Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.

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Latest Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Study: Gut microbiome can predict changes in Type 2 diabetes related glucose regulation

Study: Gut microbiome can predict changes in Type 2 diabetes related glucose regulation

New tool predicts trends and outcomes in individual patients

New tool predicts trends and outcomes in individual patients

Study shows reliability and robustness of injectable anti-obesity medication

Study shows reliability and robustness of injectable anti-obesity medication

High-throughput genetic analysis can help dissect the mechanism of disease inheritance

High-throughput genetic analysis can help dissect the mechanism of disease inheritance

C$40-million investment supports new network to fight against diabetes and other chronic diseases

C$40-million investment supports new network to fight against diabetes and other chronic diseases

High fructose diets might prevent proper functioning of peoples' immune system

High fructose diets might prevent proper functioning of peoples' immune system

Eating low-quality diet during pregnancy is linked to late-childhood obesity

Eating low-quality diet during pregnancy is linked to late-childhood obesity

3D microscopy sheds light on the body’s immune response to obesity

3D microscopy sheds light on the body’s immune response to obesity

Timing of physical activity associated with cardiovascular health for individuals with Type 2 diabetes

Timing of physical activity associated with cardiovascular health for individuals with Type 2 diabetes

Kruppel-like factor 15 controls skeletal muscle fat uptake and utilization

Kruppel-like factor 15 controls skeletal muscle fat uptake and utilization

Genetic testing technology wrongly detects the presence of very rare genetic variants

Genetic testing technology wrongly detects the presence of very rare genetic variants

UTEP professor's discovery could lead to a way to inhibit overeating

UTEP professor's discovery could lead to a way to inhibit overeating

Researchers map the mechanism behind cellular communication

Researchers map the mechanism behind cellular communication

Novel finding could lead to better treatments for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Novel finding could lead to better treatments for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Lifestyle changes in pregnant women linked to epigenetic alterations in babies

Lifestyle changes in pregnant women linked to epigenetic alterations in babies

Higher proportion of male children develop COVID-19-related Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome, finds study

Higher proportion of male children develop COVID-19-related Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome, finds study

Study identifies new therapeutic targets for treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes

Study identifies new therapeutic targets for treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes

Reducing obesity may prevent up to half of new type 2 diabetes cases

Reducing obesity may prevent up to half of new type 2 diabetes cases

Periodontitis treatment that changes oral bacteria also reduces severity of diabetes

Periodontitis treatment that changes oral bacteria also reduces severity of diabetes

Pancreatic β cells secrete miR-29 in response to high levels of free fatty acids

Pancreatic β cells secrete miR-29 in response to high levels of free fatty acids