Anthrax News and Research

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Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic lower vertebrates (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores), but it can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or tissue from infected animals.

Anthrax is most common in agricultural regions where it occurs in animals. These include South and Central America, Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Middle East. When anthrax affects humans, it is usually due to an occupational exposure to infected animals or their products. Workers who are exposed to dead animals and animal products from other countries where anthrax is more common may become infected with B. anthracis (industrial anthrax). Anthrax outbreaks occur in the United States on an annual basis in livestock and wild game animals such as deer.

Anthrax infection can occur in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal. B. anthracis spores can live in the soil for many years, and humans can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals or by inhaling anthrax spores from contaminated animal products. Anthrax can also be spread by eating undercooked meat from infected animals. It is rare to find infected animals in the United States.
Extension of vaccination programs against anthrax to include U.S. forces in the Pacific Commands including Korea

Extension of vaccination programs against anthrax to include U.S. forces in the Pacific Commands including Korea

12 sites testing a new vaccine to prevent anthrax

12 sites testing a new vaccine to prevent anthrax

Significance of the discovery of anthrax toxin genes in a naturally occurring microbe other than Bacillus anthracis

Significance of the discovery of anthrax toxin genes in a naturally occurring microbe other than Bacillus anthracis

Project aimed at eliminating anthrax as a potential weapon for terrorists

Project aimed at eliminating anthrax as a potential weapon for terrorists

Australian scientists have developed a tool that acts as a pregnancy test for the detection of anthrax

Australian scientists have developed a tool that acts as a pregnancy test for the detection of anthrax

New portable device for detection of biological agents

New portable device for detection of biological agents

Myth of disease threat posed by dead bodies after natural disasters unfounded

Myth of disease threat posed by dead bodies after natural disasters unfounded

Researchers to develop a highly sensitive, portable method of detecting bioterror agents like anthrax

Researchers to develop a highly sensitive, portable method of detecting bioterror agents like anthrax

Scientists have identified a compound that halts the activity of a deadly toxin called anthrax

Scientists have identified a compound that halts the activity of a deadly toxin called anthrax

Researchers demonstrate wearable electronics to aid health and fashion

Researchers demonstrate wearable electronics to aid health and fashion

Equipment that can see anthrax inside envelopes or explosives in luggage

Equipment that can see anthrax inside envelopes or explosives in luggage

New device - the anthrax smoke detector

New device - the anthrax smoke detector

People infected with anthrax continued to report health problems, poor life adjustment, and psychological distress

People infected with anthrax continued to report health problems, poor life adjustment, and psychological distress

Scientists looking for 480 people to test experimental anthrax vaccine

Scientists looking for 480 people to test experimental anthrax vaccine

Experimental smallpox DNA vaccine

Experimental smallpox DNA vaccine

Microbiologists have characterised the DNA in bacteria responsible for vomiting

Microbiologists have characterised the DNA in bacteria responsible for vomiting

21st century is shaping up to be the "century of vaccines"

21st century is shaping up to be the "century of vaccines"

Scientists identify genetic changes during infection by tuberculosis

Scientists identify genetic changes during infection by tuberculosis

New research may help prevent anthrax, bubonic plague and typhoid fever

New research may help prevent anthrax, bubonic plague and typhoid fever