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A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe. The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms that it later encounters.
CDC recommends flu shot via injection for safe and effective prevention of diseases

CDC recommends flu shot via injection for safe and effective prevention of diseases

This year, everyone will have to roll up their sleeves and receive the flu shot via injection, as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention no longer recommends the nasal flu mist vaccine due to ineffectiveness. [More]
Scientists design new universal flu vaccine to protect against future global pandemics

Scientists design new universal flu vaccine to protect against future global pandemics

An international team of scientists have designed a new generation of universal flu vaccines to protect against future global pandemics that could kill millions. [More]
World Rabies Day 2016: OIE releases video, infographic to explain operation of rabies Vaccine Bank

World Rabies Day 2016: OIE releases video, infographic to explain operation of rabies Vaccine Bank

Since its establishment in 2012 by the OIE, the rabies Vaccine Bank has contributed to the elimination of rabies in OIE Member Countries by providing high-quality rabies vaccines at an affordable price and in a timely manner. These vaccines act as triggers for the implementation of mass vaccination campaigns, essential to any effective national rabies elimination strategy. [More]
Region of the Americas becomes first in world to eradicate measles

Region of the Americas becomes first in world to eradicate measles

The Region of the Americas is the first in the world to have eliminated measles, a viral disease that can cause severe health problems, including pneumonia, blindness, brain swelling and even death. This achievement culminates a 22-year effort involving mass vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella throughout the Americas. [More]
WHO, OIE and FAO reiterate call for world free from dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030

WHO, OIE and FAO reiterate call for world free from dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030

The World Health Organization, the World Organisation for Animal Health and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations are reiterating their call for a world free from human rabies transmitted by dogs by 2030. [More]
Medical experts offer new tips to avoid getting sick during flu season

Medical experts offer new tips to avoid getting sick during flu season

As flu season approaches, medical experts have some new recommendations - along with some old standards - on how to reduce your chances of getting sick. [More]
Parents do not perceive need to vaccinate children against influenza, study finds

Parents do not perceive need to vaccinate children against influenza, study finds

Despite the fact that influenza leads to more hospitalizations and deaths among children than any other vaccine-preventable disease, parents frequently decline vaccinating their children against influenza because they don't perceive the need, according to a new case-control study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology. [More]
HPV vaccine can decrease incidence of cervical pre-cancers among young women, research shows

HPV vaccine can decrease incidence of cervical pre-cancers among young women, research shows

Every 20 minutes, someone in the United States receives a cancer diagnosis related to human papillomavirus. HPV causes cancer of the cervix, anus and throat. [More]
Researchers identify fungus that makes mosquitoes more susceptible to malaria infection

Researchers identify fungus that makes mosquitoes more susceptible to malaria infection

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have identified a fungus that compromises the immune system of mosquitoes, making them more susceptible to infection with the parasite that causes malaria. [More]
Clinical study to test efficacy of different formulations of flu vaccine in heart failure patients

Clinical study to test efficacy of different formulations of flu vaccine in heart failure patients

Heart disease patients enrolled in a clinical trial - designed to test whether a stronger dose of the influenza vaccine can prevent death or hospitalization due to a heart attack, heart failure, stroke or pneumonia - have begun receiving their first flu shots in Toronto and Boston. [More]
Researchers identify new immune cell that protects mice from lung infections during chemotherapy

Researchers identify new immune cell that protects mice from lung infections during chemotherapy

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have identified a new form of an immune cell that protected mice from life-threatening lung infections under conditions that mimic cancer chemotherapy. [More]
Broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies open new avenues for development of effective vaccine

Broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies open new avenues for development of effective vaccine

A small number of people infected with HIV produce antibodies with an amazing effect: Not only are the antibodies directed against the own virus strain, but also against different sub-types of HIV that circulate worldwide. [More]
New research shows childhood diarrhea cases significantly higher than estimated

New research shows childhood diarrhea cases significantly higher than estimated

The number of cases of childhood diarrhoea attributable to pathogens (bacteria, parasites, viruses or other infections) have been substantially underestimated and may be nearly twice as high as previous analysis suggests, according to new research published in The Lancet. [More]
Batavia Biosciences receives $8 million grant to develop safe, affordable rotavirus vaccine

Batavia Biosciences receives $8 million grant to develop safe, affordable rotavirus vaccine

Batavia Biosciences received an $8 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop a low cost manufacturing process to bring an affordable rotavirus vaccine to the global health market. [More]
Scientists identify potential new way to prevent chronic urinary tract infections

Scientists identify potential new way to prevent chronic urinary tract infections

Researchers have identified a potential way to prevent chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs). Their research points to a key protein that bacteria use to latch onto the bladder and cause UTIs, according to scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
Study finds nonwhite transplant recipients at risk for skin cancer

Study finds nonwhite transplant recipients at risk for skin cancer

A new study from Drexel University College of Medicine suggests all organ transplant recipients, regardless of race, should receive routine, total-body screenings for skin cancer. [More]
Tips to prevent back-to-school illnesses in children

Tips to prevent back-to-school illnesses in children

The backpacks are packed, lunchboxes are filled and the little ones are back in school. Kids have returned to their classrooms with stories of their summer vacations, and, unfortunately, with a host of germs ready to spread quickly in a close environment. [More]
Guidelines for staying healthy during flu season

Guidelines for staying healthy during flu season

The American Academy of Pediatrics updated its annual influenza (flu) season guidelines, withdrawing the child-friendly nasal flu vaccine, FluMist, this year. [More]
Researchers underscore importance of immune-based prevention to conquer cancer

Researchers underscore importance of immune-based prevention to conquer cancer

In a Perspective piece published this week in PNAS, cancer researchers from across the country, including faculty at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center, write that a greater emphasis on immune-based prevention should be central to new efforts like the federal Cancer Moonshot program, headed by Vice President Joe Biden. [More]
MIP vaccine could reduce new leprosy cases in India by 60%

MIP vaccine could reduce new leprosy cases in India by 60%

The Indian government has announced that it is stepping up its efforts to eradicate leprosy by testing a vaccine that if successful could cut the number of new reported cases by 60 per cent in three years in the targeted districts. [More]
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