Published on January 28, 2014 at 7:02 AM
While about 14.9 percent of all households in the nation report food insecurity, the number of college students voicing similar concerns in this report was almost four times higher, at 59 percent.
In the past three decades the cost of higher education has steadily outpaced inflation, the cost of living and medical expenses.
Food insecurity during college years could affect cognitive, academic and psychosocial development.
Factors correlated with reports of food insecurity include fair to poor health, a lower grade point average, low income and employment.
Employment, by itself, is not adequate to resolve this problem, the researchers found. Students reporting food insecurity also worked an average of 18 hours a week - some as high as 42 - but the financial demands they faced more than offset that income.
These findings were based on a survey of 354 students at Western Oregon University, a mid-size public university in a small town near the state capitol in Salem, Ore. Students at Western Oregon supported and assisted in this research, and Doris Cancel-Tirado and Leticia Vazquez with Western Oregon co-authored the study.
The findings probably reflect similar concerns at colleges and universities across the nation, the researchers said, although more research is needed in many areas to determine the full scope of this problem.
"One thing that's clear is that colleges and universities need to be having this conversation and learning more about the issues their students may be facing," said L-pez-Cevallos. "There may be steps to take locally that could help, and policies that could be considered nationally. But it does appear this is a very serious issue that has not received adequate attention, and we need to explore it further."
Source: Oregon State University