesity, the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC), has published the first comprehensive report on school food policies in Europe. [More]
Mayo Clinic achieves Honor Roll status in U.S. News and World Report's top hospitals ranking

Mayo Clinic achieves Honor Roll status in U.S. News and World Report's top hospitals ranking

Mayo Clinic has achieved the highest honor in U.S. News and World Report's ranking of top hospitals. Mayo Clinic earned more number one rankings than any other provider, ranking number one or number two in 11 of the 12 specialties based on reputation, services and volumes, safety and clinical outcomes. [More]
Researchers reveal molecular interplay between Roquin and RNA

Researchers reveal molecular interplay between Roquin and RNA

The Roquin protein, discovered in 2005, controls T-cell activation and differentiation by regulating the expression of certain mRNAs. In doing so, it helps to guarantee immunological tolerance and prevents immune responses against the body's own structures that can lead to autoimmune disease. [More]
Mount Sinai Hospital earns top rankings on the U.S. News & World Report's Best Hospitals Honor Roll

Mount Sinai Hospital earns top rankings on the U.S. News & World Report's Best Hospitals Honor Roll

By earning "top rankings" in six out of 16 medical specialties, The Mount Sinai Hospital achieved "Honor Roll" status in this year's U.S. News & World Report "Best Hospitals" guidebook. [More]