Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.

Read More

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Modulating the rap1 mechanism can help control blood sugar levels

Modulating the rap1 mechanism can help control blood sugar levels

Protein blueprint may aid in treatments for infertility and help protect future fertility

Protein blueprint may aid in treatments for infertility and help protect future fertility

Researchers discover a new mechanism controlling satiation

Researchers discover a new mechanism controlling satiation

Mother's gestational diabetes is an independent risk factor for fetal hypoxia during labor

Mother's gestational diabetes is an independent risk factor for fetal hypoxia during labor

New guidance provides valuable direction in the clinical use of HR-pQCT imaging

New guidance provides valuable direction in the clinical use of HR-pQCT imaging

High junk food consumption in childhood increases risk of unhealthy body fat by early adulthood

High junk food consumption in childhood increases risk of unhealthy body fat by early adulthood

New model identifies effective dissemination strategies for Type 2 diabetes guidelines

New model identifies effective dissemination strategies for Type 2 diabetes guidelines

Low-fiber, high-fat diets cause significant shifts in the gut microbiome

Low-fiber, high-fat diets cause significant shifts in the gut microbiome

Change in diet and circadian clock can impact healthy fat tissue, finds study

Change in diet and circadian clock can impact healthy fat tissue, finds study

Examining how the consumption of ultra-processed foods increases adiposity in children

Examining how the consumption of ultra-processed foods increases adiposity in children

High proportion of people with diabetes have chronic kidney disease, research reveals

High proportion of people with diabetes have chronic kidney disease, research reveals

Study shows poor antibody response in naive elderly of nursing homes after mRNA vaccination

Study shows poor antibody response in naive elderly of nursing homes after mRNA vaccination

Metformin prevents pulmonary or lung inflammation in animals infected with SARS-CoV-2

Metformin prevents pulmonary or lung inflammation in animals infected with SARS-CoV-2

Study implicates placental protein as a possible regulator of an infant’s birthweight

Study implicates placental protein as a possible regulator of an infant’s birthweight

Study offers new perspective on disproportionate impact of COVID-19

Study offers new perspective on disproportionate impact of COVID-19

Researchers review the therapeutic potential of resveratrol nasal formulations in COVID-19

Researchers review the therapeutic potential of resveratrol nasal formulations in COVID-19

New bacterium shows promise for treating type 2 diabetes, obesity

New bacterium shows promise for treating type 2 diabetes, obesity

People with diabetes experiencing sleep disturbances have increased risk of death

People with diabetes experiencing sleep disturbances have increased risk of death

Study reveals mechanisms by which SGLT2 inhibitors produce renoprotective effect

Study reveals mechanisms by which SGLT2 inhibitors produce renoprotective effect

Oral antidiabetic medication provides kidney protection in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Oral antidiabetic medication provides kidney protection in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis