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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food people eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.
Study links proteins involved in cell division to insulin signaling

Study links proteins involved in cell division to insulin signaling

Proteins that play key roles in the timing of cell division also moonlight in regulating blood sugar levels, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. [More]
Targeted molecular therapy reduces initial development of NAFLD in mice

Targeted molecular therapy reduces initial development of NAFLD in mice

Researchers report in the journal Cell Reports a targeted molecular therapy that dramatically reduces the initial development of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in laboratory mouse models of the disease. [More]
Resistant starch in diet improves balance of gut bacteria, decreases cholesterol

Resistant starch in diet improves balance of gut bacteria, decreases cholesterol

The secret ingredient is in the flour, but its impact lies within the gut. Adding resistant starch to the diets of people with metabolic syndrome can improve bacteria in the gut, according to research from South Dakota State University. [More]
Appetite hormone CART helps increase insulin secretion, reduce glucagon production

Appetite hormone CART helps increase insulin secretion, reduce glucagon production

The study shows that the appetite hormone CART not only controls the sensation of satiety, but it also helps increase insulin secretion and decrease glucagon production. [More]
Researchers develop in vitro model system for investigating etiology of NAFLD

Researchers develop in vitro model system for investigating etiology of NAFLD

Researchers from the Institute for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine at the University Clinic of Düsseldorf have established an in vitro model system for investigating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). [More]
Study finds little to no link between butter consumption and chronic disease or all-cause mortality

Study finds little to no link between butter consumption and chronic disease or all-cause mortality

Butter consumption was only weakly associated with total mortality, not associated with cardiovascular disease, and slightly inversely associated (protective) with diabetes, according to a new epidemiological study which analyzed the association of butter consumption with chronic disease and all-cause mortality. [More]
Excess or insufficient sleep may increase diabetes risk in men

Excess or insufficient sleep may increase diabetes risk in men

Men who sleep either fewer or more hours than average may face a greater risk of developing diabetes, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Experts compile model list of essential diagnostic tests aiming to improve global health

Experts compile model list of essential diagnostic tests aiming to improve global health

In a western doctor's office or hospital, patients don't think twice about giving a blood or urine sample that can tell if they have a disease or infection, or show if their medicines are working. The samples get rushed to a testing lab with modern equipment that's held to high quality standards. [More]
Socioeconomic status impacts cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes

Socioeconomic status impacts cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes

Patients with Type 2 diabetes are at a particularly high risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes if they have low socioeconomic status, a registry study from Sweden shows. [More]
Omega-3 PUFA biomarkers demonstrate benefits for fatal CHD

Omega-3 PUFA biomarkers demonstrate benefits for fatal CHD

Regular consumption of seafood and plant-based omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids could help lower the risk of fatal coronary heart disease, confirm findings from a pooled analysis of 19 studies. [More]
FDA approves Raindrop Near Vision Inlay device for patients with presbyopia

FDA approves Raindrop Near Vision Inlay device for patients with presbyopia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the Raindrop Near Vision Inlay, a device implanted in the cornea (the clear, front surface) of one eye to improve near vision in certain patients with presbyopia. [More]
Scientists reveal metabolic reasons why low calorie diets may lead to longer life

Scientists reveal metabolic reasons why low calorie diets may lead to longer life

Overeating can lead to health issues that can shorten one's life, such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease. [More]
Testosterone therapy improves sexual activity in older men

Testosterone therapy improves sexual activity in older men

Older men with low libido and low testosterone levels showed more interest in sex and engaged in more sexual activity when they underwent testosterone therapy, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Researchers find main cause of necrotizing enterocolitis-related lung damage in preemies

Researchers find main cause of necrotizing enterocolitis-related lung damage in preemies

Johns Hopkins researchers report they have figured out a root cause of the lung damage that occurs in up to 10 percent of premature infants who develop necrotizing enterocolitis, a disorder that damages and kills the lining of the intestine. [More]
New study reveals startling trend in mortality rates from heart disease and stroke

New study reveals startling trend in mortality rates from heart disease and stroke

After more than a decade of steady improvements, the decline in mortality rates from heart disease and stroke has slowed nationally and nearly leveled out since 2011, according to a new analysis from Kaiser Permanente published in JAMA Cardiology. [More]
Educating parents on healthy infant sleep-related behaviors may help prevent childhood obesity

Educating parents on healthy infant sleep-related behaviors may help prevent childhood obesity

Teaching parents bedtime techniques to encourage healthy sleep habits in their infants may help prevent obesity, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. Strong links exist between inadequate sleep and childhood obesity. [More]
Regular physical activity improves brain power, academic prowess in children

Regular physical activity improves brain power, academic prowess in children

A consensus statement which includes a University of Exeter researcher says exercise boosts kids' and young people's brain power and academic prowess. [More]
Study shows travelling can be big source of exercise for Londoners

Study shows travelling can be big source of exercise for Londoners

Owning a car or bicycle has the strongest influence on how much active travel a Londoner engages in. Car ownership leaves them two to three times less likely to travel actively. [More]
Diet rich in vegetables and fruit may decrease type 2 diabetes risk

Diet rich in vegetables and fruit may decrease type 2 diabetes risk

A diet rich in vegetables and fruit may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to research published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. [More]
Honeybee study finds link between social behavior and circadian rhythms

Honeybee study finds link between social behavior and circadian rhythms

Circadian rhythms are internal clocks that determine many of an organism's daily rhythms, for example sleep-wake, feeding, urinary output and hormone production. [More]
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