Anthrax News and Research

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Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic lower vertebrates (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores), but it can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or tissue from infected animals.

Anthrax is most common in agricultural regions where it occurs in animals. These include South and Central America, Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Middle East. When anthrax affects humans, it is usually due to an occupational exposure to infected animals or their products. Workers who are exposed to dead animals and animal products from other countries where anthrax is more common may become infected with B. anthracis (industrial anthrax). Anthrax outbreaks occur in the United States on an annual basis in livestock and wild game animals such as deer.

Anthrax infection can occur in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal. B. anthracis spores can live in the soil for many years, and humans can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals or by inhaling anthrax spores from contaminated animal products. Anthrax can also be spread by eating undercooked meat from infected animals. It is rare to find infected animals in the United States.
BMA report hopes to raise awareness about the threat of biological weapons

BMA report hopes to raise awareness about the threat of biological weapons

Tabletop DNA test laboratory cuts disease diagnosis down to 30 minutes

Tabletop DNA test laboratory cuts disease diagnosis down to 30 minutes

Results do not suggest widespread anthrax antibiotic abuse in the aftermath of the 2001 terrorist attacks

Results do not suggest widespread anthrax antibiotic abuse in the aftermath of the 2001 terrorist attacks

Allow genomic information to be freely available on the internet

Allow genomic information to be freely available on the internet

Scientists have traced the first steps in the way some new diseases emerge

Scientists have traced the first steps in the way some new diseases emerge

Researchers have successfully produced small quantities of a new vaccine for anthrax using Bacillus bacteria

Researchers have successfully produced small quantities of a new vaccine for anthrax using Bacillus bacteria

New way of killing dangerous bacteria like the ones which cause anthrax and pneumonia

New way of killing dangerous bacteria like the ones which cause anthrax and pneumonia

Compulsory vaccination against terrorist attack is unjustified

Compulsory vaccination against terrorist attack is unjustified

African-Americans and Asians more pessimistic about the health systems ability to cope with a bioterrorist event

African-Americans and Asians more pessimistic about the health systems ability to cope with a bioterrorist event

Powdered form of anthrax vaccine could eliminate needle injections

Powdered form of anthrax vaccine could eliminate needle injections

Existing hepatitis drug could lead to the development of new drugs for the treatment of anthrax

Existing hepatitis drug could lead to the development of new drugs for the treatment of anthrax

Antibodies produced by shark immune systems could be used to detect human pathogens

Antibodies produced by shark immune systems could be used to detect human pathogens

New twist to the 2001 anthrax attacks in the U.S.

New twist to the 2001 anthrax attacks in the U.S.

Rapid detection of anthrax inhalation

Rapid detection of anthrax inhalation

New book predicts a "vaccine century"

New book predicts a "vaccine century"

Scientists determine structure of staph, anthrax enzyme

Scientists determine structure of staph, anthrax enzyme

Emerging infectious diseases will continue to confront society in unpredictable ways as long as humans and microbes co-exist

Emerging infectious diseases will continue to confront society in unpredictable ways as long as humans and microbes co-exist

New leads for the discovery of anthrax antitoxins that could be used in conjunction with antibiotics to treat late-stage anthrax

New leads for the discovery of anthrax antitoxins that could be used in conjunction with antibiotics to treat late-stage anthrax

Research points to a possible way to design anthrax toxin molecules that selectively attack tumor cells

Research points to a possible way to design anthrax toxin molecules that selectively attack tumor cells

Extension of vaccination programs against anthrax to include U.S. forces in the Pacific Commands including Korea

Extension of vaccination programs against anthrax to include U.S. forces in the Pacific Commands including Korea